Miami, Florida Population 2021

478,251
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Miami is a city located in Florida. With a 2020 population of 478,251, it is the 2nd largest city in Florida (after Jacksonville) and the 42nd largest city in the United States. Miami is currently growing at a rate of 1.09% annually and its population has increased by 19.73% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 399,457 in 2010. Miami reached it's highest population of 478,251 in 2021. Spanning over 56 miles, Miami has a population density of 13,286 people per square mile.

The average household income in Miami is $68,105 with a poverty rate of 23.36%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,183 per month, and the median house value is $317,700. The median age in Miami is 40.1 years, 39.1 years for males, and 41.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 98.0 males.

Miami is the county seat of Florida's Miami-Dade County and the most populous city in the Miami metropolitan area. Miami is the most populous metro region in the Southern US after Washington, D.C. It is also one of the largest urban areas in the country, and a global city with the largest concentration of international banks in the United States.

Miami is broken into several areas: the North, South, West, and Downtown. Downtown Miami, located on the eastern side, is the heart of the city and includes Brickell and the Port of Miami, which is known as the Cruise Capital of the World. It's also the central business district for all of South Florida. South Beach is located to the east across the Biscayne Bay. Northwest of Downtown is Civic Center.

Southern Miami includes Coconut Grove and Coral Way, which is a historic residential area that was constructed in 1922. Coconut Grove was established in 1822. The west side of the city includes Flagami and Little Havana, and it's home to many traditional immigrant neighborhoods from Central America and Cuba.

Miami Population and Diversity

The city proper of Miami has 1 in 13 residents of South Florida, and 52% of Miami-Dade County does not live in an incorporated city.

In 2000, the most significant ethnic/national origin in Miami was Cuban (34.1% of the population), followed by Nicaraguan (5.6%), Haitian (5.5%), Honduran (3.3%), Dominican (1.7%) and Colombian (1.6%). The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) also ranked Miami first in terms of its percentage of foreign-born residents at 59%, followed fairly far behind by Toronto at 50%.

Miami Population Growth

Miami's tremendous growth has been driven by internal migration from other areas in the country through the 1980s, along with immigration. Immigration to the city has slowed a great deal in the last decade, and now Miami's growth is due to a fast urbanization rate and high-rise construction, which has increased its population densities in inner city regions, most notably Downtown and Brickell. In one area of Downtown Miami, there was a 2,069% increase in ten years.

Nearly 32% of Metro Miami's growth in 2011 was foreign-born, and more than half went on to become US citizens. While South Florida's population has been relatively stagnant for a decade, it's starting an unexpected shift upward, with Miami-Dade's population growing 2.1% in one year. It's now the 6th fastest growing region in the United States when it didn't even make the top 50 from 2000 to 2010.

It's possible that Miami's metro population will top 7.5 million by 2040, although projections do show this population will be disproportionately older.

The Miami region was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous people of the area, most notably the Tequestas, who occupied this region for 1,000 years before Europeans arrived.

In 1566, an explorer named Pedro Menendez de Aviles claimed the area for Spain, and a mission was built just a year later. Great Britain and Spain then alternated control of Florida for years until Spain ceded it in 1821 to the United States.

The United States constructed Fort Dallas in 1836 to remove local Seminoles, and it became the first major city in the country conceived by a woman, a local citrus grower named Julia Tuttle. For much of its early history, Miami was known as Biscayne Bay Country, and it wasn't until the very end of the 19th century that its potential was seen.

Miami was incorporated in 1896 with just 300 people, but it began to attract many people from the north, and it grew massively during the 1920s. By 1940, Miami had a population of 172,000, and the wealthy Cubans who left after Fidel Castro came into power in 1959 further boosted the city's population. In just 110 years, Miami and its metropolitan region grew from 1,000 to 5.5 million, and it's been known as a popular resort destination for nearly as long.

Miami Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Miami was:

  • White: 76.11%
  • Black or African American: 16.79%
  • Other race: 3.97%
  • Two or more races: 1.74%
  • Asian: 1.13%
  • Native American: 0.24%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Miami, Florida is 478,251, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 462,819.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 399,457.

Miami, Florida Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20216,211,79022,6500.36%
20206,189,14022,6500.37%
20196,166,49022,6500.37%
20186,143,84025,6800.42%
20176,118,16062,4701.02%
20166,055,69086,5501.43%
20155,969,14075,2801.26%
20145,893,86071,1101.21%
20135,822,75077,0101.32%
20125,745,74077,4701.35%
20115,668,27084,8801.50%
20105,583,3900.00%

Miami Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White345,73176.11%
Black or African American76,27116.79%
Some Other Race18,0173.97%
Two or More Races7,9091.74%
Asian5,1221.13%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,0720.24%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1570.03%
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Miami Population by Race

Miami Population Pyramid 2021

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Miami Median Age

40.1


Total

39.1


Male

41.4


Female

Miami Adults

There are 374,661 adults, (76,624 of whom are seniors) in Miami.

Miami Age Dependency

52.4

Age Dependency Ratio

25.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Miami Sex Ratio

Female

229,469

50.51%

Male

224,810

49.49%

Miami Population by Age

Miami Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Miami Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married39%61%
All29.6%70.4%
Male28.3%71.7%
Non Family25.2%74.8%
Female24.5%75.5%

29.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Miami Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All176,7772.5129.6
Non Family79,7671.2825.2
Married55,7003.4139
Female29,2673.7324.5
Male12,0433.628.3

3.4

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

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Miami Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade43,43612.76%
9th to 12th Grade31,6109.28%
High School Graduate96,81528.43%
Some College42,51512.49%
Associates Degree25,1847.40%
Bachelors Degree61,00017.91%
Graduate Degree39,94311.73%
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Miami Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Miami Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic251,779189,71065,216
Black51,45238,1767,597
White39,04937,73925,829
Other Race13,1349,7893,128
Multiple Races5,4634,2351,965
Asian4,3193,9052,741
Native American68930134
Islander113113

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 66.15%.

Miami Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,068$32,098$25,881
Less Than High School$20,230$22,482$15,717
High School Grad$22,224$25,886$18,822
Some College$30,480$34,178$26,164
Bachelors Degree$43,156$49,823$39,729
Graduate Degree$71,331$80,088$60,480

$30,068

Average Earnings

$32,098

Average Male

$25,881

Average Female

Miami Earnings by Educational Attainment

Miami Language by Age

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Miami Language

22.62% of Miami residents speak only English, while 77.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 70.25% of the population.

Miami Language

Miami Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic326,52575,43323.10%
Black73,48625,83335.15%
White50,4865,40010.70%
Other17,9224,75926.55%
Multiple7,8111,47618.90%
Asian5,09889117.48%
Native1,07215714.65%
Islander1576038.22%

23.36%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.67%

Male Poverty Rate

25.95%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Miami

The race most likely to be in poverty in Miami is Islander, with 38.22% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Miami is White, with 10.70% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.91%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.95%.

Miami Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.51%
High School25.40%
Some College17.05%
Bachelors or Greater10.04%

Miami Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.56%
Male Unemployed39.25%
Female Employed11.33%
Male Employed8.03%

Miami Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Miami Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$39,049$68,105
Families$43,808$73,983
Married Families$54,763$94,398
Non Families$28,884$57,997
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Income by Household Type

Miami Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

36.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.5%

Male Marriage Rate

33.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Miami Married by Age and Sex

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Miami Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Miami Marital Status by Race

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Miami Marital Status

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6,873

Number of Veterans

6,257

Male Veterans

616

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,298
Second Gulf War1,844
First Gulf War1,218
Korea233
World War II100

Miami Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,831
65 to 741,671
55 to 641,288
18 to 341,071
75+1,012

Miami Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,3871.52%
Hispanic2,7991.02%
Black1,9143.24%
2 or More2714.47%
Asian1112.35%
Other790.54%
Indian779.52%
Hawaiian3423.13%

Miami Veterans by Race

Miami Veterans by Education

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16.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.41%

Veteran Disability Rate

Miami Veterans by Education

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62.4%

Labor Force Participation

58.7%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Miami Employment by Age

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Miami Employment by Race

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Miami Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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28.88%

Born in Florida

41.70%

Native Born

58.30%

Foreign Born

29.78%

Non Citizen

28.53%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

41.70% of Miami residents were born in the United States, with 28.88% having been born in Florida. 29.78% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Miami Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021478,2515,1441.09%
2020473,1075,1441.10%
2019467,9635,1441.11%
2018462,8196,2021.36%
2017456,6177,4681.66%
2016449,14914,4113.31%
2015434,7389,6282.26%
2014425,1109,4492.27%
2013415,6614,5121.10%
2012411,1494,5561.12%
2011406,5935,8141.45%
2010400,77938,3091.01%
2000362,4703,9220.11%
1990358,54811,8670.34%
1980346,68111,8220.35%
1970334,85943,1711.39%
1960291,68842,4121.58%
1950249,27677,1043.77%
1940172,17261,5354.52%
1930110,63781,06614.10%
192029,57124,10018.38%
19105,4713,77112.40%
19001,7000.00%

Miami Population by Year