Addis Ababa Population 2021

5,005,524
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Addis Ababa's 2021 population is now estimated at 5,005,524. In 1950, the population of Addis Ababa was 392,000. Addis Ababa has grown by 211,825 since 2015, which represents a 4.42% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Addis Ababa, which typically includes Addis Ababa's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Addis Ababa is the capital city of Ethiopia. It is also the largest city in the country by population, with a total population of 3,384,569 according to the 2007 census. However, it is believed that this number was inaccurate when recorded and underestimated the city’s population. The city has through recent years seen a robust annual growth rate, and population counts as of 2017 are growing closer to 4 million. The most recent census was scheduled for the 2018 to 2019 fiscal year, as security concerns between 2017 and 2018 delayed it. Addis Ababa is a chartered city and as such, is considered both a city and a state. It is the largest city in the world located in a landlocked country.

Addis Ababa Size

This capital city holds 527 square kilometers of area in Ethiopia. The population density is estimated to be near 5,165 individuals per square kilometer available.

Addis Ababa Demographics

Per the population recorded at the last census, the city of Addis Ababa has a higher population of female residents than male residents. Almost one-quarter of all people in Ethiopia that live in urban areas live in the capital city.

Close to half of the population is of the ethnic group Amhara, while the majority of the remaining population is split among the groups Oromo, Gurage, and Tigray.

71% of the population use Amharic, Oromo is in use with just over 10% of the people, with four additional languages ranking more than 1% use among the population.

Approximately 82% of the population is of the Orthodox Christian religion. 12.7% of residents are Muslim, 3.9% Protestant, less than 1% Catholic, and a smaller percentage following other faiths.

Adult literacy in the capital city is the highest among all of the country’s cities, at over 93% for males and almost 80% for females.

The city has a lower rate of infant mortality than the national average, and over 98% of homes in the city have access to clean drinking water.

Addis Ababa History

It is thought that the land that is the current site of Addis Ababa was first occupied and made a settlement in the early to mid-15th century, although the city as it is known today was not founded until 1886. It’s interesting to note that evidence of humans living in the area up to 100,000 years ago has been discovered.

Emperor Menelik II founded the city. When Menelik II was named as the emperor of Ethiopia, the first capital area of Entoto was wrought with extreme cold and a scarcity of firewood - the empress pushed to have the city moved to a warmer area nearby, and the city that developed was designated as the capital city.

In 1936, the city was invaded by Italian troops and was liberated again five years later in 1941. The Organisation of African Unity was headquartered in Addis Ababa upon its creation in 1963. When it was replaced by the African Union in 2002, the headquarters remained in the city.

Today, the city’s government is headed by the mayor and the city council. The city is considered to be one of the safest in Ethiopia. In terms of the economy, Addis Ababa is very diverse. Trade and commerce are the most popular industries, followed by manufacturing and production, homemaking, and civil administration. Tourism is a growing industry in the area as more shopping centers, restaurants and attractions are built.

Addis Ababa Population Growth

Population in the near future is expected to grow to exceed 6.5 million residents. The annual growth rate of the city has been estimated in recent years to be 3.8%. In prior years, growth has been as much as 8%. The city is a thriving urban area in Ethiopia, and the jobs available in Addis Ababa, the availability of clean drinking water and plumbing, and the many shops and businesses ensure that growth will continue to be steady in this capital city well into the future.

Addis Ababa Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20358,938,6833.85%331,674
20348,607,0093.92%324,658
20338,282,3513.99%317,559
20327,964,7924.05%309,848
20317,654,9444.12%302,675
20307,352,2694.18%295,162
20297,057,1074.25%287,507
20286,769,6004.30%279,338
20276,490,2624.36%271,187
20266,219,0754.41%262,396
20255,956,6794.44%253,051
20245,703,6284.45%243,037
20235,460,5914.45%232,797
20225,227,7944.44%222,270
20215,005,5244.42%211,825
20204,793,6994.39%201,716
20194,591,9834.37%192,309
20184,399,6744.36%183,709
20174,215,9654.36%176,038
20164,039,9274.37%169,142
20153,870,7854.36%161,843
20143,708,9424.36%155,076
20133,553,8664.36%148,391
20123,405,4754.37%142,580
20113,262,8954.36%136,426
20103,126,4694.36%130,722
20092,995,7474.36%125,087
20082,870,6604.37%120,188
20072,750,4722.29%61,563
20062,688,9092.08%54,759
20052,634,1502.08%53,571
20042,580,5792.08%52,625
20032,527,9542.08%51,481
20022,476,4732.08%50,433
20012,426,0402.08%49,339
20002,376,7012.08%48,467
19992,328,2342.08%47,414
19982,280,8202.08%46,449
19972,234,3712.08%45,441
19962,188,9302.08%44,638
19952,144,2922.59%54,236
19942,090,0563.94%79,187
19932,010,8693.93%76,083
19921,934,7863.94%73,403
19911,861,3833.94%70,523
19901,790,8603.94%67,851
19891,723,0093.93%65,191
19881,657,8183.94%62,896
19871,594,9223.94%60,427
19861,534,4953.94%58,138
19851,476,3573.93%55,859
19841,420,4984.76%64,492
19831,356,0064.89%63,182
19821,292,8244.89%60,238
19811,232,5864.88%57,354
19801,175,2324.89%54,832
19791,120,4004.89%52,204
19781,068,1964.89%49,772
19771,018,4244.88%47,388
1976971,0364.89%45,306
1975925,7304.89%43,133
1974882,5974.89%41,124
1973841,4734.88%39,155
1972802,3184.89%37,433
1971764,8854.89%35,639
1970729,2464.89%33,979
1969695,2674.88%32,352
1968662,9154.89%30,929
1967631,9862.85%17,508
1966614,4782.85%17,023
1965597,4552.85%16,529
1964580,9262.85%16,116
1963564,8102.85%15,647
1962549,1632.85%15,214
1961533,9492.85%14,772
1960519,1772.85%14,403
1959504,7742.85%13,984
1958490,7902.85%13,596
1957477,1942.85%13,202
1956463,9922.85%12,872
1955451,1202.85%12,497
1954438,6232.85%12,152
1953426,4712.85%11,798
1952414,6732.85%11,504
1951403,1692.85%11,169
1950392,0000.00%

Addis Ababa Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population Growth 2021
Addis Ababa5,005,5244.42%
Mekele543,6223.76%
Dire Dawa426,1294.42%
Nazret394,0484.30%
Gondar378,3314.42%

Other Cities in Ethiopia

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources