Rochester, New York Population 2022

211,480
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Rochester is a city located in Monroe County New York. Rochester has a 2020 population of 211,480. Rochester is currently growing at a rate of 0.04% annually and its population has increased by 0.07% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 211,328 in 2010.

The average household income in Rochester is $52,116 with a poverty rate of 30.35%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $875 per month, and the median house value is $88,100. The median age in Rochester is 32 years, 31 years for males, and 32.9 years for females.

Rochester, NY is located in Monroe County, south of Lake Ontario. Rochester has the second-largest economy in New York following the NYC metro area.

Rochester Population Statistics

Rochester is a popular destination for immigrants, particularly those from Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, the Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The city has the highest percentage of Puerto Ricans of all major U.S. cities and one of the largest Turkish American populations. It also has one of the largest communities of Jamaican Americans with a sizable Polish American population.

Rochester is home to the National Technical Institute for the Deaf with the highest per capita deaf population in the country.

Rochester has a high violent crime rate that is nearly quadruple the national average as well as a personal and property crime rate that exceeds the U.S. average.

According to a recent study, 16% of Rochester's population is now living in extreme poverty, which places the city first among mid-sized U.S. cities in terms of extreme poverty. Someone is considered to be living in extreme poverty at half the federal poverty income threshold. For a family of four, this means an income of less than $11,925 per year. In 2015, the average cost for a two-bedroom home in the city was $931, or $11,172 a year. 23% of Rochester's white population lives in poverty versus the 10% national average, while 40% of the black population lives in poverty versus the 27% average. 44% of Rochester's Hispanic population is now in poverty versus just 23% nationally.

Rochester Facts

Rochester was one of the first boomtowns in the United States and gained population quickly for the many flour mills on the Genesee River. Its reputation as a flour manufacturing center earned it the nickname "the Flour City," although it's now more commonly known as "the Flower City" for the annual Lilac Festival.

Rochester is now an international hub of technological and medical developments as well as higher education. The city has several renowned universities, including the Rochester Institute of Technology, and it's the birthplace of Xerox, Bausch & Lomb, and Kodak.

Rochester has been named as America's most livable city, and it's earned high ratings for families and quality of life. It also boasts the most affordable real estate prices of any New York City.

Susan B. Anthony, the famous leader of the Women's Suffrage Movement, was from Rochester, NY. Her work lead to the right for women to vote.

Rochester Population Growth

The city of Rochester has been slowly losing people for the last few years at a rate of about 1% per year. The most recent census found that Rochester lost 4.2% of its population. Current estimates show another drop of 1.3% as well. Only time will tell if this city will begin to recover previous population levels.

Rochester Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Rochesterwas:

  • White: 45.39%
  • Black or African American: 39.36%
  • Two or more races: 6.17%
  • Other race: 4.90%
  • Asian: 3.29%
  • Native American: 0.71%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
The current population of Rochester, New York is 211,480 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 211,328.

Rochester, New York Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20101,079,9700.00%
20111,081,5601,5900.15%
20121,081,510-50-0.00%
20131,081,7402300.02%
20141,080,090-1,650-0.15%
20151,077,090-3,000-0.28%
20161,074,060-3,030-0.28%
20171,071,960-2,100-0.20%
20181,071,620-340-0.03%
20191,069,640-1,980-0.19%
20201,067,670-1,970-0.18%
20211,065,690-1,980-0.19%

Rochester Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White93,67145.39%
Black or African American81,23139.36%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,4670.71%
Asian6,7933.29%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3410.17%
Some Other Race10,1184.90%
Two or More Races12,7366.17%
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Rochester Population by Race

Rochester Population Pyramid 2022

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Rochester Median Age

32.4


Total

31.4


Male

33.4


Female

Rochester Adults

There are 159,886 adults, (23,947 of whom are seniors) in Rochester.

Rochester Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

17.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Rochester Sex Ratio

Female

106,548

51.63%

Male

99,809

48.37%

Rochester Population by Age

Rochester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Rochester Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.7%35.3%
Male36.7%63.3%
All36.2%63.8%
Non Family29.8%70.2%
Female25.1%74.9%

36.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Rochester Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All88,0062.2436.2
Married18,0203.0864.7
Male4,3673.136.7
Female19,5153.5225.1
Non Family46,1041.2829.8

3.15

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

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Rochester Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,5695.63%
9th to 12th Grade16,32612.14%
High School Graduate34,92025.96%
Some College25,37918.87%
Associates Degree13,84410.29%
Bachelors Degree20,81515.47%
Graduate Degree15,66911.65%
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Rochester Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White57,79952,71326,246
Asian3,7632,6671,507
2+ Races5,8754,8131,304
Black48,94537,8125,551
Hispanic21,45414,8872,077
Other Race6,2254,362579
Native American78354034
Islander1851146

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.20%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.41%.

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,606$35,508$30,989
Less Than 9th Grade$20,199$21,352$19,200
High School Graduate$25,702$29,713$23,194
Some College$30,514$31,869$29,275
Bachelors Degree$47,357$52,662$41,892
Graduate Degree$55,575$55,529$55,615

$32,606

Average Earnings

$35,508

Average Male

$30,989

Average Female

Rochester Earnings by Educational Attainment

Rochester Language by Age

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Rochester Language

78.50% of Rochester residents speak only English, while 21.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.46% of the population.

Rochester Language

Rochester Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Multiple12,4055,07540.91%
Hispanic39,07015,54039.77%
Black79,34928,73936.22%
Native1,45145331.22%
Asian5,8761,63627.84%
Islander3098025.89%
White69,12012,69018.36%
Other3,368NaN%

30.35%

Overall Poverty Rate

28.95%

Male Poverty Rate

31.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rochester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Multiple, with 40.91% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.78%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 44.47%.

Rochester Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade45.27%
High School27.97%
Some College20.82%
Bachelors or Greater7.86%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed10.00%
Male Unemployed43.05%
Female Employed14.92%
Female Unemployed50.56%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Rochester Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,395$55,801
Families$43,873$62,107
Married Families$75,075$90,598
Non Families$30,398$47,897
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Income by Household Type

Rochester Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

24.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.0%

Male Marriage Rate

23.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Rochester Married by Age and Sex

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Rochester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Rochester Marital Status by Race

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Rochester Marital Status

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6,871

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,362
First Gulf War1,291
Vietnam2,103
Korea366
World War II221

Rochester Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34788
35 to 542,027
55 to 641,533
65 to 741,271
75+1,252

Rochester Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,0064.94%
Black2,2613.94%
Native American626.00%
Asian380.70%
Other Race2132.88%
2+ Races2913.97%
Hispanic6412.45%

Rochester Veterans by Race

Rochester Veterans by Education

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15.38%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.82%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rochester Veterans by Education

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62%

Labor Force Participation

56.4%

Employment Rate

8.9%

Unemployment Rate

Rochester Employment by Age

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Rochester Employment by Race

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Rochester Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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65.95%

Born in Rochester

90.63%

Native Born

9.37%

Foreign Born

4.80%

Non Citizen

4.58%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.63% of Rochester residents were born in the United States, with 65.95% having been born in New York. 4.80% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Rochester Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18309,2070.00%
184020,19110,9848.17%
185036,40316,2126.07%
186048,20411,8012.85%
187062,38614,1822.61%
188089,36626,9803.66%
1890133,89644,5304.13%
1900162,60828,7121.96%
1910218,14955,5412.98%
1920295,75077,6013.09%
1930328,13232,3821.04%
1940324,975-3,157-0.10%
1950332,4887,5130.23%
1960318,611-13,877-0.43%
1970295,011-23,600-0.77%
1980241,741-53,270-1.97%
1990231,636-10,105-0.43%
2000219,773-11,863-0.52%
2010210,565-9,208-0.43%
2011210,641760.04%
2012210,717760.04%
2013210,793760.04%
2014210,869760.04%
2015210,945760.04%
2016211,021760.04%
2017211,097760.04%
2018211,173760.04%
2019211,249760.04%
2020211,328790.04%
2021211,404760.04%
2022211,480760.04%

Rochester Population by Year