As part of the Northeastern Region of the United States, Vermont is one of six states known as the New England colonies. Situated between three other states, Vermont shares a border with Quebec, Canada, in the north as well. With New Hampshire to the east, and New York to the west, Vermont shares its southern border with the state of Massachusetts. Called the Green Mountain State, Vermont is known for its valleys and soft terrain.
Vermont is located at a latitude of 44.5588° N and a longitude of 72.5778° W. The geographic center point of the state of Vermont is just east of Roxbury, in Washington County. Vermont operates on East Coast Standard Time.
The total area of Vermont is approximately 9,615 square miles. Of the total area, an estimated number of 9,249 square miles are land, while the other 366 square miles are attributed to rivers, basins, reservoirs, and lakes within Vermont’s state lines. As percentages, Vermont is 96.19% land and 3.81% water. Based on physical size, Vermont ranks as the forty-fifth largest state, which is another way of saying that Vermont is the sixth smallest state in the U.S.
According to the Census Bureau, the population of Vermont is approximately 623,960 people as of 2018. In terms of population, Vermont is the forty-ninth most populated state. In other words, aside from Wyoming, Vermont has the smallest population in relation to its total area. With approximately 68 people per square mile, Vermont is not a highly populous state when taking its physical size into consideration and then envisioning the area compared to the people who populate the state. The size of Vermont, as well as its location away from coastlines and very north, contributes to its ranking as the second smallest state. However, Vermont was declared the safest state in the country in the year 2016, so smaller populations do not appear to be the worst trait a state could have.
The average point of elevation in Vermont is approximately 1,000 feet above sea level. At its highest peak, Vermont has elevation level of 4,393 feet above sea level. The highest altitude of Vermont is located at the top of Mount Mansfield in the Green Mountain Range. At its lowest dip, Vermont rests at an elevation level of 95 feet above sea level. This point is located in Lake Champlain.