El Paso, Texas Population 2023

687,722

El Paso is a city located in El Paso County Texas. It is also the county seat of El Paso County. With a 2023 population of 687,722, it is the 6th largest city in Texas and the 24th largest city in the United States.El Paso is currently growing at a rate of 0.43% annually and its population has increased by 1.31% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 678,815 in 2020. Spanning over 258 miles, El Paso has a population density of 2,672 people per square mile.

The average household income in El Paso is $64,025 with a poverty rate of 23.97%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in El Paso is 33 years, 31.1 years for males, and 34.9 years for females.

The estimated population of El Paso gives it a population density of 2,500 people per square mile (980/square mile). The larger metropolitan area, covering all of Hudspeth and El Paso counties, has a population of 837,000 while the El Paso-Las Cruces CSA has a population of 1.05 million. Juarez, Mexico, and El Paso form a broad international metropolitan area often called the Paso del Norte or the El Paso-Juarez-Las Cruces with more than 2.7 million residents. This constitutes the Western Hemisphere's largest bilingual, binational work force.

El Paso has been ranked as one of the top three safest large U.S. cities since 1997 and the safest for the last three years. The city is known for its strong military presence, including Biggs Army Airfield and Fort Bliss -- one of the largest U.S. Army military complexes and the country's largest training area. El Paso is also the headquarters for the U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group, the Joint Task Force North, and the El Paso Intelligence Center.

El Paso Population Growth

While the Texas population grew by 20% from 2000 to 2010, El Paso grew by 15% during the same period. A great deal of the growth is attributed to people leaving the fringe communities and moving into the large urban center of El Paso. The increase in the Hispanic population is attributed to immigration and high fertility rates. It's believed Hispanics and Latinos will have an 85% share of the population by 2020, although the military presence and university will maintain diversity in the city.

The El Paso area has been inhabited for thousands of years, initially by maize farmers. When the Spanish arrived, the Suma, Manso, and Jumano people lived in the area and were incorporated later into the Mestizo culture with immigrants from other parts of Texas.

Spanish explorer Don Juan de Onate was the first New Spain or Mexican explorer to see the Rio Grande near El Paso, celebrating Thanksgiving Mass in the area in 1598, which was decades before the famous Pilgrims' Thanksgiving.

Fray Garcia de San Francisco established the Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission of El Paso del Norte in 1659. It was the construction of this mission that allowed the village of El Paso del Norte to grow.

The Texas Revolution in 1836 did not affect the area much, although Texas claimed the El Paso area as part of a treaty with Mexico. The village of El Paso remained a self-governing community with Texan and Mexican representatives until Texas took full control in 1846. Americans continued settling in the area during this time.

The city of El Paso experienced a booming population when the railroads arrived, with the population exploding by more than 9,000 between 1881 and 1890. Most were Americans from Texas. The city became a violent boomtown called the Six Shooter Capital with gambling and prostitution flourishing until WWI when the Army pressured authorities to crack down on the city's vices.

By 1920, the population was more than 100,000 with a white majority. It wasn't until 1965 that Hispanics once more claimed a majority in the city.

The first bridge crossing the Rio Grande at El Paso del Norte was constructed more than 250 years ago. There are now several bridges serving the area, including the Santa Fe Street Bridge, the Bridge of the Americas, and the Ysleta Bridge.

El Paso Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Paso was:

  • White: 69.64%
  • Other race: 12.53%
  • Two or more races: 12.29%
  • Black or African American: 3.43%
  • Asian: 1.41%
  • Native American: 0.52%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
The current population of El Paso, Texas is 687,722 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 678,815.

El Paso, Texas Population 2023

El Paso Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

White

Other race

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

El Paso Population by Race

El Paso Population Pyramid 2023

El Paso Median Age

33

Total

31.1

Male

34.9

Female

El Paso Adults

There are 498,859 adults, (87,804 of whom are seniors) in El Paso.

El Paso Age Dependency

65.4

Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44

Child Dependency Ratio

El Paso Sex Ratio

Female346,59350.98%
Male333,28649.02%

El Paso Population by Age

El Paso Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.56

Average Family Size

2.92

Average Household Size

59.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

El Paso Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

El Paso Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

El Paso Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 80.98%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 45.46%.

El Paso Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$31,727

Average Earnings

$37,126

Average Male

$26,645

Average Female

El Paso Earnings by Educational Attainment

El Paso Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

El Paso Language

32.19% of El Paso residents speak only English, while 67.81% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 65.71% of the population.

El Paso Language

El Paso Poverty by Race

rate

23.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.06%

Male Poverty Rate

20.52%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Paso

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Paso is Islander, with 63.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Paso is White, with 13.39% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.4%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.03%.

El Paso Poverty

El Paso Poverty Rate by Education

El Paso Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

El Paso Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

El Paso Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

44.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.6%

Male Marriage Rate

42.1%

Female Marriage Rate

El Paso Married by Age and Sex

male

female

El Paso Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

El Paso Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

El Paso Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

41,084

Number of Veterans

36,222

Male Veterans

4,862

Female Veterans

El Paso Veterans by War

El Paso Veterans by Age

count

El Paso Veterans by Race

El Paso Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

7.24%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Paso Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

62.2%

Labor Force Participation

56.5%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

El Paso Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

El Paso Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

El Paso Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

58.73%

Born in El Paso

77.17%

Native Born

22.99%

Foreign Born

11.09%

Non Citizen

11.9%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

77.17% of El Paso residents were born in the United States, with 58.73% having been born in Texas. 11.09% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

El Paso Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

El Paso Population by Year