Mississippi Population 2020


The last nationwide US Census figures represented a rise of 4.3% from the numbers declared at the Census in 2000. The population has grown only modestly since then, and it is now estimated to be just 2.99 million. If similar increases continue to occur, then the number of people living in Mississippi may soon surpass 3 million.

At the time of the Census, the population was recorded as 2,967,297. Mississippi currently has a population growth rate of 0.30%, which is fairly slow and ranks at 40th in the nation.

Mississippi Area and Population Density

Situated in the southwest US, Mississippi is the 32nd largest state in the country with an area that covers 48,430 square miles. Population figures are consistent with its size, and it is the 31st most populous state. Its population density ranks 32nd in the United States.

Mississippi has a very widely spread population with a density of just 63.2 people per square mile, which ranks 32nd in the country. For many generations, people have been leaving the rural areas of the United States and concentrating in urban areas, with only 1 in 5 people in the country classified as rural. Mississippi is a sharp contrast, however, as 51.2% still live in rural areas, which is the 4th largest rural population in the country.

There is only one city in the state with a population of over 100,000, and that's Jackson. Only two other cities currently have a population of at least 50,000: Hattiesburg and Gulfport. The most populated counties are Hinds (239,479 - but has been losing population since 2010), Harrison (205,027), and DeSoto (178,751) counties. Both Harrison and DeSoto counties have a substantial growth rate of over 9% in each county.

Mississippi Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age of the Mississippi population is approximately 36.7 years of age. The state's gender ratio is split at 51.5% female and 48.5% male.

In terms of preferred religions across the state, 83% of the population are affiliated with a Christian based faith, 2% affiliate with a non-Christian based faith, and 14% have no affiliation with any religion.

Mississippi Boundary, Census and Statehood History

Most of present-day Mississippi was part of Georgia until the south-central portions of Mississippi and Alabama were established as Mississippi Territory, authorized by Congress in 1798 and agreed to by Georgia in 1802. In 1804, the Territory was expanded to include the northern parts of the two future States. The Gulf Coast portions were added in 1812, although still in dispute with Spain until 1819. Mississippi was admitted as a State on December 10, 1817 with essentially its present boundaries.

Census coverage of present-day Mississippi began in 1800 in the southwestern section close to the Mississippi River. The populations shown for 1800 and 1810 exclude counties now in Alabama. The central and northern portions were not fully covered by the census until 1840.

Mississippi Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mississippi was:

  • White: 58.59%
  • Black or African American: 37.67%
  • Two or more races: 1.34%
  • Other race: 0.96%
  • Asian: 0.95%
  • Native American: 0.46%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%

Mississippi Population History

Like most states in the US, Mississippi enjoyed a population explosion through the 19th century. In 1800, numbers were recorded at 7,600 but just ten years later, those figures had increased by over 300% to 31,306. That was by far the biggest population spike in the state’s history but further significant growth saw the figures rise to 606,526 by 1850.

Mississippi Population Growth

By the start of the 20th century, the population of Mississippi had comfortably exceeded 1.5 million, and while growth has slowed in the modern era, the overall picture remains one of sustained growth. By 1930, numbers had already hit 2 million and continued expansion throughout the latter half of the 20th century has left the Mississippi population in 2016 close to the 3 million mark.

Mississippi Population Projections

Over the years, the big picture is one of population growth, but percentage rises on a decade by decade basis have fluctuated to a great extent and have therefore been a little hard to predict. Mississippi also has a fairly slow growth rate. However, by the time of the next Census in 2020, numbers should have comfortably exceeded 3 million and the only question is how far can they rise beyond that milestone? According to current projections, the Mississippi population will reach 3.15 million by 2020.

Up until the 1930s, black Americans made up the majority of citizens in Mississippi, and although that picture has changed, there is still a relatively large black community in the state. In 2010, Mississippi had the highest proportion of African Americans in the United States.

People of Scots-Irish, Scottish and English ancestry are widespread throughout Mississippi, and people with these ancestries are thought to be higher than reported. One historian estimates at least 20% of the state's population is of English ancestry alone.

Interestingly, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1830 between the U.S. Government and the Choctaw allowed these people to sell their land and agree to be removed to a reservation in current-day Oklahoma, although Article 14 of the treaty allowed those who wanted to remain to become U.S. citizens. Today, about 9,500 Choctaw live in Leake, Jones, Newton and Neshoba counties in Mississippi.

Mississippi also has one of the highest rates of increase of its mixed-race population, which increased 70% from 2000 to 2012, even though the population of the state itself has not increased much.

Mississippi Growth Rate

Mississippi Population Rank

Mississippi Population 2020

Hinds County

  • Population237,085
  • Density272.58 per sq km
  • Growth Since 2010-3.52%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State7.94%

The state of Mississippi has many counties, and when looking at the population of each county, data shows that there have been more declines across the state than there have been population increases when tracking by county. Between the 2010 Census and data taken in 2015, there have been three counties that have shown significant population growth. This includes the northern county of Lafayette, which posted the highest growth of 11.76%, central Madison County with 8.24% and southern Lamar County at 8.09%. Other counties that showed growth were mostly located in the southernmost and northernmost areas of the state.

As far as population declines, almost every county along the western border of Mississippi saw declining populations. Wilson County, located in the southwestern corner, had the most significant decline at 7.48%. Other counties that showed decreased growth between 2010 and 2015 include Washington County at 5.77%, Sunflower County at 6.92%, and Holmes County at 5.46%.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American1,125,83237.67%
Two or More Races40,1931.34%
Some Other Race28,8330.96%
American Indian and Alaska Native13,6890.46%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7070.02%

Mississippi Population Pyramid 2020

Mississippi Median Age







Mississippi Adults

There are 2,268,450 adults, (449,478 of whom are seniors) in Mississippi.

Mississippi Age Dependency


Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Mississippi Sex Ratio







Mississippi Households and Families

Mississippi Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mississippi Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Non Family58.3%41.7%


Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
Non Family365,3081.258.3


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Unmarried (Opposite Sex)


Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mississippi Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade105,8155.38%
9th to 12th Grade210,53010.70%
High School Graduate596,56430.32%
Some College440,89422.41%
Associates Degree184,3349.37%
Bachelors Degree266,27413.53%
Graduate Degree162,9038.28%

Mississippi Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Other Race16,2798,8521,765
Multiple Races14,87612,5794,087
Native American8,1915,834960

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 91.18%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 41.07%.

Name Average Male Female
Less Than High School$21,448$26,117$16,013
High School Grad$27,368$32,655$21,121
Some College$31,487$40,519$26,058
Bachelors Degree$42,219$54,092$36,859
Graduate Degree$54,401$69,089$49,008


Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Mississippi Language

Mississippi Language by Age

Mississippi Language

96.12% of Mississippi residents speak only English, while 3.88% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.43% of the population.

Mississippi Poverty

Mississippi Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate


Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mississippi

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mississippi is Black, with 32.70% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mississippi is White, with 12.58% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.57%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.87%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.53%
High School19.40%
Some College13.65%
Bachelors or Greater5.13%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.10%
Male Unemployed38.54%
Female Employed11.48%
Male Employed6.87%

Mississippi Income

Mississippi Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Married Families$71,939$87,760
Non Families$24,171$35,947

Mississippi Marital Status

Mississippi Marital Status

Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Mississippi Married by Age and Sex

Mississippi Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Mississippi Marital Status by Race

Mississippi Veterans


Number of Veterans


Male Veterans


Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War38,748
Second Gulf War32,913
World War II5,110
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5445,083
65 to 7442,121
55 to 6432,733
18 to 3414,046
Name Veterans % of Total
2 or More2,13211.29%

$Mississippi Veterans by Education


Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Mississippi Employment Status


Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Mississippi Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens


Born in Mississippi


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen

Place of Birth

97.67% of Mississippi residents were born in the United States, with 71.51% having been born in Mississippi. 1.45% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.