Kansas Population 2020

2,910,360

Although the last official Census was carried out in 2010, estimates are released every year and in 2015, it was estimated that the population of Kansas had reached 2,911,641. Kansas currently has a growth rate of 0.57% annually, which ranks 31st among all 50 states.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the survey revealed that there were 2,853,118 people living in Kansas, and that represented a rise of 6.1% on the 2000 figure of 2,688,418.

Kansas Population Density and Area

Situated in an almost central location in the United States, Kansas is the 15th largest state in the country with regards to pure surface area, but in terms of population, sparsely spread numbers mean that it is only the 33rd most populous US state. The population density statistics make for interesting reading. From an overall surface area of 82,277 square miles (213,096 square kilometers), there is an average of 34.9 people per square mile. That makes Kansas the 40th most densely populated state in the US -- so, overall, the state consists of lots of wide-open country.

The center of population is in Chase County, three miles north of Strong City, although the most populous city is Wichita, with a population of over 389,000, followed by Overland Park (186,515), Kansas City (151,306) and Topeka (127,265).

The rural population of Kansas continues to decline in a process known as rural flight. The past few decades have been marked by a migration from the countryside to the cities. Kansas now has more than 6,000 ghost towns and dwindling communities, while communities in Johnson County (home to metropolitan Kansas City) are some of the fastest-growing in the United States.

Kansas Gender and Religion Statistics

In terms of age, the Kansas population is very in line with the United States as a whole. The population under the age of 18 is estimated at around 25%, while the percentage of persons 65 years and over is currently 14.6%. This means that, like much of the country, Kansas will be dealing with an aging population in the coming years. The median age in Kansas is approximately 36.2 years of age, with a slight gender gap in the population with 50.3% females and 49.7% males.

In terms of religious preferences, Kansas is seen to be 76% inclined toward Christian based faiths, 4% non-Christian based faiths, and 20% unaffiliated with any religion.

Kansas Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Most of present-day Kansas was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, forming part of Louisiana and then Missouri Territory. Kansas Territory was organized in 1854, and included part of present-day Colorado. Kansas was admitted as a State on January 29, 1861 with essentially its present boundaries. Census coverage of Kansas began in 1860 and included the whole State by 1880. The 1860 census reported Kansas and Colorado Territory in terms of their 1861 boundaries.

Kansas Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Kansas was:

  • White: 84.59%
  • Black or African American: 5.84%
  • Two or more races: 3.47%
  • Asian: 2.87%
  • Other race: 2.32%
  • Native American: 0.83%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%

Kansas Population History

Early population records are openly available from 1860 when it was confirmed that 107,206 people resided in the state. It’s fair to assume that growth prior to 1860 had been healthy and just ten years later, the 1870 Census showed a leap in the Kansas population of 239.9% to 364,399.

Further significant growth throughout the rest of the 19th century took those figures to just under 1.5 million, and while steady increases have generally been recorded ever since, they have slowed down from Kansas' early growth spurt.

Kansas Population Growth

For most of the 20th century, Kansas has enjoyed healthy population growth even if the percentage rises haven’t been as high as some areas in the country. In 2007, natural growth figures were released and they showed that in the seven years from the previous Census of 2000, there had been an increase of 93,899 people. This figure was calculated by taking a total of 246,484 births minus 152,585 deaths and a fall due to net migration of 20,742 people.

Kansas Population Projections

Estimates show that the Kansas population in 2016 had exceeded 2.9 million. The total population in the state has grown by 6% during the last decade, with most of this increase occurring in Johnson County and counties around Wichita, Kansas State University and Fort Riley.

According to some sociologists, though, this growth is not necessarily a good thing as Kansas will continue to see an increase in its aging population and greater loss in rural areas. Unlike many fast-growing states with a lot of uncertainty, Kansas' population trends are generally stable and easy to predict. While the population of Kansas will continue to rise, it is still not keeping pace with the United States as a whole, or many other states in the country.

Based on growth over the last decade, it's projected that the Kansas population will surpass 3 million by 2025.

Kansas Growth Rate

Kansas Population Rank

Kansas Population 2020

Johnson County

  • Population597,555
  • Density1262.12 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20109.51%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State20.52%

Kansas County Growth

Based on data from the 2010 Census and 2015 estimates from the Census Bureau, the counties in the state of Kansas have experienced both increases and decreases in population. While the majority of the counties have shown population declines during the 5-year period, there are some areas that have shown growth. The most significant growth was recorded in Pottawatomie County, with 7.29% growth. Growth also was reported in Greeley County along the western border of the state, showing 5.72% growth. Other counties that posted larger percentages of growth during this time period include Johnson, Douglas, and Riley Counties.

As far as decreases in population, Elk County's 9.33% decline was the highest in the state. Hamilton County's 8.54% was also at the top of the list, followed by other counties primarily located along the western border and in the southeast, including Morton, Wilson, Woodson, and Montgomery.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,460,61684.59%
Black or African American169,8015.84%
Two or More Races101,0443.47%
Asian83,5312.87%
Some Other Race67,5882.32%
American Indian and Alaska Native24,0500.83%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,1430.07%

Kansas Population Pyramid 2020

Kansas Median Age

36.5


Total

35.3


Male

37.9


Female

Kansas Adults

There are 2,193,230 adults, (437,777 of whom are seniors) in Kansas.

Kansas Age Dependency

65.7

Age Dependency Ratio

24.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Kansas Sex Ratio

Female

1,459,360

50.17%

Male

1,449,410

49.83%

Kansas Households and Families

Kansas Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Kansas Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.9%17.1%
All66.3%33.7%
Male55.6%44.4%
Non Family49%51%
Female46.9%53.1%

66.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,124,5502.5266.3
Married571,5263.1682.9
Non Family392,8921.2649
Female110,6403.2946.9
Male49,4913.2955.6

3.11

Average Family Size

2.52

Average Household Size

5.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Kansas Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade69,2123.65%
9th to 12th Grade106,5075.62%
High School Graduate492,81926.01%
Some College442,04523.33%
Associates Degree161,0168.50%
Bachelors Degree394,46220.82%
Graduate Degree228,61412.07%

Kansas Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White1,530,1201,439,030542,251
Hispanic166,466107,15022,422
Black102,18789,28920,217
Asian52,92544,95626,673
Other Race37,45421,7403,603
Multiple Races36,03232,34310,109
Native American14,91212,6702,779
Islander1,189932282

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.05%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.40%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,730$45,971$31,291
Less Than High School$25,494$30,350$17,931
High School Grad$30,228$36,524$22,500
Some College$35,078$42,717$28,411
Bachelors Degree$49,246$62,569$40,694
Graduate Degree$61,162$77,500$52,598

$38,730

Average Earnings

$45,971

Average Male

$31,291

Average Female

Kansas Language

Kansas Language by Age

Kansas Language

88.33% of Kansas residents speak only English, while 11.67% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.70% of the population.

Kansas Poverty

Kansas Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White2,156,660211,2169.79%
Hispanic332,37269,23320.83%
Black159,08339,10524.58%
Multiple96,58719,83120.53%
Other66,63814,15521.24%
Asian81,59311,92914.62%
Native22,4434,53320.20%
Islander1,93344823.18%

12.40%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.35%

Male Poverty Rate

13.43%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Kansas

The race most likely to be in poverty in Kansas is Black, with 24.58% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Kansas is White, with 9.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.80%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.39%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.51%
High School12.36%
Some College9.04%
Bachelors or Greater3.53%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.96%
Male Unemployed28.88%
Female Employed8.20%
Male Employed5.99%

Kansas Income

Kansas Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$57,422$77,509
Families$73,222$93,587
Married Families$84,567$106,111
Non Families$32,437$44,653

Kansas Marital Status

Kansas Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

53.1%

Male Marriage Rate

51.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Kansas Married by Age and Sex

Kansas Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Kansas Marital Status by Race

Kansas Veterans

181,453

Number of Veterans

167,166

Male Veterans

14,287

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam64,975
Second Gulf War36,993
First Gulf War36,942
Korea16,843
World War II7,795
Age Group Veterans
65 to 7446,552
35 to 5442,383
75+41,403
55 to 6432,736
18 to 3418,379
Name Veterans % of Total
White161,9028.64%
Black11,4309.39%
Hispanic7,7943.77%
2 or More4,0238.15%
Indian1,4718.19%
Asian1,2781.97%
Other1,1912.65%
Hawaiian15810.07%

$Kansas Veterans by Education

6.66%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.25%

Veteran Disability Rate

Kansas Employment Status

66.5%

Labor Force Participation

62.9%

Employment Rate

4.4%

Unemployment Rate

Kansas Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.07%

Born in Kansas

92.89%

Native Born

7.11%

Foreign Born

4.36%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.89% of Kansas residents were born in the United States, with 59.07% having been born in Kansas. 4.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.