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# of Speakers

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What Country Speaks Yiddish 2024

  • Precise counts of Yiddish speakers are logistically challenging to obtain. Counts shown are official estimates, but Yiddish may be spoken at a local or personal level in many countries not included in the official data.
  • Yiddish is a fusion language with Germanic, Hebraic, and Slavic elements and hundreds of thousands of speakers worldwide. It is the primary language of Ashkenazic Jews.
  • Before World War II, it was estimated that 11-13 million people spoke Yiddish. However, roughly 5 million of those individuals were killed during the Holocaust, and millions more adopted different primary languages (often the more proper Hebrew) over the course of the following generations. In 2024, however, use of Yiddish appears to be increasing.

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Country
# of Speakers
Additional Details
Continent
United States360,000
North America
Israel188,000
Asia
Ukraine169,000
Europe
Canada41,000
North America
Belarus14,000
Europe
Lithuania2,300
Europe
Latvia1,900
Europe
Estonia1,900
Europe
Russia1,700
Recognized minority language
AsiaEurope
Moldova1,600
Recognized minority language
Europe
Romania600
Recognized minority language
Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina281
Recognized minority language
Europe
Poland
Recognized minority language
Europe
Netherlands
Recognized minority language
Europe
Sweden
Recognized minority language
Europe
Total782,281

Sources