Abuja Population 2021

3,464,123
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Abuja's 2021 population is now estimated at 3,464,123. In 1950, the population of Abuja was 18,977. Abuja has grown by 186,383 since 2015, which represents a 5.69% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Abuja, which typically includes Abuja's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Abuja is the capital of Nigeria. It replaced the former capital, Lagos, as the capital city in 1991, although Lagos remains the most populous city.

Abuja has a short history, as it was a planned city that was developed primarily during the 1980s. However, despite its brief history, Abuja is not just the fastest-growing city in Africa but is also one of the fastest-growing in the world.

The last census taken in 2006 put the population at 776,298. However, between 2000 and 2010, the population grew by almost 140%, with more recent estimates showing that the population now exceeds 2.4 million.

Abuja Demographics

The city of Abaja is one of the only planned cities in Africa, and judging by its massive population growth, it is one of the most successful. The city is home to multiple religious sites and centers, including the Nigerian National Mosque. Abuja is one of the wealthiest cities in Africa.

The city was planned to bring together all of the various tribes, religions and ethnic groups found throughout Nigeria. The city was designed to be a safe one, one that is united and peaceful, unlike many other Nigerian cities that experience high rates of violence.

The city’s population is hugely diverse, and groups that reside here include Afo, Gwari, Hausa, Koro, and Bassa, to name a few. The official language of the city is English, although other languages are spoken, including Ibo, Fulani, and Yoruba. Approximately half of the city’s residents are Muslim, 40% are Christian, and the remainder follow other religions.

Abuja History

As previously mentioned, the city’s history isn’t very long, as it was a planned city. Once Nigeria declared its independence, it was decided that a capital would be created that would unite the ethnicities and religions of the country. The location was selected during the 1970s.

Lagos, the capital city at the time, was also becoming extremely overcrowded. It was also decided by the government to expand the economy and move toward the inner part of the country, while taking some of the burdens off of Lagos, by making the new capital.

The city was dedicated in the 1970s and construction broke ground. However, major construction was delayed until the 1980s, and the first stages of the city were not developed until the latter part of the decade.

Today, many embassies were relocated to Abuja. The population has grown very quickly since the city’s inception, including squatter settlements and towns in and out of the city limits.

Abuja Population Growth

Abuja is one of the fastest growing cities in the world, with a population that already is climbing to 2.5 million since its development in the 1980s. During the early 2000s, the city’s population grew by almost 140%. Today, most areas of the city still see annual growth of 35%, making it one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. Because of the city’s reputation for being welcoming to all groups, no matter their ethnicity or religion, the population is only expected to continue to grow for Nigeria’s capital city.

Abuja Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20356,071,2823.33%195,640
20345,875,6423.40%193,084
20335,682,5583.47%190,453
20325,492,1053.54%187,548
20315,304,5573.62%185,217
20305,119,3403.71%183,139
20294,936,2013.82%181,689
20284,754,5123.96%180,889
20274,573,6234.13%181,259
20264,392,3644.33%182,419
20254,209,9454.58%184,210
20244,025,7354.85%186,089
20233,839,6465.14%187,617
20223,652,0295.42%187,906
20213,464,1235.69%186,383
20203,277,7405.90%182,622
20193,095,1186.05%176,600
20182,918,5186.13%168,481
20172,750,0376.13%158,755
20162,591,2826.13%149,591
20152,441,6916.13%140,955
20142,300,7366.13%132,818
20132,167,9186.12%124,983
20122,042,9356.14%118,093
20111,924,8426.13%111,118
20101,813,7246.13%104,703
20091,709,0216.12%98,527
20081,610,4946.14%93,096
20071,517,3986.13%87,597
20061,429,8018.62%113,430
20051,316,3719.58%115,132
20041,201,2399.61%105,340
20031,095,8999.60%95,976
2002999,9239.60%87,571
2001912,3529.58%79,796
2000832,5569.61%73,009
1999759,5479.60%66,520
1998693,0279.60%60,693
1997632,3349.58%55,306
1996577,0289.61%50,601
1995526,4279.60%46,103
1994480,3249.60%42,065
1993438,2599.58%38,332
1992399,9279.84%35,841
1991364,08610.17%33,613
1990330,47310.17%30,509
1989299,96410.16%27,657
1988272,30710.19%25,173
1987247,13410.17%22,816
1986224,31810.17%20,709
1985203,60910.16%18,773
1984184,83610.19%17,087
1983167,74910.17%15,486
1982152,26310.17%14,058
1981138,20510.16%12,742
1980125,46310.19%11,598
1979113,86510.17%10,512
1978103,35310.17%9,542
197793,81110.16%8,649
197685,16210.19%7,873
197577,28910.17%7,135
197470,15410.17%6,477
197363,67710.16%5,871
197257,80610.19%5,344
197152,46210.17%4,843
197047,61910.17%4,396
196943,22310.16%3,986
196839,23710.19%3,627
196735,61010.17%3,287
196632,32310.17%2,984
196529,33910.16%2,705
196426,6347.30%1,813
196324,8212.09%507
196224,3142.09%497
196123,8172.08%486
196023,3312.09%478
195922,8532.09%467
195822,3862.09%458
195721,9282.08%447
195621,4812.09%440
195521,0412.09%430
195420,6112.09%421
195320,1902.08%412
195219,7782.09%405
195119,3732.09%396
195018,9770.00%

Abuja Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Lagos14,862,1113.44%
Kano4,103,0152.60%
Ibadan3,649,0232.73%
Abuja3,464,1235.69%
Port Harcourt3,171,0764.99%
Benin City1,781,9993.17%
Onitsha1,482,9714.82%
Uyo1,199,9295.65%
Kaduna1,133,4301.82%
Aba1,114,3883.04%
Nnewi1,113,5465.97%
Ikorodu989,1175.49%
Ilorin973,6712.51%
Jos917,2892.46%
Owerri908,1094.07%
Warri898,9275.02%
Umuahia816,9835.58%
Maiduguri802,9882.10%
Enugu795,2712.90%
Lokoja741,4827.14%

Other Cities in Nigeria

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources