Berlin Population 2022

3,570,750
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Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of Germany's 16 states. It is also the largest city in Germany. It is also the second-most populous city proper and the 7th most populous urban region in the European Union. Berlin is located in northeastern Germany along the River Spree. In 2016, the population of Berlin is estimated at 3.5 million.

Population Density of Berlin

Berlin has a population of 3.5 million in 2016, up slightly from 3.4 million in 2014. The city is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region with a population of 5.8 million people from more than 180 countries. The Berlin urban area goes beyond the city limits with a population of approximately 3.7 million. In 2016, the city had a population density of 3,809 people per square kilometer.

Berlin Demographics

There is a long history of migration into Berlin. In 1685, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes to promote civil unity in France, Berlin created the Edict of Potsdam to guarantee tax-free status and religious freedom to French Huguenot refugees for a decade. During the 1960s and 70s, asylum politics and immigration in West Berlin created massive waves of immigration.

There are many foreign-born populations in Berlin today, with countries of birth that include:

Other sizable foreign-born populations include people from Lebanon, China, Thailand, Macedonia, Netherlands, Iran, Sweden, Portugal, Hungary, Israel, Brazil, South Korea, Latvia, Japan, Denmark, Republic of Kosovo, India, and Syria. In 2010, 13.5% of the population were of foreign nationality from 190 countries. In 2008, it was estimated that up to 30% of the population was foreign-born.

About 60% of Berlin's population have no registered religious affiliation. Thus the city is often called the atheist capital of Europe. Large religious denominations in Berlin include Protestants (19%), Roman Catholics (9%), Muslims (8%), other Christian denominations (2.5%) and other religions (1%).

Berlin History

Berlin's history was first documented in the 1200s, although recent evidence suggests that the city may be even older. It became capital of Prussia in 1701, followed by the German Empire (1871), the Weimar Republic (1919) and the Third Reich (1933). In the 1920s, it was the third largest city in the world. After the end of WWII, Berlin along with the German state was divided into East Berlin (the capital of the German Democratic Republic) or East Germany, and West Berlin, a political exclave and de facto state of the Federal Republic of Germany. The city once more became the capital of all of Germany after reunification in 1990.

Berlin Population Growth

The Berlin Senate predicts the city's population will grow slightly to 3.75 million by 2030, with a 20% increase for the 6 to 18-year-old age group and the average age increasing somewhat to about 44. In 2013, however, statisticians found that the country has 1.5 million fewer people than believed, with Berlin having 180,000 fewer residents.

Historically, the population has changed significantly over the years in Berlin. In 1250, the population was barely over 1,000 residents. By 1576 the population had grown to 12,000 before dropping down to 9,000 just twenty years later in the early 1600s. This decline continued into 1648, reaching as low as 6,000 inhabitants. 1685 however, brought a serious increase of population, showing over 17,000 now residing in the area. From this point forward, the city continued to multiply in numbers, reaching 1 million by 1880 and peaking in the 1930s in the 4 million range. Of course, the wars would change this considerably, and the records indicate a final drop to 2.8 million before continuing on a positive growth track and maintaining a population of at least 3 million individuals.

Year Population
19503,337,621
19513,329,761
19523,321,908
19533,314,095
19543,306,290
19553,298,503
19563,290,724
19573,282,984
19583,275,252
19593,267,539
19603,259,833
19613,252,346
19623,247,311
19633,242,284
19643,237,257
19653,232,253
19663,227,249
19673,222,253
19683,217,257
19693,212,283
19703,206,311
19713,190,964
19723,175,669
19733,160,490
19743,145,362
19753,130,306
19763,115,302
19773,100,411
19783,085,570
19793,070,801
19803,056,082
19813,051,544
19823,048,489
19833,041,327
19843,042,744
19853,060,484
19863,095,453
19873,272,990
19883,253,960
19893,381,095
19903,421,662
19913,439,841
19923,455,876
19933,470,553
19943,473,705
19953,471,395
19963,462,965
19973,442,267
19983,412,301
19993,392,756
20003,384,417
20013,388,441
20023,391,094
20033,390,456
20043,388,152
20053,391,496
20063,401,226
20073,413,367
20083,425,567
20093,437,892
20103,450,395
20113,462,944
20123,475,555
20133,488,177
20143,500,863
20153,513,595
20163,526,391
20173,539,234
20183,552,123
20193,556,792
20203,562,038
20213,566,791
20223,570,750
20233,573,938
20243,576,873
20253,580,188
20263,584,241
20273,588,953
20283,594,331
20293,600,188
20303,606,268
20313,612,461
20323,618,816
20333,625,323
20343,631,972
20353,638,756

Berlin Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19503,337,6210.00%
19513,329,761-0.24%-7,860
19523,321,908-0.24%-7,853
19533,314,095-0.24%-7,813
19543,306,290-0.24%-7,805
19553,298,503-0.24%-7,787
19563,290,724-0.24%-7,779
19573,282,984-0.24%-7,740
19583,275,252-0.24%-7,732
19593,267,539-0.24%-7,713
19603,259,833-0.24%-7,706
19613,252,346-0.23%-7,487
19623,247,311-0.15%-5,035
19633,242,284-0.15%-5,027
19643,237,257-0.16%-5,027
19653,232,253-0.15%-5,004
19663,227,249-0.15%-5,004
19673,222,253-0.15%-4,996
19683,217,257-0.16%-4,996
19693,212,283-0.15%-4,974
19703,206,311-0.19%-5,972
19713,190,964-0.48%-15,347
19723,175,669-0.48%-15,295
19733,160,490-0.48%-15,179
19743,145,362-0.48%-15,128
19753,130,306-0.48%-15,056
19763,115,302-0.48%-15,004
19773,100,411-0.48%-14,891
19783,085,570-0.48%-14,841
19793,070,801-0.48%-14,769
19803,056,082-0.48%-14,719
19813,051,544-0.15%-4,538
19823,048,489-0.10%-3,055
19833,041,327-0.23%-7,162
19843,042,7440.05%1,417
19853,060,4840.58%17,740
19863,095,4531.14%34,969
19873,272,9905.74%177,537
19883,253,960-0.58%-19,030
19893,381,0953.91%127,135
19903,421,6621.20%40,567
19913,439,8410.53%18,179
19923,455,8760.47%16,035
19933,470,5530.42%14,677
19943,473,7050.09%3,152
19953,471,395-0.07%-2,310
19963,462,965-0.24%-8,430
19973,442,267-0.60%-20,698
19983,412,301-0.87%-29,966
19993,392,756-0.57%-19,545
20003,384,417-0.25%-8,339
20013,388,4410.12%4,024
20023,391,0940.08%2,653
20033,390,456-0.02%-638
20043,388,152-0.07%-2,304
20053,391,4960.10%3,344
20063,401,2260.29%9,730
20073,413,3670.36%12,141
20083,425,5670.36%12,200
20093,437,8920.36%12,325
20103,450,3950.36%12,503
20113,462,9440.36%12,549
20123,475,5550.36%12,611
20133,488,1770.36%12,622
20143,500,8630.36%12,686
20153,513,5950.36%12,732
20163,526,3910.36%12,796
20173,539,2340.36%12,843
20183,552,1230.36%12,889
20193,556,7920.13%4,669
20203,562,0380.15%5,246
20213,566,7910.13%4,753
20223,570,7500.11%3,959
20233,573,9380.09%3,188
20243,576,8730.08%2,935
20253,580,1880.09%3,315
20263,584,2410.11%4,053
20273,588,9530.13%4,712
20283,594,3310.15%5,378
20293,600,1880.16%5,857
20303,606,2680.17%6,080
20313,612,4610.17%6,193
20323,618,8160.18%6,355
20333,625,3230.18%6,507
20343,631,9720.18%6,649
20353,638,7560.19%6,784

Berlin Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Berlin3,570,7500.11%
Hamburg1,788,170-0.05%
Munich1,566,1280.82%
Cologne1,136,9920.74%
Frankfurt791,2320.82%
Duesseldorf637,6580.41%
Stuttgart634,7400.15%
Leipzig600,6090.73%
Dortmund589,8650.02%
Dresden585,4460.79%
Essen581,112-0.08%
Bremen567,1460.14%
Hannover537,7830.07%
Duisburg522,4180.65%
Nurenberg511,839-0.01%
Bochum379,2190.39%
Wuppertal348,551-0.10%
Mannheim340,1731.16%
Westfalen336,2440.87%
Bielefeld334,460-0.00%

Other Cities in Germany

  1. The Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandeburg - Berlin population data and statistics
  2. Federal Statistical Office - Population development and demographic change

Sources