Brownsville, Texas Population 2022

189,082
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Brownsville is a city located in Cameron County Texas. It is also the county seat of Cameron County. With a 2020 population of 189,082, it is the 18th largest city in Texas and the 141st largest city in the United States. Brownsville is currently growing at a rate of 0.62% annually and its population has increased by 1.26% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 186,738 in 2020. Spanning over 146 miles, Brownsville has a population density of 1,429 people per square mile.

The average household income in Brownsville is $53,996 with a poverty rate of 27.46%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $754 per month, and the median house value is $92,400. The median age in Brownsville is 30.6 years, 27.8 years for males, and 33.5 years for females.

Brownsville is located in Cameron County, Texas in South Texas near the Mexican border. The city is part of the cross-border Brownsville-Metamoros conurbation which has an estimated population of 1.13 million. Brownsville is one of the most southern cities in the United States.

Diversity

Brownsville has one of the highest shares of Hispanic residents in the United States. The Pew Research Center reports that metro Brownsville has about 373,000 Hispanic residents or almost 89% of its population which ranks 28th in the country. Almost 97% of Hispanic residents in Brownsville are Mexican and 0.8% are Puerto Rican. About 30% of people in Brownsville were born outside of the U.S.

Brownsville has one of the country's highest poverty rates with a median household income of $24,500. Nearly 36% of the population and 32% of families live below the federal poverty line. This includes almost half of people under 18. This makes Brownsville the second poorest urban area in the United States after the McAllen metro area.

Population Growth

Brownsville remains the most populous city in the Rio Grande Valley and its population more than doubled from 85,000 in 1980 to 175,000 in 2010. The city is now working on a comprehensive housing program to address its massively growing population. By 2030, Brownsville is expected to add another 10,000 people.

In its early history in the 18th century when the land was owned by Spain, the area of Brownsville was used for ranching. It had just a few settlers when Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836.

Brownsville was founded by an entrepreneur named Charles Stillman in 1848 after he founded a nearby river boat company. The city is named for Major Jacob Brown, an Army soldier who fought in the Mexican-American War. In 1848, Brownsville became part of Texas and the city was incorporated two years later. Brownsville played a major role in many historical events, including the Battle of Brownsville during the American Civil War and the Mexican-American War and Texas Revolution.

Brownsville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Brownsvillewas:

  • White: 85.21%
  • Two or more races: 10.43%
  • Other race: 3.27%
  • Asian: 0.62%
  • Black or African American: 0.38%
  • Native American: 0.07%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Brownsville, Texas is 189,082 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 186,738.

Brownsville, Texas Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010407,6300.00%
2011413,2015,5711.35%
2012415,8772,6760.64%
2013417,3571,4800.35%
2014419,0051,6480.39%
2015419,4504450.11%
2016421,3501,9000.45%
2017422,2278770.21%
2018422,139-88-0.02%
2019423,1631,0240.24%
2020424,1871,0240.24%
2021425,2111,0240.24%

Brownsville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White155,28385.21%
Black or African American6970.38%
American Indian and Alaska Native1320.07%
Asian1,1340.62%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander170.01%
Some Other Race5,9593.27%
Two or More Races19,00810.43%
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Brownsville Population by Race

Brownsville Population Pyramid 2022

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Brownsville Median Age

30.9


Total

28.5


Male

33.6


Female

Brownsville Adults

There are 128,332 adults, (22,630 of whom are seniors) in Brownsville.

Brownsville Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

51

Child Dependency Ratio

Brownsville Sex Ratio

Female

94,713

51.97%

Male

87,517

48.03%

Brownsville Population by Age

Brownsville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Brownsville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.2%28.8%
All60.4%39.6%
Male58.4%41.6%
Non Family50.2%49.8%
Female46.1%53.9%

60.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Brownsville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All53,5063.3860.4
Married26,8354.0971.2
Male3,8423.6158.4
Female11,5633.8246.1
Non Family11,2661.1650.2

3.91

Average Family Size

3.38

Average Household Size

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Brownsville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,11019.13%
9th to 12th Grade15,30214.55%
High School Graduate25,08623.86%
Some College17,07216.24%
Associates Degree6,8216.49%
Bachelors Degree15,00714.27%
Graduate Degree5,7525.47%
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Brownsville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Brownsville Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian877709437
White6,6675,9172,226
Black360303116
2+ Races11,1297,8672,590
Hispanic97,01562,55217,912
Other Race3,7812,127415
Native American1301007
Islander1111

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.83%.

Brownsville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,267$30,723$22,375
Less Than 9th Grade$18,172$23,680$14,418
High School Graduate$22,453$25,760$19,985
Some College$28,080$33,201$25,124
Bachelors Degree$42,385$47,206$40,374
Graduate Degree$54,130$64,292$51,509

$26,267

Average Earnings

$30,723

Average Male

$22,375

Average Female

Brownsville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Brownsville Language by Age

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Brownsville Language

14.49% of Brownsville residents speak only English, while 85.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 84.72% of the population.

Brownsville Language

Brownsville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic170,26048,24828.34%
Multiple18,9094,02221.27%
Black5579817.59%
Native1321712.88%
White8,5411,06412.46%
Asian1,134736.44%
Other2,223NaN%

27.46%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.55%

Male Poverty Rate

29.22%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Brownsville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Brownsville is Hispanic, with 28.34% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Brownsville is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 8.20%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.10%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.40%.

Brownsville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.89%
High School24.37%
Some College12.45%
Bachelors or Greater8.98%

Brownsville Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed12.93%
Male Unemployed19.25%
Female Employed15.11%
Female Unemployed34.22%

Brownsville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Brownsville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$40,924$54,639
Families$45,998$59,487
Married Families$56,110$68,867
Non Families$17,690$32,430
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Income by Household Type

Brownsville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

47.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.1%

Male Marriage Rate

43.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Brownsville Married by Age and Sex

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Brownsville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Brownsville Marital Status by Race

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Brownsville Marital Status

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3,438

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War856
First Gulf War908
Vietnam1,103
Korea186
World War II43

Brownsville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34409
35 to 541,074
55 to 64469
65 to 74879
75+607

Brownsville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,1452.89%
Black5812.98%
Native American2015.15%
Asian111.03%
Other Race701.65%
2+ Races1340.99%
Hispanic2,2351.88%

Brownsville Veterans by Race

Brownsville Veterans by Education

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9.09%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.58%

Veteran Disability Rate

Brownsville Veterans by Education

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56.7%

Labor Force Participation

53.2%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Brownsville Employment by Age

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Brownsville Employment by Race

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Brownsville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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63.66%

Born in Brownsville

71.97%

Native Born

28.03%

Foreign Born

18.03%

Non Citizen

9.99%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

71.97% of Brownsville residents were born in the United States, with 63.66% having been born in Texas. 18.03% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Brownsville Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18602,7340.00%
18704,9052,1716.02%
18804,938330.07%
18906,1341,1962.19%
19006,3051710.28%
191010,5174,2125.25%
192011,7911,2741.15%
193022,02110,2306.45%
194022,083620.03%
195036,06613,9835.03%
196048,04011,9742.91%
197052,5224,4820.90%
198084,99732,4754.93%
199098,96213,9651.53%
2000139,72240,7603.51%
2010175,02335,3012.28%
2011176,1951,1720.67%
2012177,3671,1720.67%
2013178,5391,1720.66%
2014179,7111,1720.66%
2015180,8831,1720.65%
2016182,0551,1720.65%
2017183,2271,1720.64%
2018184,3991,1720.64%
2019185,5711,1720.64%
2020186,7381,1670.63%
2021187,9101,1720.63%
2022189,0821,1720.62%

Brownsville Population by Year