Berlin Population 2021

3,566,791
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Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of Germany's 16 states. It is also the largest city in Germany. It is also the second-most populous city proper and the 7th most populous urban region in the European Union. Berlin is located in northeastern Germany along the River Spree. In 2016, the population of Berlin is estimated at 3.5 million.

Population Density of Berlin

Berlin has a population of 3.5 million in 2016, up slightly from 3.4 million in 2014. The city is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region with a population of 5.8 million people from more than 180 countries. The Berlin urban area goes beyond the city limits with a population of approximately 3.7 million. In 2016, the city had a population density of 3,809 people per square kilometer.

Berlin Demographics

There is a long history of migration into Berlin. In 1685, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes to promote civil unity in France, Berlin created the Edict of Potsdam to guarantee tax-free status and religious freedom to French Huguenot refugees for a decade. During the 1960s and 70s, asylum politics and immigration in West Berlin created massive waves of immigration.

There are many foreign-born populations in Berlin today, with countries of birth that include:

  • Turkey: 101,000 (the largest Turkish community outside Turkey)
  • Poland: 47,000
  • Italy: 20,000
  • Serbia: 19,000
  • Russia: 17,500
  • Bulgaria: 16,000
  • France: 15,000
  • United States: 14,500
  • Vietnam: 14,000
  • United Kingdom: 11,500
  • Spain: 11,500
  • Greece: 11,000
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: 10,500
  • Austria: 10,000
  • Croatia: 10,000
  • Romania: 9,000
  • Ukraine: 9,000

Other sizable foreign-born populations include people from Lebanon, China, Thailand, Macedonia, Netherlands, Iran, Sweden, Portugal, Hungary, Israel, Brazil, South Korea, Latvia, Japan, Denmark, Republic of Kosovo, India, and Syria. In 2010, 13.5% of the population were of foreign nationality from 190 countries. In 2008, it was estimated that up to 30% of the population was foreign-born.

About 60% of Berlin's population have no registered religious affiliation. Thus the city is often called the atheist capital of Europe. Large religious denominations in Berlin include Protestants (19%), Roman Catholics (9%), Muslims (8%), other Christian denominations (2.5%) and other religions (1%).

Berlin History

Berlin's history was first documented in the 1200s, although recent evidence suggests that the city may be even older. It became capital of Prussia in 1701, followed by the German Empire (1871), the Weimar Republic (1919) and the Third Reich (1933). In the 1920s, it was the third largest city in the world. After the end of WWII, Berlin along with the German state was divided into East Berlin (the capital of the German Democratic Republic) or East Germany, and West Berlin, a political exclave and de facto state of the Federal Republic of Germany. The city once more became the capital of all of Germany after reunification in 1990.

Berlin Population Growth

The Berlin Senate predicts the city's population will grow slightly to 3.75 million by 2030, with a 20% increase for the 6 to 18-year-old age group and the average age increasing somewhat to about 44. In 2013, however, statisticians found that the country has 1.5 million fewer people than believed, with Berlin having 180,000 fewer residents.

Historically, the population has changed significantly over the years in Berlin. In 1250, the population was barely over 1,000 residents. By 1576 the population had grown to 12,000 before dropping down to 9,000 just twenty years later in the early 1600s. This decline continued into 1648, reaching as low as 6,000 inhabitants. 1685 however, brought a serious increase of population, showing over 17,000 now residing in the area. From this point forward, the city continued to multiply in numbers, reaching 1 million by 1880 and peaking in the 1930s in the 4 million range. Of course, the wars would change this considerably, and the records indicate a final drop to 2.8 million before continuing on a positive growth track and maintaining a population of at least 3 million individuals.

Year Population
20353,638,756
20343,631,972
20333,625,323
20323,618,816
20313,612,461
20303,606,268
20293,600,188
20283,594,331
20273,588,953
20263,584,241
20253,580,188
20243,576,873
20233,573,938
20223,570,750
20213,566,791
20203,562,038
20193,556,792
20183,552,123
20173,539,234
20163,526,391
20153,513,595
20143,500,863
20133,488,177
20123,475,555
20113,462,944
20103,450,395
20093,437,892
20083,425,567
20073,413,367
20063,401,226
20053,391,496
20043,388,152
20033,390,456
20023,391,094
20013,388,441
20003,384,417
19993,392,756
19983,412,301
19973,442,267
19963,462,965
19953,471,395
19943,473,705
19933,470,553
19923,455,876
19913,439,841
19903,421,662
19893,381,095
19883,253,960
19873,272,990
19863,095,453
19853,060,484
19843,042,744
19833,041,327
19823,048,489
19813,051,544
19803,056,082
19793,070,801
19783,085,570
19773,100,411
19763,115,302
19753,130,306
19743,145,362
19733,160,490
19723,175,669
19713,190,964
19703,206,311
19693,212,283
19683,217,257
19673,222,253
19663,227,249
19653,232,253
19643,237,257
19633,242,284
19623,247,311
19613,252,346
19603,259,833
19593,267,539
19583,275,252
19573,282,984
19563,290,724
19553,298,503
19543,306,290
19533,314,095
19523,321,908
19513,329,761
19503,337,621

Berlin Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20353,638,7560.19%6,784
20343,631,9720.18%6,649
20333,625,3230.18%6,507
20323,618,8160.18%6,355
20313,612,4610.17%6,193
20303,606,2680.17%6,080
20293,600,1880.16%5,857
20283,594,3310.15%5,378
20273,588,9530.13%4,712
20263,584,2410.11%4,053
20253,580,1880.09%3,315
20243,576,8730.08%2,935
20233,573,9380.09%3,188
20223,570,7500.11%3,959
20213,566,7910.13%4,753
20203,562,0380.15%5,246
20193,556,7920.13%4,669
20183,552,1230.36%12,889
20173,539,2340.36%12,843
20163,526,3910.36%12,796
20153,513,5950.36%12,732
20143,500,8630.36%12,686
20133,488,1770.36%12,622
20123,475,5550.36%12,611
20113,462,9440.36%12,549
20103,450,3950.36%12,503
20093,437,8920.36%12,325
20083,425,5670.36%12,200
20073,413,3670.36%12,141
20063,401,2260.29%9,730
20053,391,4960.10%3,344
20043,388,152-0.07%-2,304
20033,390,456-0.02%-638
20023,391,0940.08%2,653
20013,388,4410.12%4,024
20003,384,417-0.25%-8,339
19993,392,756-0.57%-19,545
19983,412,301-0.87%-29,966
19973,442,267-0.60%-20,698
19963,462,965-0.24%-8,430
19953,471,395-0.07%-2,310
19943,473,7050.09%3,152
19933,470,5530.42%14,677
19923,455,8760.47%16,035
19913,439,8410.53%18,179
19903,421,6621.20%40,567
19893,381,0953.91%127,135
19883,253,960-0.58%-19,030
19873,272,9905.74%177,537
19863,095,4531.14%34,969
19853,060,4840.58%17,740
19843,042,7440.05%1,417
19833,041,327-0.23%-7,162
19823,048,489-0.10%-3,055
19813,051,544-0.15%-4,538
19803,056,082-0.48%-14,719
19793,070,801-0.48%-14,769
19783,085,570-0.48%-14,841
19773,100,411-0.48%-14,891
19763,115,302-0.48%-15,004
19753,130,306-0.48%-15,056
19743,145,362-0.48%-15,128
19733,160,490-0.48%-15,179
19723,175,669-0.48%-15,295
19713,190,964-0.48%-15,347
19703,206,311-0.19%-5,972
19693,212,283-0.15%-4,974
19683,217,257-0.16%-4,996
19673,222,253-0.15%-4,996
19663,227,249-0.15%-5,004
19653,232,253-0.15%-5,004
19643,237,257-0.16%-5,027
19633,242,284-0.15%-5,027
19623,247,311-0.15%-5,035
19613,252,346-0.23%-7,487
19603,259,833-0.24%-7,706
19593,267,539-0.24%-7,713
19583,275,252-0.24%-7,732
19573,282,984-0.24%-7,740
19563,290,724-0.24%-7,779
19553,298,503-0.24%-7,787
19543,306,290-0.24%-7,805
19533,314,095-0.24%-7,813
19523,321,908-0.24%-7,853
19513,329,761-0.24%-7,860
19503,337,6210.00%

Berlin Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Berlin3,566,7910.13%
Hamburg1,788,995-0.05%
Munich1,553,3730.98%
Cologne1,128,6520.88%
Frankfurt784,7800.98%
Duesseldorf635,0460.49%
Stuttgart633,8080.18%
Leipzig596,2300.88%
Dortmund589,7480.03%
Essen581,579-0.09%
Dresden580,8770.94%
Bremen566,3310.17%
Hannover537,4180.08%
Duisburg519,0560.77%
Nurenberg511,889-0.01%
Bochum377,7450.47%
Wuppertal348,898-0.12%
Mannheim336,2671.39%
Bielefeld334,475-0.00%
Westfalen333,3411.04%

Other Cities in Germany

  1. The Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandeburg - Berlin population data and statistics
  2. Federal Statistical Office - Population development and demographic change

Sources