Rochester, New York Population 2021

205,077
map placeholder

Rochester is a city located in Monroe County New York. With a 2020 population of 205,077, it is the 3rd largest city in New York (after New York City and Buffalo) and the 115th largest city in the United States . Rochester is currently declining at a rate of -0.15% annually and its population has decreased by -2.61% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 210,565 in 2010. Rochester reached it's highest population of 332,488 in 1950. Spanning over 37 miles, Rochester has a population density of 5,734 people per square mile.

The average household income in Rochester is $52,116 with a poverty rate of 31.31%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $848 per month, and the median house value is $83,100. The median age in Rochester is 32 years, 31 years for males, and 32.9 years for females.

Rochester, NY is located in Monroe County, south of Lake Ontario. Rochester has the second-largest economy in New York following the NYC metro area.

Rochester Population Statistics

Rochester is a popular destination for immigrants, particularly those from Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, the Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The city has the highest percentage of Puerto Ricans of all major U.S. cities and one of the largest Turkish American populations. It also has one of the largest communities of Jamaican Americans with a sizable Polish American population.

Rochester is home to the National Technical Institute for the Deaf with the highest per capita deaf population in the country.

Rochester has a high violent crime rate that is nearly quadruple the national average as well as a personal and property crime rate that exceeds the U.S. average.

According to a recent study, 16% of Rochester's population is now living in extreme poverty, which places the city first among mid-sized U.S. cities in terms of extreme poverty. Someone is considered to be living in extreme poverty at half the federal poverty income threshold. For a family of four, this means an income of less than $11,925 per year. In 2015, the average cost for a two-bedroom home in the city was $931, or $11,172 a year. 23% of Rochester's white population lives in poverty versus the 10% national average, while 40% of the black population lives in poverty versus the 27% average. 44% of Rochester's Hispanic population is now in poverty versus just 23% nationally.

Rochester Facts

Rochester was one of the first boomtowns in the United States and gained population quickly for the many flour mills on the Genesee River. Its reputation as a flour manufacturing center earned it the nickname "the Flour City," although it's now more commonly known as "the Flower City" for the annual Lilac Festival.

Rochester is now an international hub of technological and medical developments as well as higher education. The city has several renowned universities, including the Rochester Institute of Technology, and it's the birthplace of Xerox, Bausch & Lomb, and Kodak.

Rochester has been named as America's most livable city, and it's earned high ratings for families and quality of life. It also boasts the most affordable real estate prices of any New York City.

Susan B. Anthony, the famous leader of the Women's Suffrage Movement, was from Rochester, NY. Her work lead to the right for women to vote.

Rochester Population Growth

The city of Rochester has been slowly losing people for the last few years at a rate of about 1% per year. The most recent census found that Rochester lost 4.2% of its population. Current estimates show another drop of 1.3% as well. Only time will tell if this city will begin to recover previous population levels.

Rochester Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Rochester was:

  • White: 47.88%
  • Black or African American: 39.83%
  • Two or more races: 4.39%
  • Other race: 3.77%
  • Asian: 3.10%
  • Native American: 0.96%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Rochester, New York is 205,077 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 206,004.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 210,565.

Rochester, New York Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20211,065,690-1,980-0.19%
20201,067,670-1,970-0.18%
20191,069,640-1,980-0.19%
20181,071,620-340-0.03%
20171,071,960-2,100-0.20%
20161,074,060-3,030-0.28%
20151,077,090-3,000-0.28%
20141,080,090-1,650-0.15%
20131,081,7402300.02%
20121,081,510-50-0.00%
20111,081,5601,5900.15%
20101,079,9700.00%

Rochester Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White99,03847.88%
Black or African American82,38439.83%
Two or More Races9,0834.39%
Some Other Race7,7893.77%
Asian6,4053.10%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,9820.96%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1670.08%
Loading...

Rochester Population by Race

Rochester Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Rochester Median Age

32


Total

31


Male

32.9


Female

Rochester Adults

There are 159,917 adults, (22,531 of whom are seniors) in Rochester.

Rochester Age Dependency

50.6

Age Dependency Ratio

16.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Rochester Sex Ratio

Female

106,486

51.48%

Male

100,362

48.52%

Rochester Population by Age

Rochester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Rochester Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.7%32.3%
All36.4%63.6%
Male32.8%67.2%
Non Family29.9%70.1%
Female25.1%74.9%

36.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Rochester Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All86,3072.2936.4
Non Family44,7141.3129.9
Female20,1563.4825.1
Married17,0313.2167.7
Male4,4063.1732.8

3.2

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

Loading...

Rochester Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,4916.40%
9th to 12th Grade17,53013.20%
High School Graduate34,90626.29%
Some College24,86318.73%
Associates Degree13,61210.25%
Bachelors Degree19,15114.43%
Graduate Degree14,20010.70%
Loading...

Rochester Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White58,29152,60724,628
Black48,81436,7444,796
Hispanic21,06613,9121,979
Other Race4,8103,276522
2+ Races3,6053,024671
Asian3,4992,2431,431
Native American1,03872369
Islander52448

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.25%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 42.25%.

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,633$34,215$30,109
Less Than 9th Grade$20,449$22,097$17,740
High School Graduate$25,136$28,139$22,518
Some College$30,409$32,326$28,004
Bachelors Degree$45,365$49,524$42,259
Graduate Degree$55,015$58,783$53,993

$31,633

Average Earnings

$34,215

Average Male

$30,109

Average Female

Rochester Earnings by Educational Attainment

Rochester Language by Age

Loading...

Rochester Language

78.71% of Rochester residents speak only English, while 21.29% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.47% of the population.

Rochester Language

Rochester Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black80,61130,05437.28%
Hispanic38,81515,59440.18%
White71,12113,95919.63%
Multiple8,9083,75742.18%
Other7,6942,74035.61%
Asian5,3881,39825.95%
Native1,96676839.06%
Islander1361511.03%

31.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

29.63%

Male Poverty Rate

32.89%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rochester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Multiple, with 42.18% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Islander, with 11.03% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.51%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.59%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 45.73%.

Rochester Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade43.72%
High School27.64%
Some College22.26%
Bachelors or Greater8.69%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed59.36%
Male Unemployed46.30%
Female Employed15.98%
Male Employed9.78%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Rochester Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$35,590$52,116
Families$41,306$57,924
Married Families$71,434$86,020
Non Families$28,942$44,489
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Rochester Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

23.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

24.8%

Male Marriage Rate

22.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Rochester Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Rochester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Rochester Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Rochester Marital Status

Loading...

6,892

Number of Veterans

6,224

Male Veterans

668

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,085
Second Gulf War1,188
First Gulf War1,137
Korea438
World War II304

Rochester Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,883
55 to 641,679
75+1,386
65 to 741,352
18 to 34592

Rochester Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White4,0844.82%
Black2,2883.97%
Hispanic4901.89%
2+ Races2094.27%
Other Race1462.53%
Asian901.68%
Native American755.42%

Rochester Veterans by Race

Rochester Veterans by Education

Loading...

13.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.26%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rochester Veterans by Education

Loading...

62.3%

Labor Force Participation

55.9%

Employment Rate

10.2%

Unemployment Rate

Rochester Employment by Age

Loading...

Rochester Employment by Race

Loading...

Rochester Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

66.27%

Born in Rochester

90.88%

Native Born

9.12%

Foreign Born

4.90%

Non Citizen

4.22%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.88% of Rochester residents were born in the United States, with 66.27% having been born in New York. 4.90% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Rochester Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021205,077-309-0.15%
2020205,386-309-0.15%
2019205,695-309-0.15%
2018206,004-406-0.20%
2017206,410-1,249-0.60%
2016207,659-902-0.43%
2015208,561-768-0.37%
2014209,329-850-0.40%
2013210,179-150-0.07%
2012210,329-162-0.08%
2011210,4912740.13%
2010210,217-9,556-0.44%
2000219,773-11,863-0.52%
1990231,636-10,105-0.43%
1980241,741-53,270-1.97%
1970295,011-23,600-0.77%
1960318,611-13,877-0.43%
1950332,4887,5130.23%
1940324,975-3,157-0.10%
1930328,13232,3821.04%
1920295,75077,6013.09%
1910218,14955,5412.98%
1900162,60828,7121.96%
1890133,89644,5304.13%
188089,36626,9803.66%
187062,38614,1822.61%
186048,20411,8012.85%
185036,40316,2126.07%
184020,19110,9848.17%
18309,2070.00%

Rochester Population by Year