Guangzhou Population 2021

13,635,397
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Guangzhou's 2021 population is now estimated at 13,635,397. In 1950, the population of Guangzhou was 1,048,975. Guangzhou has grown by 333,865 since 2015, which represents a 2.51% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Guangzhou, which typically includes Guangzhou's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Guangzhou, known historically as Canton or Kwangchow, is the largest city and capital of China's Guangdong province. Located on the Pearl River approximately 120 kilometers northwest of Hong Kong, the city is one of five National Central Cities and a major international hub. The estimated population for the city in 2016 is over 13 million.

It's also the third largest city in China and the largest in the southern part of the country. The current 2016 population of Guangzhou is estimated to be over 13,000,000.

This shows an increase from the 12.78 million recorded at the 2010 census. The urban population of Guangzhou is 11,070,654, with the remainder living in the rural areas of the city. Some estimates, however, place the urban population as high as 25 million.

While Guangzhou's population is over 13 million, The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, which includes Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan, Dongguan, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Zhongshan and parts of Zhaoqing and Huizhou, has an estimated population of over 50 million.

City Size and Population Density

The density of Guangzhou is now around 2,000 people per square kilometer, or 5,100 people per square mile. While this certainly doesn't compare to the most densely populated cities in the world, some of which reach over 42,000/sq km, it does leave room for additional growth in the years to come. This density is calculated by dividing the population total by the area, of which Guangzhou claims 7,434.4 square kilometers of total surface area (2,870 square miles).

Guangzhou Demographics

The region around Guangzhou is known for its massive influx of migrants, with up to 30 million additional migrants living in the area for at least six months out of every year. This vast influx of people from other areas, called the floating population, is due to the city's fast-growing economy and high labor demands.

Interestingly, many of the railroad laborers who worked in Panama, the United States and Canada during the 19th century came from Guangzhou and its surrounding areas. Many from this region also left to California during the 1849 gold rush, and to Australia a decade later. While emigration has slowed recently due to Guangzhou's economic prosperity, it's still a major source of immigrants to the rest of the world, especially North America.

Most of Guangzhou's population is Han Chinese, like most of China. The largest subgroup of Han Chinese in the region are the Cantonese people. Like the rest of China, Guangzhou has a very unbalanced gender ratio, but its province has a higher imbalance than the rest of the country. While most areas of China have 112-120 boys per 100 girls, the Guangdong province that houses Guangzhou has more than 130 boys for every 100 girls.

Mandarin and Cantonese are the popular languages in the area.

Guangzhou Population Growth

Guangzhou announced plans in 2012 to limit its population growth by 2020 as it faces a considerable demand on overloaded services in the city. Efforts continue to limit the population of Guangzhou and other highly populated areas.

Guangzhou Mayor Wan Qingliang told an urban planning seminar that Guangzhou is facing a severe population problem stating that, while the city had 10.33 million registered residents at the time with targets and scales of land use based on this number, the city had a population with migrants of nearly 15 million.

Guangzhou faces land shortage as well as scarcity of public resources, and it is estimated that the city's population will push past 18 million by 2020 without some population control in effect to reduce the number of low-skilled workers and bring in more qualified people.

Guangzhou's natural birth rate has remained around 6.2% per year for many years, and the growth in the area has been primarily due to migrants from nearby provinces and cities. The number of migrants in Guangzhou increases by around 300,000 each year.

According to the Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences researcher Peng Peng, [the city is almost at its maximum capacity of just 15 million,](Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences research Peng Peng) which means the city is facing a great strain, mostly due to a high population of unregistered people.

This means that Guangzhou is growing too fast for its infrastructure and public services, so its population should begin to stabilize somewhat if the government enacts the population controls its attempting. It will remain one of the largest cities in China, and one of 8 cities in the country with a population of 10 million.

Guangzhou Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
203516,740,9730.69%115,131
203416,625,8420.78%128,487
203316,497,3550.87%142,568
203216,354,7870.97%157,292
203116,197,4951.08%173,330
203016,024,1651.20%190,445
202915,833,7201.34%208,851
202815,624,8691.48%228,269
202715,396,6001.64%248,745
202615,147,8551.81%269,164
202514,878,6911.98%288,595
202414,590,0962.14%305,743
202314,284,3532.29%319,716
202213,964,6372.41%329,240
202113,635,3972.51%333,865
202013,301,5322.57%333,670
201912,967,8622.61%329,557
201812,638,3052.62%322,641
201712,315,6642.62%313,977
201612,001,6872.62%306,805
201511,694,8822.62%298,557
201411,396,3252.62%290,934
201311,105,3912.62%283,122
201210,822,2692.62%276,656
201110,545,6132.60%267,416
201010,278,1972.57%257,180
200910,021,0172.56%250,405
20089,770,6122.57%244,812
20079,525,8002.57%238,354
20069,287,4462.57%232,390
20059,055,0562.56%226,267
20048,828,7892.57%221,214
20038,607,5752.57%215,378
20028,392,1972.57%209,989
20018,182,2084.74%370,200
20007,812,0089.19%657,598
19997,154,4109.18%601,449
19986,552,9619.18%550,888
19976,002,0739.17%503,911
19965,498,1629.19%462,823
19955,035,3399.18%423,306
19944,612,0339.18%387,719
19934,224,3149.17%354,658
19923,869,6569.19%325,739
19913,543,9179.18%297,926
19903,245,9916.62%201,625
19893,044,3666.61%188,848
19882,855,5186.63%177,607
19872,677,9116.62%166,339
19862,511,5726.62%156,006
19852,355,5666.61%146,121
19842,209,4456.63%137,422
19832,072,0236.62%128,704
19821,943,3191.95%37,086
19811,906,2331.94%36,328
19801,869,9051.95%35,734
19791,834,1711.95%35,003
19781,799,1681.95%34,335
19771,764,8331.94%33,634
19761,731,1991.95%33,083
19751,698,1161.95%32,406
19741,665,7101.95%31,788
19731,633,9221.94%31,139
19721,602,7831.95%30,629
19711,572,1541.95%30,003
19701,542,1511.95%29,430
19691,512,7211.94%28,829
19681,483,8921.95%28,357
19671,455,5351.95%27,777
19661,427,7581.95%27,247
19651,400,5111.94%26,690
19641,373,8211.95%26,254
19631,347,5671.95%25,717
19621,321,8501.95%25,226
19611,296,6241.94%24,710
19601,271,9141.95%24,306
19591,247,6081.95%23,809
19581,223,7991.95%23,355
19571,200,4441.94%22,878
19561,177,5661.95%22,503
19551,155,0631.95%22,043
19541,133,0201.95%21,622
19531,111,3981.94%21,181
19521,090,2171.95%20,834
19511,069,3831.95%20,408
19501,048,9750.00%

Guangzhou Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Shanghai27,795,7022.72%
Beijing20,896,8202.12%
Chongqing16,382,3763.21%
Tianjin13,794,4501.51%
Guangzhou13,635,3972.51%
Shenzhen12,591,6961.90%
Chengdu9,305,1161.85%
Nanjing9,143,9803.35%
Wuhan8,473,4051.30%
Xi An Shaanxi8,274,6513.42%
Hangzhou7,845,5012.66%
Dongguan7,451,8890.59%
Suzhou7,427,0965.05%
Foshan7,406,7511.09%
Shenyang7,373,6552.13%
Haerbin6,526,4392.18%
Dalian5,775,9382.81%
Qingdao5,742,4862.18%
Ji Nan Shandong5,513,5972.86%
Zhengzhou5,510,3413.53%

Other Cities in China

  1. Guangzhou International - Guangzhou government and information
  2. Guangzhou Information - Guangzhou data and statistics
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources