Santa Fe is a city located in Santa Fe County New Mexico. Santa Fe has a 2023 population of 89,220. It is also the county seat of Santa Fe County.Santa Fe is currently growing at a rate of 0.58% annually and its population has increased by 1.75% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 87,684 in 2020.
The average household income in Santa Fe is $87,514 with a poverty rate of 13.29%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Santa Fe is 44 years, 42.3 years for males, and 45.5 years for females.
Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the country. Santa Fe currently has a problem with young adults leaving the city for elsewhere in the country, with few returning or coming to settle down. Residents aged 20 through 29 make up just 11% of the population in Santa Fe County, whereas the national average in this age range is 14% or 16% in Albuquerque.
The city does have a very high concentration of artists and Ph.D.'s -- more than any other city its size. 39% of the city's economy is generated by culture and arts as well. The city also still holds its reputation as a center for healing since its days as a destination for tuberculosis patients, and it has a very high number of Zen centers, New Age institutes, yoga centers, therapists, gurus and churches of all denominations.
Santa Fe was formerly the site of many Pueblo Indian villages founded between 1050 and 1150. Before the 18th century, the Santa Fe River provided water to the people living in the area as it was a year round stream. Today, it is the most endangered river in the United States and only a seasonal waterway.
The first effort to colonize the area came in 1598 under Don Juan de Onate, who established Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico as a province of New Spain north of present-day Santa Fe. It was in 1607 that the second Spanish governor of New Mexico, Don Pedro de Peralta, founded the new city and made it the capital of the province three years later.
Santa Fe remained Spain's provincial seat, except between 1680 and 1692 when the Pueblo Revolt drove Spaniards out of the area, until the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1836, the Republic of Texas had claimed the city as part of Texas when it seceded from Mexico. Five years later, the Santa Fe Expedition set out to gain control of the area, but the Mexican government quickly captured it. The U.S. declared war on Mexico in 1846 and 1,700 soldiers marched into the city, claiming it and the New Mexico Territory for the United States. New Mexico became the 47th state in the United States in 1912.
When it became a state, Santa Fe had just 5,000 people. The town designers imagined there would be limited growth in the future with a scarce supply of water and imagined suburbs developing on the outskirts.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Santa Fe was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.58%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 61.98%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
64.5% of Santa Fe residents speak only English, while 35.5% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 31.69% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Santa Fe is Islander, with 34.31% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Santa Fe is Asian, with 3.15% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.23%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.52%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Santa Fe
86.39% of Santa Fe residents were born in the United States, with 45.51% having been born in New Mexico. 9.8% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.