El Paso, Texas Population 2021

685,434
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El Paso is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 685,434, it is the 6th largest city in Texas and the 22nd largest city in the United States. El Paso is currently growing at a rate of 0.27% annually and its population has increased by 5.59% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 649,121 in 2010. El Paso reached it's highest population of 685,434 in 2021. Spanning over 258 miles, El Paso has a population density of 2,663 people per square mile.

The average household income in El Paso is $64,025 with a poverty rate of 19.09%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $837 per month, and the median house value is $127,400. The median age in El Paso is 32.9 years, 31.1 years for males, and 35.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.0 males.

The estimated population of El Paso gives it a population density of 2,500 people per square mile (980/square mile). The larger metropolitan area, covering all of Hudspeth and El Paso counties, has a population of 837,000 while the El Paso-Las Cruces CSA has a population of 1.05 million. Juarez, Mexico, and El Paso form a broad international metropolitan area often called the Paso del Norte or the El Paso-Juarez-Las Cruces with more than 2.7 million residents. This constitutes the Western Hemisphere's largest bilingual, binational work force.

El Paso has been ranked as one of the top three safest large U.S. cities since 1997 and the safest for the last three years. The city is known for its strong military presence, including Biggs Army Airfield and Fort Bliss -- one of the largest U.S. Army military complexes and the country's largest training area. El Paso is also the headquarters for the U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group, the Joint Task Force North, and the El Paso Intelligence Center.

El Paso Population Growth

While the Texas population grew by 20% from 2000 to 2010, El Paso grew by 15% during the same period. A great deal of the growth is attributed to people leaving the fringe communities and moving into the large urban center of El Paso. The increase in the Hispanic population is attributed to immigration and high fertility rates. It's believed Hispanics and Latinos will have an 85% share of the population by 2020, although the military presence and university will maintain diversity in the city.

The El Paso area has been inhabited for thousands of years, initially by maize farmers. When the Spanish arrived, the Suma, Manso, and Jumano people lived in the area and were incorporated later into the Mestizo culture with immigrants from other parts of Texas.

Spanish explorer Don Juan de Onate was the first New Spain or Mexican explorer to see the Rio Grande near El Paso, celebrating Thanksgiving Mass in the area in 1598, which was decades before the famous Pilgrims' Thanksgiving.

Fray Garcia de San Francisco established the Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission of El Paso del Norte in 1659. It was the construction of this mission that allowed the village of El Paso del Norte to grow.

The Texas Revolution in 1836 did not affect the area much, although Texas claimed the El Paso area as part of a treaty with Mexico. The village of El Paso remained a self-governing community with Texan and Mexican representatives until Texas took full control in 1846. Americans continued settling in the area during this time.

The city of El Paso experienced a booming population when the railroads arrived, with the population exploding by more than 9,000 between 1881 and 1890. Most were Americans from Texas. The city became a violent boomtown called the Six Shooter Capital with gambling and prostitution flourishing until WWI when the Army pressured authorities to crack down on the city's vices.

By 1920, the population was more than 100,000 with a white majority. It wasn't until 1965 that Hispanics once more claimed a majority in the city.

The first bridge crossing the Rio Grande at El Paso del Norte was constructed more than 250 years ago. There are now several bridges serving the area, including the Santa Fe Street Bridge, the Bridge of the Americas, and the Ysleta Bridge.

El Paso Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Paso was:

  • White: 80.07%
  • Other race: 11.40%
  • Black or African American: 3.63%
  • Two or more races: 2.73%
  • Asian: 1.44%
  • Native American: 0.57%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.16%
The current population of El Paso, Texas is 685,434, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 679,875.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 649,121.

El Paso, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021849,1462,5110.30%
2020846,6352,5110.30%
2019844,1242,5110.30%
2018841,613-392-0.05%
2017842,0052,8020.33%
2016839,2033,7640.45%
2015835,439-1,650-0.20%
2014837,0892,8860.34%
2013834,203-1,464-0.18%
2012835,66712,3591.48%
2011823,30816,2601.97%
2010807,0480.00%

El Paso Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White544,35380.07%
Some Other Race77,47611.40%
Black or African American24,6443.63%
Two or More Races18,5702.73%
Asian9,7881.44%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,8970.57%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,0850.16%
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El Paso Population by Race

El Paso Population Pyramid 2021

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El Paso Median Age

32.9


Total

31.1


Male

35.1


Female

El Paso Adults

There are 498,519 adults, (86,031 of whom are seniors) in El Paso.

El Paso Age Dependency

64.8

Age Dependency Ratio

20.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44

Child Dependency Ratio

El Paso Sex Ratio

Female

346,896

51.03%

Male

332,917

48.97%

El Paso Population by Age

El Paso Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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El Paso Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.1%28.9%
All58.9%41.1%
Male56.2%43.8%
Female49.7%50.3%
Non Family45.6%54.4%

58.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

El Paso Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All226,7872.9758.9
Married105,2073.7271.1
Non Family65,9961.1845.6
Female41,7833.7249.7
Male13,8013.5156.2

3.62

Average Family Size

2.97

Average Household Size

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El Paso Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade47,99811.35%
9th to 12th Grade35,3408.36%
High School Graduate97,43323.05%
Some College101,33423.97%
Associates Degree34,6258.19%
Bachelors Degree70,71016.73%
Graduate Degree35,3388.36%
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El Paso Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

El Paso Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic335,351256,18969,506
White62,15359,41526,922
Other Race48,40632,1917,014
Black15,26814,6134,663
Multiple Races8,1737,3212,333
Asian6,8466,1693,696
Native American2,5342,032509
Islander461447139

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.96%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 53.99%.

El Paso Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,358$36,824$25,748
Less Than High School$17,425$22,167$13,654
High School Grad$25,198$30,164$19,722
Some College$30,452$36,373$24,338
Bachelors Degree$47,909$53,037$43,076
Graduate Degree$61,827$72,958$56,094

$31,358

Average Earnings

$36,824

Average Male

$25,748

Average Female

El Paso Earnings by Educational Attainment

El Paso Language by Age

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El Paso Language

31.24% of El Paso residents speak only English, while 68.76% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 66.57% of the population.

El Paso Language

El Paso Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic547,712114,85020.97%
Other75,28320,32126.99%
White85,6738,93810.43%
Multiple18,1483,27018.02%
Black23,7712,50910.55%
Asian9,6871,22212.61%
Native3,82276019.88%
Islander1,08564559.45%

19.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.11%

Male Poverty Rate

20.98%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Paso

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Paso is Islander, with 59.45% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Paso is White, with 10.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.72%.

El Paso Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.71%
High School17.52%
Some College11.99%
Bachelors or Greater5.59%

El Paso Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.88%
Male Unemployed31.19%
Female Employed11.72%
Male Employed8.09%

El Paso Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

El Paso Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$47,568$64,025
Families$53,948$71,421
Married Families$66,179$84,452
Non Families$28,568$42,278
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Income by Household Type

El Paso Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.0%

Male Marriage Rate

42.2%

Female Marriage Rate

El Paso Married by Age and Sex

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El Paso Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

El Paso Marital Status by Race

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El Paso Marital Status

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42,828

Number of Veterans

37,605

Male Veterans

5,223

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War17,256
First Gulf War12,164
Vietnam10,990
Korea2,156
World War II742

El Paso Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5413,347
18 to 348,713
65 to 747,837
55 to 646,921
75+6,010

El Paso Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White33,0238.39%
Hispanic22,1915.62%
Black5,78536.63%
Other1,9033.34%
2 or More1,20711.87%
Asian5367.29%
Indian35112.59%
Hawaiian233.07%

El Paso Veterans by Race

El Paso Veterans by Education

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6.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Paso Veterans by Education

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62.3%

Labor Force Participation

56.4%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

El Paso Employment by Age

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El Paso Employment by Race

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El Paso Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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58.10%

Born in Texas

76.87%

Native Born

23.13%

Foreign Born

11.70%

Non Citizen

11.43%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

76.87% of El Paso residents were born in the United States, with 58.10% having been born in Texas. 11.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

El Paso Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021685,4341,8530.27%
2020683,5811,8530.27%
2019681,7281,8530.27%
2018679,875-1,468-0.22%
2017681,3431,3880.20%
2016679,9553,7130.55%
2015676,242-993-0.15%
2014677,2352,4270.36%
2013674,808-133-0.02%
2012674,94110,5371.59%
2011664,40413,7332.11%
2010650,67187,0091.45%
2000563,66248,3200.90%
1990515,34290,0831.94%
1980425,259102,9982.81%
1970322,26145,5741.54%
1960276,687146,2027.81%
1950130,48533,6753.03%
194096,810-5,611-0.56%
1930102,42124,8612.82%
192077,56038,2817.04%
191039,27923,3739.46%
190015,9065,5684.40%
189010,3389,63830.90%
18807000.00%

El Paso Population by Year