Barcelona Population 2020

5,585,556
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Barcelona's 2020 population is now estimated at 5,585,556. In 1950, the population of Barcelona was 1,809,390. Barcelona has grown by 44,429 since 2015, which represents a 0.80% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Barcelona, which typically includes Barcelona's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Barcelona is the capital of the autonomous community of Catalonia of Spain and the second-largest city in Spain. Barcelona has an estimated population of 1.7 million in 2016.

The 1.7 million population only includes residents within the administrative limits. Barcelona has an urban area much larger with a population of more than 4.6 million, which makes it the 6th most populous metropolitan area in the European Union behind Paris, London, the Ruhr, Madrid, and Milan. It is estimated that more than 5 million live in the metropolitan area, which is the largest on the Mediterranean Sea.

The city proper has a high population density of 16,000 people per square kilometers (41,000/sq mi). This makes Barcelona one of Europe's most densely populated cities. By far the most densely populated area in the city is Eixample, with 36,000 people per square kilometer (or 92,000 per square mile), as well as the neighborhood of la Sagrada Familia with over 50,000 people per square kilometer.

Barcelona is a leading cultural, sports, economic, tourism, arts, science, fashion, and commerce center. It's the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and the 35th in the world, and one of the world's most prosperous city brands.

Barcelona Demographics

62% of the inhabitants of Barcelona were born in Catalonia, while almost 24% come from other areas of Spain. Over 17% of the residents come from other countries, a percentage that is up significantly from less than 4% in 2001. Most come from Pakistan, Italy, China, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Morocco. Barcelona is home to Spain's largest Jewish community with about 3,500 Jews.

Barcelona History

Two legends are told of the founding of Barcelona. One attributes its founding to the mythological Hercules while the other attributes its founding to Carthaginian Hamilcar Barca, the father of Hannibal, who named the new city Barcino after his family.

The Romans redrew Barcelona in 15 BC as a military camp. It became a colony called Faventia, which slowly grew in population and importance, eventually minting its own coins. In the 5th century, the city was conquered by the Visigoths, and it was briefly the capital of Hispania. The Arabs later captured it in the 8th century, and again by Charlemagne's son Louis in 801, who made it the seat of the Hispanic March ruled by the Count of Barcelona.

The region was divided into Counties, with the County of Barcelona being the most important. The Counts of Barcelona eventually became independent and began expanding territory to all of Catalonia. Catalonia became part of the Crown of Aragon, until the union of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon caused the city to lose its power. In the 17th century, Catalonia went to war with Spain and declared independence with help from France. Spain did lose parts of the region, which are now French territories. Catalonia was later invaded by French troops under Napoleon, although these territories were returned to Spain after the French Empire fell.

Barcelona gained importance once more in the 19th century during the Industrial Revolution and has since become one of the most well-known and most often visited cities in the world.

Barcelona Population Growth

The city of Barcelona's population remains relatively stable as it is already exceptionally densely populated while the metropolitan area continues to grow steadily. This trend will continue over the next few decades.

Barcelona Population 2020

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20355,868,9120.18%10,507
20345,858,4050.19%10,893
20335,847,5120.19%11,318
20325,836,1940.20%11,840
20315,824,3540.21%12,458
20305,811,8960.23%13,260
20295,798,6360.25%14,230
20285,784,4060.27%15,385
20275,769,0210.29%16,870
20265,752,1510.33%18,904
20255,733,2470.37%21,330
20245,711,9170.43%24,561
20235,687,3560.51%28,884
20225,658,4720.60%33,974
20215,624,4980.70%38,942
20205,585,5560.80%44,429
20195,541,1270.86%47,002
20185,494,1251.35%73,377
20175,420,7481.35%72,398
20165,348,3501.35%71,431
20155,276,9191.35%70,477
20145,206,4421.35%69,536
20135,136,9061.35%68,607
20125,068,2991.36%67,876
20115,000,4231.36%66,875
20104,933,5481.36%65,981
20094,867,5671.35%65,009
20084,802,5581.36%64,317
20074,738,2411.36%63,369
20064,674,8721.36%62,522
20054,612,3501.35%61,601
20044,550,7491.36%60,944
20034,489,8051.36%60,047
20024,429,7581.10%48,216
20014,381,5420.60%26,117
20004,355,4250.60%26,032
19994,329,3930.60%25,841
19984,303,5520.60%25,686
19974,277,8660.60%25,499
19964,252,3670.60%25,416
19954,226,9510.60%25,230
19944,201,7210.60%25,078
19934,176,6430.60%24,896
19924,151,7470.60%24,814
19914,126,9330.64%26,125
19904,100,8080.66%26,705
19894,074,1030.65%26,494
19884,047,6090.66%26,394
19874,021,2150.66%26,186
19863,995,0290.66%26,015
19853,969,0140.65%25,811
19843,943,2030.66%25,713
19833,917,4900.66%25,510
19823,891,9800.66%25,345
19813,866,6350.78%29,874
19803,836,7610.84%32,091
19793,804,6700.84%31,779
19783,772,8910.84%31,513
19773,741,3780.84%31,207
19763,710,1710.84%31,032
19753,679,1390.84%30,730
19743,648,4090.84%30,474
19733,617,9350.84%30,177
19723,587,7580.84%30,008
19713,557,7502.17%75,703
19703,482,0473.52%118,270
19693,363,7773.51%114,099
19683,249,6783.52%110,528
19673,139,1503.52%106,624
19663,032,5263.52%103,003
19652,929,5233.51%99,369
19642,830,1543.52%96,259
19632,733,8953.52%92,859
19622,641,0363.52%89,705
19612,551,3313.38%83,405
19602,467,9263.26%77,860
19592,390,0663.25%75,301
19582,314,7653.25%72,929
19572,241,8363.25%70,536
19562,171,3003.26%68,501
19552,102,7993.25%66,251
19542,036,5483.25%64,164
19531,972,3843.25%62,057
19521,910,3273.26%60,269
19511,850,0582.25%40,668
19501,809,3900.00%

Barcelona Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2020 Growth
Madrid6,617,5130.89%
Barcelona5,585,5560.80%
Valencia833,7240.23%
Zaragoza730,8280.48%
Seville703,790-0.22%
Malaga590,0320.21%
Murcia499,7831.08%
Palma467,0051.26%
Las Palmas Gran Canaria401,9000.24%
Alicante369,7580.90%
Bilbao349,633-0.35%
Cordoba343,7190.17%
Vigo306,8530.08%
Valladolid305,047-0.53%

Other Cities in Spain

  1. Department of Statistics - Population, household and homes statistics
  2. Official Statistics Website of Catalonia - Barcelona - the municipality in figures
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources