Guangzhou Population 2023

Guangzhou's 2023 population is now estimated at 14,284,353In 1950, the population of Guangzhou was 1,048,975Guangzhou has grown by 319,716 in the last year, which represents a 2.29% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Guangzhou, which typically includes Guangzhou's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Guangzhou, known historically as Canton or Kwangchow, is the largest city and capital of China's Guangdong province. Located on the Pearl River approximately 120 kilometers northwest of Hong Kong, the city is one of five National Central Cities and a major international hub. The estimated population for the city in 2016 is over 13 million.

It's also the third largest city in China and the largest in the southern part of the country. The current 2016 population of Guangzhou is estimated to be over 13,000,000.

This shows an increase from the 12.78 million recorded at the 2010 census. The urban population of Guangzhou is 11,070,654, with the remainder living in the rural areas of the city. Some estimates, however, place the urban population as high as 25 million.

While Guangzhou's population is over 13 million, The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, which includes Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan, Dongguan, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Zhongshan and parts of Zhaoqing and Huizhou, has an estimated population of over 50 million.

City Size and Population Density

The density of Guangzhou is now around 2,000 people per square kilometer, or 5,100 people per square mile. While this certainly doesn't compare to the most densely populated cities in the world, some of which reach over 42,000/sq km, it does leave room for additional growth in the years to come. This density is calculated by dividing the population total by the area, of which Guangzhou claims 7,434.4 square kilometers of total surface area (2,870 square miles).

Guangzhou Demographics

The region around Guangzhou is known for its massive influx of migrants, with up to 30 million additional migrants living in the area for at least six months out of every year. This vast influx of people from other areas, called the floating population, is due to the city's fast-growing economy and high labor demands.

Interestingly, many of the railroad laborers who worked in Panama, the United States and Canada during the 19th century came from Guangzhou and its surrounding areas. Many from this region also left to California during the 1849 gold rush, and to Australia a decade later. While emigration has slowed recently due to Guangzhou's economic prosperity, it's still a major source of immigrants to the rest of the world, especially North America.

Most of Guangzhou's population is Han Chinese, like most of China. The largest subgroup of Han Chinese in the region are the Cantonese people. Like the rest of China, Guangzhou has a very unbalanced gender ratio, but its province has a higher imbalance than the rest of the country. While most areas of China have 112-120 boys per 100 girls, the Guangdong province that houses Guangzhou has more than 130 boys for every 100 girls.

Mandarin and Cantonese are the popular languages in the area.

Guangzhou Population Growth

Guangzhou announced plans in 2012 to limit its population growth by 2020 as it faces a considerable demand on overloaded services in the city. Efforts continue to limit the population of Guangzhou and other highly populated areas.

Guangzhou Mayor Wan Qingliang told an urban planning seminar that Guangzhou is facing a severe population problem stating that, while the city had 10.33 million registered residents at the time with targets and scales of land use based on this number, the city had a population with migrants of nearly 15 million.

Guangzhou faces land shortage as well as scarcity of public resources, and it is estimated that the city's population will push past 18 million by 2020 without some population control in effect to reduce the number of low-skilled workers and bring in more qualified people.

Guangzhou's natural birth rate has remained around 6.2% per year for many years, and the growth in the area has been primarily due to migrants from nearby provinces and cities. The number of migrants in Guangzhou increases by around 300,000 each year.

According to the Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences researcher Peng Peng, [the city is almost at its maximum capacity of just 15 million,](Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences research Peng Peng) which means the city is facing a great strain, mostly due to a high population of unregistered people.

This means that Guangzhou is growing too fast for its infrastructure and public services, so its population should begin to stabilize somewhat if the government enacts the population controls its attempting. It will remain one of the largest cities in China, and one of 8 cities in the country with a population of 10 million.

Country
China
Growth Rate
2.29%

Guangzhou Population 2023

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Growth
19501,048,975
19511,069,3831.95%20,408
19521,090,2171.95%20,834
19531,111,3981.94%21,181
19541,133,0201.95%21,622
19551,155,0631.95%22,043
19561,177,5661.95%22,503
19571,200,4441.94%22,878
19581,223,7991.95%23,355
19591,247,6081.95%23,809
19601,271,9141.95%24,306
19611,296,6241.94%24,710
19621,321,8501.95%25,226
19631,347,5671.95%25,717
19641,373,8211.95%26,254
19651,400,5111.94%26,690
19661,427,7581.95%27,247
19671,455,5351.95%27,777
19681,483,8921.95%28,357
19691,512,7211.94%28,829
19701,542,1511.95%29,430
19711,572,1541.95%30,003
19721,602,7831.95%30,629
19731,633,9221.94%31,139
19741,665,7101.95%31,788
19751,698,1161.95%32,406
19761,731,1991.95%33,083
19771,764,8331.94%33,634
19781,799,1681.95%34,335
19791,834,1711.95%35,003
19801,869,9051.95%35,734
19811,906,2331.94%36,328
19821,943,3191.95%37,086
19832,072,0236.62%128,704
19842,209,4456.63%137,422
19852,355,5666.61%146,121
19862,511,5726.62%156,006
19872,677,9116.62%166,339
19882,855,5186.63%177,607
19893,044,3666.61%188,848
19903,245,9916.62%201,625
19913,543,9179.18%297,926
19923,869,6569.19%325,739
19934,224,3149.17%354,658
19944,612,0339.18%387,719
19955,035,3399.18%423,306
19965,498,1629.19%462,823
19976,002,0739.17%503,911
19986,552,9619.18%550,888
19997,154,4109.18%601,449
20007,812,0089.19%657,598
20018,182,2084.74%370,200
20028,392,1972.57%209,989
20038,607,5752.57%215,378
20048,828,7892.57%221,214
20059,055,0562.56%226,267
20069,287,4462.57%232,390
20079,525,8002.57%238,354
20089,770,6122.57%244,812
200910,021,0172.56%250,405
201010,278,1972.57%257,180
201110,545,6132.6%267,416
201210,822,2692.62%276,656
201311,105,3912.62%283,122
201411,396,3252.62%290,934
201511,694,8822.62%298,557
201612,001,6872.62%306,805
201712,315,6642.62%313,977
201812,638,3052.62%322,641
201912,967,8622.61%329,557
202013,301,5322.57%333,670
202113,635,3972.51%333,865
202213,964,6372.41%329,240
202314,284,3532.29%319,716
202414,590,0962.14%305,743
202514,878,6911.98%288,595
202615,147,8551.81%269,164
202715,396,6001.64%248,745
202815,624,8691.48%228,269
202915,833,7201.34%208,851
203016,024,1651.2%190,445
203116,197,4951.08%173,330
203216,354,7870.97%157,292
203316,497,3550.87%142,568
203416,625,8420.78%128,487
203516,740,9730.69%115,131
showing: 86 rows

Guangzhou Population Data (Urban Area)

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Other Cities in China

  1. Guangzhou International - Guangzhou government and information
  2. Guangzhou Information - Guangzhou data and statistics

Sources