Denver, Colorado Population 2021

749,103
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Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital of Colorado and the largest city in the state. Denver is also the most populous city within a 500-mile radius.

Denver is a rapidly growing area. According to the Census Bureau, it ranks 11th on the list of cities in the country with the most significant addition of residents, adding nearly 15,000 people between 2011 and 2012. The state of Colorado is the second fastest growing state in the US, driven in large part by growth in the Denver metro area.

While the 2016 population is estimated at over 680,000, the metropolitan area is much larger. The 10-county Denver-Aurora-Broomfield Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population of 2.8 million, making it the 21st most populous MSA in the country. The 12-county Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area, meanwhile, had a population of 3.15 million in 2013.

Denver Diversity and Age Statistics

The most common ancestry groups in Denver are Mexican (31.2%), German (14.6%), Irish (9.7%), English (8.9%) and Italian (4.0%). 23.5% of Denver's population speaks Spanish at home.

Denver Population Growth

Denver has led Colorado in population growth for four years in a row, according to the Census Bureau. Denver is both the fastest growing city and county in the state, with a growth rate of 2.42% from 2011 to 2012.

The city-county's growth is attributed to the ongoing development of areas like Stapleton, the buildout of the area's few remaining greenfield areas and a great deal of densification in the urban area. Denver is now the fastest growing city in the United States overall, and also first among large metro areas for population gain in the 25-34-year age group.

A 2013 economic forecast for metro Denver shows net migration in 2013 of close to 17,000, with an employment growth rate of 2.0%. Denver will continue to remain an attractive area to new residents through migration, and it's estimated the city will reach 700,000 and beyond by 2020.

The wider metro area is projected to reach 4.1 million by 2040, according to projections from the state demographer.

Denver City was founded in 1858 as a mining town during the peak of a Gold Rush in the area. Earlier in the year, gold prospectors arrived from Kansas and established Montana City along the South Platte River, which later became the city of Denver. This first settlement was abandoned by 1859 in favor of Auraria and nearby St. Charles City.

General William Larimer, a land speculator, staked a claim on the bluff overlooking the river across the creek from Auraria in 1858, naming the town site Denver City in an attempt to curry favor with Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver, although he didn't realize the governor had already resigned. Parcels of land were sold to miners and merchants, and Denver City became a frontier town with an economy centered on livestock, saloons, and gambling.

By 1861, the Colorado Territory was created, followed by Arapahoe County and the incorporation of Denver City a week later. Denver City became the Territorial Capital 6 years later, and its name was shortened to Denver given its importance.

Denver was finally linked to the rest of the country by railway in 1870, and its population grew as millionaires and those in poverty both made the city their home. Between 1870 and 1880, the population increased 648.7%, followed by almost 200% growth in the next decade. While its growth has slowed, it has continued to grow in both importance and size through the 20th and 21st century.

Denver Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Denver was:

  • White: 76.11%
  • Black or African American: 9.24%
  • Other race: 6.13%
  • Two or more races: 3.78%
  • Asian: 3.71%
  • Native American: 0.87%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
The current population of Denver, Colorado is 749,103based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 716,265.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 600,158.

Denver, Colorado Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20213,038,39035,5801.17%
20203,002,81035,5701.18%
20192,967,24035,5801.20%
20182,931,66039,8801.36%
20172,891,78035,0201.21%
20162,856,76043,8601.54%
20152,812,90058,9302.09%
20142,753,97053,4401.94%
20132,700,53050,2601.86%
20122,650,27047,3501.79%
20112,602,92048,4001.86%
20102,554,5200.00%

Denver Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White537,02976.11%
Black or African American65,2159.24%
Some Other Race43,2206.13%
Two or More Races26,6363.78%
Asian26,1563.71%
American Indian and Alaska Native6,1440.87%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,1760.17%
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Denver Population By Race

Denver Population Pyramid 2021

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Denver Median Age

34.5


Total

34.3


Male

34.7


Female

Denver Adults

There are 565,889 adults, (81,488 of whom are seniors) in Denver.

Denver Age Dependency

45.7

Age Dependency Ratio

16.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Denver Sex Ratio

Mujer

352,265

49.93%

Masculino

353,311

50.07%

Denver Population by Age

Denver Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Denver Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.6%28.4%
All49.9%50.1%
Masculino49.6%50.4%
Mujer41.9%58.1%
Non Family36.8%63.2%

49.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Denver Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All301,5012.2949.9
Non Family155,4311.3836.8
Married104,2663.2271.6
Mujer28,2423.441.9
Masculino13,5623.3549.6

3.17

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

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Denver Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade29,4235.78%
9th to 12th Grade31,5156.19%
High School Graduate85,69416.85%
Some College83,79916.47%
Associates Degree26,7885.27%
Bachelors Degree153,50230.17%
Graduate Degree97,99719.26%
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Denver Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Denver Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White311,062302,892204,467
Hispanic122,48779,26319,497
Black43,59737,87210,747
Other Race26,32015,1853,520
Asian19,22216,02710,365
2+ Races14,02813,0077,446
Native American4,4663,639777
Islander698632322

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 65.73%.

Denver Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$47,869$52,072$42,622
Less Than 9th Grade$26,418$31,406$18,926
High School Graduate$31,681$34,272$28,173
Some College$39,373$43,850$32,786
Bachelors Degree$57,545$64,795$51,357
Graduate Degree$72,455$88,464$61,895

$47,869

Average Earnings

$52,072

Average Male

$42,622

Average Female

Denver Earnings by Educational Attainment

Denver Language by Age

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Denver Language

74.46% of Denver residents speak only English, while 25.54% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.15% of the population.

Denver Language

Denver Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic208,31336,47717.51%
White375,24630,8638.22%
Black63,66415,29824.03%
Other42,8756,76115.77%
Asian25,8623,85114.89%
Multiple26,2503,55213.53%
Native5,8271,42824.51%
Islander1,176776.55%

12.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.92%

Male Poverty Rate

13.81%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Denver

The race most likely to be in poverty in Denver is Native, with 24.51% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Denver is Islander, with 6.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.26%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.53%.

Denver Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade22.74%
High School15.46%
Some College12.22%
Bachelors or Greater4.88%

Denver Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed37.75%
Female Unemployed31.75%
Female Employed6.89%
Male Employed4.86%

Denver Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Denver Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$68,592$99,151
Families$87,649$124,606
Married Families$108,981$147,834
Non Families$53,484$72,880
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Income by Household Type

Denver Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.8%

Male Marriage Rate

39.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Denver Married by Age and Sex

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Denver Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Denver Marital Status by Race

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Denver Marital Status

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29,379

Number of Veterans

26,376

Male Veterans

3,003

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam10,323
Second Gulf War6,756
First Gulf War5,690
Korea2,077
World War II1,066

Denver Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 747,237
35 to 547,066
75+6,617
55 to 644,986
18 to 343,473

Denver Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White22,6675.14%
Hispanic4,2462.92%
Black3,9257.93%
Other Race9783.13%
2+ Races9025.44%
Asian5132.37%
Native American2254.58%
Islander16920.84%

Denver Veterans by Race

Denver Veterans by Education

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8.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Denver Veterans by Education

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72.3%

Labor Force Participation

69.5%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Denver Employment by Age

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Denver Employment by Race

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Denver Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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39.94%

Born in Denver

85.03%

Native Born

14.97%

Foreign Born

9.18%

Non Citizen

5.79%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

85.03% of Denver residents were born in the United States, with 39.94% having been born in Colorado. 9.18% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Denver Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021749,10310,9461.48%
2020738,15710,9461.51%
2019727,21110,9461.53%
2018716,26511,3041.60%
2017704,9618,8021.26%
2016696,15912,8741.88%
2015683,28518,7032.81%
2014664,58215,1912.34%
2013649,39114,2282.24%
2012635,16314,6332.36%
2011620,53017,1712.85%
2010603,35948,7230.85%
2000554,63687,0261.72%
1990467,610-25,076-0.52%
1980492,686-21,992-0.44%
1970514,67820,7910.41%
1960493,88778,1011.74%
1950415,78693,3742.58%
1940322,41234,5511.14%
1930287,86131,3701.16%
1920256,49143,1101.86%
1910213,38179,5224.77%
1900133,85927,1462.29%
1890106,71371,08411.59%
188035,62930,87022.30%
18704,759100.02%
18604,7490.00%

Denver Population by Year