Tunisia Population 2024 (Live)

12,567,241

According to the most recent projections, Tunisia’s population will continue to grow until 2058, when the population will plateau at about 13.96 million people. Following this plateau, the population will begin to slowly decline and reach 13.01 million by 2099.

Tunisia’s population growth rate from 2019 to 2020 is 1.06%. This rate will continue to decrease as Tunisia approaches its peak population in 2058. Tunisia’s fertility rate is just above the population replacement rate at 2.2 births per woman, which is declining slowly, and the country experiences negative net migration each year. These two factors will continue to bring down the population growth rate until it is zero and the population begins to decline in the years following.

In the 1960s, the Tunisian government introduced the first family planning program in Africa to decrease population growth to improve socio-economic development. The effects of this program are seen today with the decreasing population growth rate.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
155,360
The current population of Tunisia is 12,567,241 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 12,564,689.

Tunisia Growth Rate

Tunisia Population Clock

Tunisia Population (as of 7/9/2024)12,567,241
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)12,564,689
Births per Day503
Deaths per Day209
Migrations per Day-11
Net Change per Day284
Population Change Since Jan. 154,244

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2.87 minutes
One death every 6.88 minutes
One emigrant every 130.92 minutes
Net gain of one person every 5.07 minutes

Tunisia Population Clock

Tunisia Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Tunis693,210
Sfax277,278
Sousse164,123
Kairouan119,794
Bizerte115,268
Gabes110,075
Ariana97,687
Kasserine81,987
Gafsa81,232
La Goulette79,795

Tunisia Area and Population Density

Tunisia is located on the north coast of Africa along the Mediterranean Sea, with a surface area of 63,170 square miles (163,610 square kilometers). Tunisia is not a very densely populated nation. Using the 2019 population of 11.78 million people, the population density of Tunisia is 186.5 people per square mile (72.0 people per square kilometer), which ranks 110th in the world.

Largest Cities in Tunisia

Roughly two-thirds of Tunisian citizens live in urban areas, and the country has several sizable cities. The capital and largest city is Tunis, with a population of just over one million, and over 2 million in the greater metro area. The next largest Sfax with a population of 330,000. Other major cities with populations over 100,000 include Sousse, Ettadhamen, Kairouan, Gabes, Bizerte, Aryanah, Garsa, and El Mourouj.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202412,564,6890.84%8180134
202312,458,2230.86%8079134
202012,161,7230.93%7879134
201912,049,3140.97%7878132
201811,933,0411.03%7778132
201711,811,4431.08%7677133
201511,557,7791.19%7477133
201010,895,0630.96%7077134
200510,388,3440.98%6778129
20009,893,3161.26%6478127
19959,294,1021.95%6078128
19908,440,0232.46%5479128
19857,476,0922.59%4880130
19806,578,1562.66%4279131
19755,769,0742.71%3782133
19705,047,4042.52%3282132
19654,457,2821.22%2983132
19604,195,4671.08%2780127
19553,975,5441.97%2680126

Tunisia Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202412,564,6890.84%8180134
202512,665,8020.82%8280132
203013,100,7680.68%8480132
203513,449,7170.53%8781133
204013,769,3450.47%8982137
204514,072,1810.44%9186139
205014,315,7790.34%9286137
205514,463,6150.21%9387137
206014,512,2110.07%9388136
206514,484,153-0.04%9390132
207014,413,138-0.1%9390133
207514,317,997-0.13%9290134
208014,204,130-0.16%9191132
208514,070,683-0.19%9191134
209013,916,986-0.22%9091134
209513,740,865-0.25%8892132

Tunisia Population by Year (Projections)

Tunisia Population Pyramid 2024

Tunisia Median Age

32.2

Total

31.7

Male

32.8

Female

Tunisia Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Tunisia.

Census Years

Year
Date
20242024
201415 May 2014
200428 April 2004
199420 April 1994

Tunisia Population Pyramid

Tunisia Demographics

Tunisia is mostly made up of people from distinct and mixed Berber and Arab descent. About 98% of the population identifies as Arabs, while just 1% are purely Berber and live in the Dahar mountains and the island of Djerba.

Between the late 19th century and through the 1950's, Tunisia had large populations of French and Italians, who combined made up 255,000 in 1956. Virtually all of the Europeans and the Jewish population left after the country gained independence. There was a history of Jews in the region going back 2,000 years. While the 1948 Jewish population was over 105,000, it was reduced to just 1,500 by 2003.

The Berbers are the first known inhabitants of the region, although today's Tunisia reflects many civilizations who have invaded, migrated to and been assimilated into the population over the last thousand years.

Tunisia Religion, Economy and Politics

Tunisia is an almost entirely Muslim country, with 99% of the population practicing the religion. In fact, it is the official religion of the country and the president is required to be Muslim. Nearly all of the Muslim population is Sunni, and a small indigenous population is Shia or Sufi. There are also small populations of Christians, Jews, and Baha'i - a religion from Egypt.

Since the national uprising in 2011 that changed Tunisia from a one-party state to a democracy, the economy has been in really good shape and continues to grow. Supported by the agriculture, services, electrical and mechanical industries- the economy has been growing at an increasingly fast rate to the impressive 3% growth rate of 2019.

Tunisia Population History

The country of Tunisia was a protectorate of France from 1883-1957 when they became a completely independent republic. During the period under French rule, however, Tunisia fought in the World Wars with the French. As the country grew towards the turn of the century, they became more and more democratic before holding their first multi-party elections in 1999.

In 2002, a synagogue was bombed by Al-Qaeda, killing 19 people, beginning years under the threat of terror, which ramped up in 2015 with a couple of deadly terrorist attacks- one killing 21, and the other killing 38- causing the closing of several extremist mosques.

Tunisia Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
163,610
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$54.71
GDP (UN '22)
$46.18 Bn

Sources