Addis Ababa Population 2022

5,227,794
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Addis Ababa is the capital city of Ethiopia. It is also the largest city in the country by population, with a total population of 3,384,569 according to the 2007 census. However, it is believed that this number was inaccurate when recorded and underestimated the city’s population. The city has through recent years seen a robust annual growth rate, and population counts as of 2017 are growing closer to 4 million. The most recent census was scheduled for the 2018 to 2019 fiscal year, as security concerns between 2017 and 2018 delayed it. Addis Ababa is a chartered city and as such, is considered both a city and a state. It is the largest city in the world located in a landlocked country.

Addis Ababa Size

This capital city holds 527 square kilometers of area in Ethiopia. The population density is estimated to be near 5,165 individuals per square kilometer available.

Addis Ababa Demographics

Per the population recorded at the last census, the city of Addis Ababa has a higher population of female residents than male residents. Almost one-quarter of all people in Ethiopia that live in urban areas live in the capital city.

Close to half of the population is of the ethnic group Amhara, while the majority of the remaining population is split among the groups Oromo, Gurage, and Tigray.

71% of the population use Amharic, Oromo is in use with just over 10% of the people, with four additional languages ranking more than 1% use among the population.

Approximately 82% of the population is of the Orthodox Christian religion. 12.7% of residents are Muslim, 3.9% Protestant, less than 1% Catholic, and a smaller percentage following other faiths.

Adult literacy in the capital city is the highest among all of the country’s cities, at over 93% for males and almost 80% for females.

The city has a lower rate of infant mortality than the national average, and over 98% of homes in the city have access to clean drinking water.

Addis Ababa History

It is thought that the land that is the current site of Addis Ababa was first occupied and made a settlement in the early to mid-15th century, although the city as it is known today was not founded until 1886. It’s interesting to note that evidence of humans living in the area up to 100,000 years ago has been discovered.

Emperor Menelik II founded the city. When Menelik II was named as the emperor of Ethiopia, the first capital area of Entoto was wrought with extreme cold and a scarcity of firewood - the empress pushed to have the city moved to a warmer area nearby, and the city that developed was designated as the capital city.

In 1936, the city was invaded by Italian troops and was liberated again five years later in 1941. The Organisation of African Unity was headquartered in Addis Ababa upon its creation in 1963. When it was replaced by the African Union in 2002, the headquarters remained in the city.

Today, the city’s government is headed by the mayor and the city council. The city is considered to be one of the safest in Ethiopia. In terms of the economy, Addis Ababa is very diverse. Trade and commerce are the most popular industries, followed by manufacturing and production, homemaking, and civil administration. Tourism is a growing industry in the area as more shopping centers, restaurants and attractions are built.

Addis Ababa Population Growth

Population in the near future is expected to grow to exceed 6.5 million residents. The annual growth rate of the city has been estimated in recent years to be 3.8%. In prior years, growth has been as much as 8%. The city is a thriving urban area in Ethiopia, and the jobs available in Addis Ababa, the availability of clean drinking water and plumbing, and the many shops and businesses ensure that growth will continue to be steady in this capital city well into the future.

Year Population
1950392,000
1951403,169
1952414,673
1953426,471
1954438,623
1955451,120
1956463,992
1957477,194
1958490,790
1959504,774
1960519,177
1961533,949
1962549,163
1963564,810
1964580,926
1965597,455
1966614,478
1967631,986
1968662,915
1969695,267
1970729,246
1971764,885
1972802,318
1973841,473
1974882,597
1975925,730
1976971,036
19771,018,424
19781,068,196
19791,120,400
19801,175,232
19811,232,586
19821,292,824
19831,356,006
19841,420,498
19851,476,357
19861,534,495
19871,594,922
19881,657,818
19891,723,009
19901,790,860
19911,861,383
19921,934,786
19932,010,869
19942,090,056
19952,144,292
19962,188,930
19972,234,371
19982,280,820
19992,328,234
20002,376,701
20012,426,040
20022,476,473
20032,527,954
20042,580,579
20052,634,150
20062,688,909
20072,750,472
20082,870,660
20092,995,747
20103,126,469
20113,262,895
20123,405,475
20133,553,866
20143,708,942
20153,870,785
20164,039,927
20174,215,965
20184,399,674
20194,591,983
20204,793,699
20215,005,524
20225,227,794
20235,460,591
20245,703,628
20255,956,679
20266,219,075
20276,490,262
20286,769,600
20297,057,107
20307,352,269
20317,654,944
20327,964,792
20338,282,351
20348,607,009
20358,938,683

Addis Ababa Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
1950392,0000.00%
1951403,1692.85%11,169
1952414,6732.85%11,504
1953426,4712.85%11,798
1954438,6232.85%12,152
1955451,1202.85%12,497
1956463,9922.85%12,872
1957477,1942.85%13,202
1958490,7902.85%13,596
1959504,7742.85%13,984
1960519,1772.85%14,403
1961533,9492.85%14,772
1962549,1632.85%15,214
1963564,8102.85%15,647
1964580,9262.85%16,116
1965597,4552.85%16,529
1966614,4782.85%17,023
1967631,9862.85%17,508
1968662,9154.89%30,929
1969695,2674.88%32,352
1970729,2464.89%33,979
1971764,8854.89%35,639
1972802,3184.89%37,433
1973841,4734.88%39,155
1974882,5974.89%41,124
1975925,7304.89%43,133
1976971,0364.89%45,306
19771,018,4244.88%47,388
19781,068,1964.89%49,772
19791,120,4004.89%52,204
19801,175,2324.89%54,832
19811,232,5864.88%57,354
19821,292,8244.89%60,238
19831,356,0064.89%63,182
19841,420,4984.76%64,492
19851,476,3573.93%55,859
19861,534,4953.94%58,138
19871,594,9223.94%60,427
19881,657,8183.94%62,896
19891,723,0093.93%65,191
19901,790,8603.94%67,851
19911,861,3833.94%70,523
19921,934,7863.94%73,403
19932,010,8693.93%76,083
19942,090,0563.94%79,187
19952,144,2922.59%54,236
19962,188,9302.08%44,638
19972,234,3712.08%45,441
19982,280,8202.08%46,449
19992,328,2342.08%47,414
20002,376,7012.08%48,467
20012,426,0402.08%49,339
20022,476,4732.08%50,433
20032,527,9542.08%51,481
20042,580,5792.08%52,625
20052,634,1502.08%53,571
20062,688,9092.08%54,759
20072,750,4722.29%61,563
20082,870,6604.37%120,188
20092,995,7474.36%125,087
20103,126,4694.36%130,722
20113,262,8954.36%136,426
20123,405,4754.37%142,580
20133,553,8664.36%148,391
20143,708,9424.36%155,076
20153,870,7854.36%161,843
20164,039,9274.37%169,142
20174,215,9654.36%176,038
20184,399,6744.36%183,709
20194,591,9834.37%192,309
20204,793,6994.39%201,716
20215,005,5244.42%211,825
20225,227,7944.44%222,270
20235,460,5914.45%232,797
20245,703,6284.45%243,037
20255,956,6794.44%253,051
20266,219,0754.41%262,396
20276,490,2624.36%271,187
20286,769,6004.30%279,338
20297,057,1074.25%287,507
20307,352,2694.18%295,162
20317,654,9444.12%302,675
20327,964,7924.05%309,848
20338,282,3513.99%317,559
20348,607,0093.92%324,658
20358,938,6833.85%331,674

Addis Ababa Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Addis Ababa5,227,7944.44%
Mekele564,7563.89%
Dire Dawa445,0504.44%
Nazret411,1374.34%
Gondar395,1384.44%

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