Irvine is a city located in Orange County California. Irvine has a 2023 population of 314,384. Irvine is currently growing at a rate of 0.86% annually and its population has increased by 2.61% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 306,389 in 2020.
The average household income in Irvine is $146,465 with a poverty rate of 12.26%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Irvine is 33.8 years, 33.3 years for males, and 34.5 years for females.
Irvine is a planned city that was developed during the 1960s in Orange County.
The city has been named as one of the best places to live in the United States. It has also been ranked multiple times as one of the country’s safest cities. It has also been named as one of the happiest places to live in the US. The city is home to many international company headquarters, including Mazda, Samsung, Toshiba, Kia, and Asics.
The city of Irvine's population grew substantially as city planning was underway. At the time of the 1970 census, the community was just over 10,000. This increased to over 62,000 over the next ten years. In its short history, it continues to grow at a rapid rate, most recently growing by over 25% between the 2010 census and estimates taken in 2016. The educational and employment opportunities offered by this planned city are just a few of the contributing factors to expected future population growth.
Irvine was first inhabited approximately 2,0000 years ago. It was settled by Europeans in 1769 and was used for private use and missions. The Irvine Ranch, as it was known, was parceled out by the Mexican government following Mexico’s independence from Spain in 1821. In 1864, 50,000 acres of the land was sold to a group of men including James Irvine. The group also purchased a 47,000-acre parcel. Irvine then bought out his partners and owned 110,000 acres of land. After his death, Irvine’s son inherited the ranch and created The Irvine Company, which grew crops including olives and citrus. After James Irvine, Jr. died in the 1940s, his son took over. It was at that time that he allowed urban development to occur. After his death, the University of California purchased 1,000 acres for $1 for a new campus.
William Pereira and The Irvine Company partnered to create a planned city for 50,000 people. This new area would be known as Irvine, while the agricultural area was to be called East Irvine. In the 1970s, a vote was taken, and communities opted to create a larger city. Today, the city is divided into “villages” that are divided by streets. Each township village has a similar design and boasts commercial centers, schools, and churches. Today, Irvine is home to many higher education institutions, as well as the headquarters for many large companies in the tech and semiconductor industries.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Irvine was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 84.29%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 63.2%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
50.42% of Irvine residents speak only English, while 49.58% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 36.46% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Irvine is Black, with 15.81% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Irvine is Native, with 3.27% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.08%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.76%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Irvine
62.41% of Irvine residents were born in the United States, with 42.77% having been born in California. 19.9% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.