Ohio sits in the US Midwest, linking the country's Northeast to the Midwest. The state has one of the most central locations in the country with the 10th largest highway network. It's also just a day's drive within 50% of all of North America's population.
Ohio has an interesting history, and despite being only the 34th largest state, it is the 7th most populous and 10th most densely populated in the country. Still, it has one of the lowest growth rates in the nation, growing at a rate of just 0.67%, which ranks 43rd in the country.
The last official Census occurred in 2010, showing Ohio had a population of 11,536,504. This number has increased slightly to 11,548,087 in 2015, representing a very slight growth rate.
Ohio Area and Population Density
While Ohio's growth is slow, it's still ahead of the rest of the country. Ohio has a population density of 282.3 people per square mile, ranking 10th in the nation, with a total land area of 44,825 square miles, which ranks 34th.
Ohio's population is spread throughout the state with many major cities. Columbus, the capital, has the highest population with 850,000 residents, followed by Cleveland (388,072), Cincinnati (298,550), Toledo (298,550) and Akron (197,542).
Interestingly, the cities are wildly different when it comes to demographics and growth. While Columbus is growing rapidly at a rate of 10% every decade, Cleveland, by comparison, is losing people at an alarming rate. In 1950, more than 900,000 people lived in Cleveland, and its population is declining at a rate similar to decaying cities like Detroit.
The most populated county in Ohio is Franklin County at 1,291,981 residents in its boundaries, with Cuyahoga County coming in at a close second place with 1,248,514 residents. However, Cuyahoga has a 2% rate of loss of population in recent years.
Ohio Gender and Religion Statistics
The median age across the population in Ohio is approximately 39.3 years of age. When it comes to the ratio of females to males, Ohio has 51.1% females and 48.9% males.
In terms of preferred religions through the state's population, 73% of the population is affiliated with a Christian based faith, 4% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and 22% are unaffiliated with any faith in particular.
Ohio Boundary, Census, and Statehood History
Ohio was part of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, established in 1787 and commonly known as the Northwest Territory. Besides present-day Ohio, it included what are now Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and northeastern Minnesota. In 1800, with the creation of Indiana Territory, the Northwest Territory was reduced essentially to present-day Ohio, a small portion of southeastern Indiana, and the eastern half of lower Michigan. Ohio became a separate territory in 1802 and was admitted as a State on March 1, 1803, with its present boundaries except for a much-disputed strip along the northwestern border. This strip was governed by Michigan Territory until finally ceded to Ohio in 1836.
In 1790 the Northwest Territory had no census coverage. The 1800 census enumerated population in much of present-day Ohio and in a portion of southeastern Indiana; the total excludes the then Wayne County, nearly all of whose population was in present-day Michigan. The 1810, 1820, and 1830 censuses covered all of present-day Ohio except for the disputed northwestern strip, which was enumerated as part of Michigan.