Accra Population 2021

2,556,972
Loading...

Accra's 2021 population is now estimated at 2,556,972. In 1950, the population of Accra was 177,147. Accra has grown by 42,967 since 2015, which represents a 1.71% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Accra, which typically includes Accra's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Accra is the capital of the Republic of Ghana. It is also the most populous city in the country. The city is one of the most urban in the country, and it has developed significantly since the 1990s with the addition of nightclubs, hotels, restaurants and other buildings. The most recent estimates show that the population of urbanized Accra is 2.27 million.

Accra Size

Accra's urban area covers 225.67 square kilometers of land, while the entire metropolis has grown to nearly 900 square kilometers. In the metro area, the population density is approximately 1,300 people per square kilometer.

Accra Demographics

One of the most interesting things to note about the demographics of Accra is the high population of younger residents. Approximately 56% of the people are under the age of 24. This trend is not expected to change in the coming years. There is a slightly higher population of males than females in the city, which is on par with numbers recorded across the country.

Data show about 45% of Accra’s residents are immigrants that initially lived in other African countries. However, migration rates are expected to decrease in the future. There are multiple low-income housing areas located in Accra, with about 58% of the total population living in one of these areas.

Major ethnic groups of Accra include Akan, Ga-Dangme and Ewe. The largest religious groups are Christians, which make up 83% of the population. Muslims make up 10.2% of the population, and 4.6% claim no religion.

Accra History

During the late 1800s, the city was captured by the British. It was in 1877 that the city was designated as the capital of the Gold Coast. It was during this time that the city began to expand and its population grew. Boundaries continued to expand throughout the early 1900s.

A turning point for the city occurred in 1908 with the construction of the Accra-Kumasi railway, which connected Accra to other regions in Ghana.

After World War II, the city of Accra’s central business district was developed. Rural migrants also settled in surrounding neighborhoods, resulting in shanty-towns. Further development of the town was planned to include a country club, polo and cricket fields, and ornamental fountains and statues. However, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah developed his plan that focused more on pride and nationalism.

Today, the city is a business and transportation hub in Ghana. It is home to many popular tourist attractions, including the Academy of Arts and Science and the National Theater. The city also boasts a multi-story hotel, restaurants, and other buildings that were built during the 1990s. The city’s economy is reliant upon the finance and commercial sectors and industries including processed food, textiles, and lumber.

Accra Population Growth

Accra has seen its population grow throughout the years, primarily because of immigration. However, decentralization is expected to reduce migration rates, which could have an impact on future population growth. Still, the city has a high number of young residents, and this trend is not expected to slow. Given the city’s role within Ghana, it can only be assumed that Accra will see continued growth well into the future.

Accra Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20353,632,2842.56%90,640
20343,541,6442.61%89,968
20333,451,6762.65%89,149
20323,362,5272.69%88,126
20313,274,4012.73%86,943
20303,187,4582.75%85,390
20293,102,0682.76%83,351
20283,018,7172.74%80,618
20272,938,0992.69%77,096
20262,861,0032.60%72,619
20252,788,3842.47%67,219
20242,721,1652.30%61,093
20232,660,0722.10%54,670
20222,605,4021.89%48,430
20212,556,9721.71%42,967
20202,514,0051.57%38,797
20192,475,2081.47%35,819
20182,439,3892.14%51,001
20172,388,3882.14%49,936
20162,338,4522.14%48,891
20152,289,5612.14%47,869
20142,241,6922.14%46,869
20132,194,8232.14%45,888
20122,148,9352.14%44,929
20112,104,0062.13%43,930
20102,060,0762.13%43,013
20092,017,0632.13%42,057
20081,975,0062.14%41,293
20071,933,7132.13%40,374
20061,893,3392.13%39,532
20051,853,8072.13%38,653
20041,815,1542.14%37,951
20031,777,2032.13%37,106
20021,740,0972.13%36,332
20011,703,7652.13%35,525
20001,668,2403.07%49,732
19991,618,5083.41%53,331
19981,565,1773.41%51,573
19971,513,6043.40%49,807
19961,463,7973.41%48,299
19951,415,4983.41%46,641
19941,368,8573.41%45,105
19931,323,7523.40%43,560
19921,280,1923.41%42,240
19911,237,9523.41%40,791
19901,197,1613.41%39,448
19891,157,7133.40%38,096
19881,119,6173.41%36,942
19871,082,6753.41%35,675
19861,047,0003.41%34,499
19851,012,5013.40%33,318
1984979,1833.26%30,904
1983948,2793.19%29,289
1982918,9903.19%28,385
1981890,6053.18%27,471
1980863,1343.19%26,696
1979836,4383.19%25,836
1978810,6023.19%25,037
1977785,5653.18%24,231
1976761,3343.19%23,547
1975737,7873.19%22,789
1974714,9983.19%22,084
1973692,9143.18%21,373
1972671,5413.19%20,770
1971650,7713.19%20,101
1970630,6704.33%26,193
1969604,4774.91%28,271
1968576,2064.92%27,022
1967549,1844.91%25,720
1966523,4644.91%24,515
1965498,9494.91%23,336
1964475,6134.92%22,304
1963453,3094.91%21,230
1962432,0794.91%20,236
1961411,8434.91%19,261
1960392,5827.41%27,068
1959365,5148.38%28,264
1958337,2508.38%26,079
1957311,1718.37%24,030
1956287,1418.39%22,233
1955264,9088.38%20,484
1954244,4248.38%18,901
1953225,5238.37%17,416
1952208,1078.39%16,113
1951191,9948.38%14,847
1950177,1470.00%

Accra Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population Growth 2021
Kumasi3,490,0304.24%
Accra2,556,9721.71%
Sekondi Takoradi990,6614.77%
Tamale671,8124.66%

Other Cities in Ghana

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources