The northeastern US state of Vermont is the 45th largest in the country by area and the 49th largest by population -- the only state with fewer people is Wyoming. Vermont's population has seen a slight decline over the past few years, currently shrinking at .12% per year.
The last official US census was carried out in 2010 and this confirmed that the population of Vermont at the time was 625,741 which represented a modest 2.8% rise on the figures declared at the Census of 2000.
Vermont Area and Population Density
Despite its small size and population, it does make good use of its space with a population density that ranks 30th in the country. Vermont has a very tiny surface area of just 9,614 square miles, but for every square mile of Vermont territory, there is an average of 67.9 people, making Vermont the 30th most densely populated state in the entire country.
There are no major urban areas in Vermont, which is not surprising given its small overall population. Vermont has only 9 incorporated cities, and only three of them have a population of more than 10,000. Burlington is the state’s largest city, home to just over 42,000 people. The second largest city is South Burlington (pop: 18,791). Together the two cities, combined with a number of other towns and cities, make up the Burlington Metropolitan area, containing more than 200,000 people.
The state capital, Montpelier, is only Vermont’s fifth largest city. It has an estimated 7,592 residents. Interestingly, Vermont is the only state in the country that does not have a single building taller than 124 feet (38 meters).
The two most populated counties within the state of Vermont are Chittenden County and Rutland county, with respective populations of 162,372 and 59,087.
Vermont Gender and Religion Statistics
The median age across the population of Vermont is approximately 42.6 years of age. In terms of the sex ratio among the population, 50.7% are females and 49.3% are males.
In terms of religious preferences across the population of the state, 54% are affiliated with a Christian based faith, 8% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and a whopping 37% are not affiliated with any religion in particular.
It's also interesting to note that Vermont is considered the least religious state in the country with only 23% of residents considering themselves "very religious," and it has the fifth highest percentage of divorced people in the country.
Vermont Boundary, Census, and Statehood History
In 1777 Vermont declared itself separate from New Hampshire and New York, but both continued to claim it. After New York withdrew its claims, Vermont was admitted as a State on March 4, 1791 with essentially its present boundaries. Vermont's 1790 census actually took place after statehood in 1791. Census coverage included virtually all settled portions of the State.