Brownsville, Texas Population 2021

183,677
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Brownsville is a city located in Cameron County Texas. It is also the county seat of Cameron County. With a 2020 population of 183,677, it is the 18th largest city in Texas and the 140th largest city in the United States . Brownsville is currently growing at a rate of 0.24% annually and its population has increased by 4.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 175,023 in 2010. Brownsville reached it's highest population of 183,677 in 2021. Spanning over 146 miles, Brownsville has a population density of 1,388 people per square mile.

The average household income in Brownsville is $53,996 with a poverty rate of 29.30%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $736 per month, and the median house value is $90,000. The median age in Brownsville is 30.6 years, 27.8 years for males, and 33.5 years for females.

Brownsville is located in Cameron County, Texas in South Texas near the Mexican border. The city is part of the cross-border Brownsville-Metamoros conurbation which has an estimated population of 1.13 million. Brownsville is one of the most southern cities in the United States.

Diversity

Brownsville has one of the highest shares of Hispanic residents in the United States. The Pew Research Center reports that metro Brownsville has about 373,000 Hispanic residents or almost 89% of its population which ranks 28th in the country. Almost 97% of Hispanic residents in Brownsville are Mexican and 0.8% are Puerto Rican. About 30% of people in Brownsville were born outside of the U.S.

Brownsville has one of the country's highest poverty rates with a median household income of $24,500. Nearly 36% of the population and 32% of families live below the federal poverty line. This includes almost half of people under 18. This makes Brownsville the second poorest urban area in the United States after the McAllen metro area.

Population Growth

Brownsville remains the most populous city in the Rio Grande Valley and its population more than doubled from 85,000 in 1980 to 175,000 in 2010. The city is now working on a comprehensive housing program to address its massively growing population. By 2030, Brownsville is expected to add another 10,000 people.

In its early history in the 18th century when the land was owned by Spain, the area of Brownsville was used for ranching. It had just a few settlers when Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836.

Brownsville was founded by an entrepreneur named Charles Stillman in 1848 after he founded a nearby river boat company. The city is named for Major Jacob Brown, an Army soldier who fought in the Mexican-American War. In 1848, Brownsville became part of Texas and the city was incorporated two years later. Brownsville played a major role in many historical events, including the Battle of Brownsville during the American Civil War and the Mexican-American War and Texas Revolution.

Brownsville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Brownsville was:

  • White: 95.54%
  • Other race: 2.49%
  • Asian: 0.62%
  • Black or African American: 0.57%
  • Two or more races: 0.55%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Brownsville, Texas is 183,677 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 182,333.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 175,023.

Brownsville, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021425,2111,0240.24%
2020424,1871,0240.24%
2019423,1631,0240.24%
2018422,139-88-0.02%
2017422,2278770.21%
2016421,3501,9000.45%
2015419,4504450.11%
2014419,0051,6480.39%
2013417,3571,4800.35%
2012415,8772,6760.64%
2011413,2015,5711.35%
2010407,6300.00%

Brownsville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White174,14895.54%
Some Other Race4,5442.49%
Asian1,1240.62%
Black or African American1,0460.57%
Two or More Races9960.55%
American Indian and Alaska Native3740.21%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander390.02%
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Brownsville Population by Race

Brownsville Population Pyramid $2021

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Brownsville Median Age

30.6


Total

27.8


Male

33.5


Female

Brownsville Adults

There are 126,865 adults, (21,873 of whom are seniors) in Brownsville.

Brownsville Age Dependency

73.6

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

52.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Brownsville Sex Ratio

Female

94,301

51.74%

Male

87,970

48.26%

Brownsville Population by Age

Brownsville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Brownsville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.1%27.9%
All60.7%39.3%
Male55.6%44.4%
Non Family49.1%50.9%
Female45.2%54.8%

60.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Brownsville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All52,1623.4760.7
Married27,3584.0972.1
Female11,7913.8645.2
Non Family9,6691.1349.1
Male3,3443.7755.6

3.94

Average Family Size

3.47

Average Household Size

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Brownsville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade21,08920.16%
9th to 12th Grade15,07814.41%
High School Graduate25,04923.95%
Some College16,56715.84%
Associates Degree7,0796.77%
Bachelors Degree14,35213.72%
Graduate Degree5,3935.16%
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Brownsville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Brownsville Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic96,39761,23217,152
White6,7115,9652,153
Other Race2,8811,901399
Asian800575291
2+ Races47735673
Black469400188
Native American3682748
Islander1616

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 40.09%.

Brownsville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$25,532$30,049$21,399
Less Than 9th Grade$17,539$22,804$14,371
High School Graduate$22,196$25,817$19,070
Some College$26,808$31,826$23,105
Bachelors Degree$41,708$47,809$38,628
Graduate Degree$57,837$63,526$54,518

$25,532

Average Earnings

$30,049

Average Male

$21,399

Average Female

Brownsville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Brownsville Language by Age

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Brownsville Language

14.28% of Brownsville residents speak only English, while 85.72% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 84.76% of the population.

Brownsville Language

Brownsville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic169,56351,44030.34%
White8,8271,20313.63%
Other4,4761,00222.39%
Multiple98737337.79%
Black91016618.24%
Asian1,124635.60%
Native374359.36%

29.30%

Overall Poverty Rate

27.46%

Male Poverty Rate

31.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Brownsville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Brownsville is Multiple, with 37.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Brownsville is Asian, with 5.60% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 9.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.44%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.06%.

Brownsville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.31%
High School25.75%
Some College14.80%
Bachelors or Greater8.47%

Brownsville Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed39.55%
Male Unemployed23.90%
Female Employed15.97%
Male Employed14.31%

Brownsville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Brownsville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$38,588$53,996
Families$43,704$58,843
Married Families$54,333$69,024
Non Families$17,066$29,256
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Income by Household Type

Brownsville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

48.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.3%

Male Marriage Rate

45.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Brownsville Married by Age and Sex

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Brownsville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Brownsville Marital Status by Race

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Brownsville Marital Status

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3,595

Number of Veterans

3,324

Male Veterans

271

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,283
First Gulf War901
Second Gulf War742
Korea255
World War II85

Brownsville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,013
65 to 74969
75+757
55 to 64543
18 to 34313

Brownsville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,3742.79%
Hispanic2,4542.09%
Other Race872.57%
Black609.69%
2+ Races438.01%
Native American246.42%
Asian70.67%

Brownsville Veterans by Race

Brownsville Veterans by Education

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10.13%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.99%

Veteran Disability Rate

Brownsville Veterans by Education

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56.4%

Labor Force Participation

52.9%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Brownsville Employment by Age

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Brownsville Employment by Race

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Brownsville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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63.66%

Born in Brownsville

71.42%

Native Born

28.58%

Foreign Born

18.77%

Non Citizen

9.81%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

71.42% of Brownsville residents were born in the United States, with 63.66% having been born in Texas. 18.77% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Brownsville Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021183,6774480.24%
2020183,2294480.25%
2019182,7814480.25%
2018182,333-51-0.03%
2017182,384730.04%
2016182,3117830.43%
2015181,528-128-0.07%
2014181,6561,0080.56%
2013180,6489960.55%
2012179,6521,4980.84%
2011178,1542,7921.59%
2010175,36235,6402.30%
2000139,72240,7603.51%
199098,96213,9651.53%
198084,99732,4754.93%
197052,5224,4820.90%
196048,04011,9742.91%
195036,06613,9835.03%
194022,083620.03%
193022,02110,2306.45%
192011,7911,2741.15%
191010,5174,2125.25%
19006,3051710.28%
18906,1341,1962.19%
18804,938330.07%
18704,9052,1716.02%
18602,7340.00%

Brownsville Population by Year