Lexington, Kentucky Population 2021

324,604
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Lexington is a city located in Fayette County Kentucky. With a 2020 population of 324,604, it is the 2nd largest city in Kentucky (after Louisville) and the 61st largest city in the United States . Lexington is currently growing at a rate of 0.22% annually and its population has increased by 9.74% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 295,803 in 2010. Lexington reached it's highest population of 324,604 in 2021. Spanning over 286 miles, Lexington has a population density of 1,144 people per square mile.

The average household income in Lexington is $83,111 with a poverty rate of 16.81%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $896 per month, and the median house value is $189,800. The median age in Lexington is 34.6 years, 33.5 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

Lexington is a city located in Fayette County in Kentucky. Lexington is known as “Horse Capital of the World” and the Kentucky Horse Park, The Red Mile, and Keeneland racecourses are all located in Lexington.

Lexington Diversity and Language

According to the 2010 United States census, Lexington was 75.7% white, 14.5% African American, 3.2% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.21% of other races, and 2.5% from two or more races.

According to the Lexington government, There are over 185 languages spoken in Lexington, with the top ten foreign languages being Spanish, Swahili, Arabic, Japanese, Nepali, French, Mandarin, Kinyarwanda, Korean and Portuguese in addition to the official language, English. The largest of these languages is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.2% of the population.

Lexington Population Growth

The Lexington metro area grew by 7.1% from 2010 to 2016, more than the national average growth rate of 4.5%. Lexington’s average annual growth rate is about 1.1%. According to the Census Bureau, this can be attributed to domestic migration and international immigration and a higher birth-to-death ratio.

Lexington’s population saw the largest growth from 1970 to 1980, where the population grew over 96,000 from 108,137 to 204,165.

Lexington was first founded in June of 1775 by European-American frontiersmen. Upon hearing of the news of colonist victory in the battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, the frontiersmen decided to name the land Lexington. The area of modern-day Lexington was originally considered to be part of Fincastle County, Virginia. Seventeen years later, Kentucky would become a state.

In 1780, Lexington was made the seat of the newly organized Fayette County in Virginia. The town was chartered on May 6, 1782, by the Virginia legislature. Kentucky became a state in 1790, and the first session of the Kentucky legislature was held in Lexington in 1792.

Horseracing was prohibited in Lexington until 1788, and from then on, the devotion to horse racing has remained a passion in Lexington. The American Thoroughbred Breeders Association has its headquarters in Lexington. Lexington has several horseracing and sales facilities, as well as museums of horses and the sport.

In 1865, the University of Kentucky and Lexington Theological Seminary were founded.

During the Great Depression, the Addiction Research Center (ARC) was created at the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in Lexington and was one of the first drug rehabilitation clinics in the United States.

Lexington Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Lexington was:

  • White: 74.86%
  • Black or African American: 14.61%
  • Asian: 3.75%
  • Two or more races: 3.75%
  • Other race: 2.81%
  • Native American: 0.19%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Lexington, Kentucky is 324,604 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 322,426.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 295,803.

Lexington, Kentucky Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021521,2922,1180.41%
2020519,1742,1180.41%
2019517,0562,1180.41%
2018514,9382,5570.50%
2017512,3814,9940.97%
2016507,3875,9181.17%
2015501,4696,3321.26%
2014495,1374,2310.85%
2013490,9065,6701.16%
2012485,2366,3061.30%
2011478,9305,5181.15%
2010473,4120.00%

Lexington Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White239,99674.86%
Black or African American46,84414.61%
Asian12,0283.75%
Two or More Races12,0273.75%
Some Other Race9,0152.81%
American Indian and Alaska Native6080.19%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander830.03%
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Lexington Population by Race

Lexington Population Pyramid $2021

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Lexington Median Age

34.6


Total

33.5


Male

35.6


Female

Lexington Adults

There are 253,550 adults, (41,539 of whom are seniors) in Lexington.

Lexington Age Dependency

51.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Lexington Sex Ratio

Female

163,370

50.96%

Male

157,231

49.04%

Lexington Population by Age

Lexington Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Lexington Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.5%23.5%
All54.4%45.6%
Male42%58%
Non Family39.3%60.7%
Female37%63%

54.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Lexington Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All129,7842.3754.4
Non Family55,0231.4139.3
Married53,2723.0576.5
Female15,7403.2137
Male5,7493.0942

2.99

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

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Lexington Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,7663.73%
9th to 12th Grade10,5005.04%
High School Graduate40,80219.60%
Some College42,65220.49%
Associates Degree15,5857.49%
Bachelors Degree50,71824.36%
Graduate Degree40,14919.29%
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Lexington Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Lexington Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White155,870147,39075,864
Black28,55424,3725,571
Hispanic11,6217,0892,235
Asian7,9867,2735,468
Other Race5,0212,720765
2+ Races3,8543,5581,574
Native American414313132
Islander7865

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.56%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 68.47%.

Lexington Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,119$43,556$34,014
Less Than 9th Grade$20,396$23,123$17,152
High School Graduate$26,907$30,868$22,660
Some College$32,256$37,066$29,149
Bachelors Degree$48,926$58,113$40,765
Graduate Degree$61,825$71,546$56,586

$39,119

Average Earnings

$43,556

Average Male

$34,014

Average Female

Lexington Earnings by Educational Attainment

Lexington Language by Age

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Lexington Language

86.94% of Lexington residents speak only English, while 13.06% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.26% of the population.

Lexington Language

Lexington Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White218,46127,54012.61%
Black44,50313,07329.38%
Hispanic22,4626,59829.37%
Multiple11,2933,29229.15%
Other8,8252,60829.55%
Asian11,8631,78015.00%
Native56111720.86%

16.81%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.66%

Male Poverty Rate

17.91%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Lexington

The race most likely to be in poverty in Lexington is Other, with 29.55% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Lexington is White, with 12.61% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.42%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.19%.

Lexington Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.46%
High School16.42%
Some College11.63%
Bachelors or Greater5.08%

Lexington Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed45.46%
Male Unemployed32.08%
Female Employed12.81%
Male Employed8.30%

Lexington Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Lexington Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$57,291$83,111
Families$77,010$104,539
Married Families$95,518$125,604
Non Families$37,237$51,600
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Income by Household Type

Lexington Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.4%

Male Marriage Rate

41.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Lexington Married by Age and Sex

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Lexington Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Lexington Marital Status by Race

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Lexington Marital Status

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15,468

Number of Veterans

14,275

Male Veterans

1,193

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,099
Second Gulf War3,125
First Gulf War3,123
Korea1,287
World War II531

Lexington Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,841
35 to 543,751
75+3,312
55 to 642,940
18 to 341,624

Lexington Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White12,7746.50%
Black2,1726.21%
Hispanic4403.08%
2+ Races2634.39%
Other Race1282.25%
Native American9921.90%
Asian320.33%

Lexington Veterans by Race

Lexington Veterans by Education

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7.34%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.46%

Veteran Disability Rate

Lexington Veterans by Education

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67.8%

Labor Force Participation

64.3%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Lexington Employment by Age

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Lexington Employment by Race

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Lexington Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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58.74%

Born in Lexington

90.34%

Native Born

9.66%

Foreign Born

6.79%

Non Citizen

2.88%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.34% of Lexington residents were born in the United States, with 58.74% having been born in Kentucky. 6.79% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Lexington Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021324,6047260.22%
2020323,8787260.22%
2019323,1527260.23%
2018322,4264620.14%
2017321,9642,3200.73%
2016319,6443,8251.21%
2015315,8194,0351.29%
2014311,7841,9190.62%
2013309,8653,9181.28%
2012305,9474,2511.41%
2011301,6964,8481.63%
2010296,84836,3361.31%
2000260,51235,1461.46%
1990225,36621,2010.99%
1980204,16596,0286.56%
1970108,13745,3275.58%
196062,8107,2761.24%
195055,5346,2301.20%
194049,3043,5680.75%
193045,7364,2020.97%
192041,5346,4351.70%
191035,0998,7302.90%
190026,3694,8022.03%
189021,5674,9112.62%
188016,6561,8551.19%
187014,8015,4804.73%
18609,3211,1621.34%
18508,1591,1621.55%
18406,9979711.51%
18306,0267471.33%
18205,2799532.01%
18104,3262,5269.16%
18001,8001,0008.45%
17908000.00%

Lexington Population by Year