Kathmandu Population 2021

1,471,867
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Kathmandu is the largest municipality and the capital of Nepal. It's also the only city in the country with the Mahanagar (Metropolitan City) municipal status.

Kathmandu makes up the core of the largest urban agglomeration in the city in the Kathmandu Valley, which also includes Kirtipur, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Madhyapur Thimi, and smaller regions. Informally, the city is called KTM or the tri-city.

Kathmandu accounts for 1/12 of Nepal's total population, and it's the main gateway to the country's tourism industry. The city has a history going back more than 2,000 years.

City Size and Population Density

The city proper has a population density of 20,288 people per square kilometer (52,550 residents per square mile). This great population density is made possible by the rather small surface area the city has available, which comes to a total of approximately 50 square kilometers (19 square miles).

Kathmandu Demographics

Kathmandu is a very ethnically and culturally diverse city. The Newar are the largest ethnic group at 30% of the population, followed by the Matwali at 25% -- which includes the Tamang, Gurung, Sunuwar, Magars, and others -- the Khas Brahmins at 20%, and the Chettris at 18.5% of the population. The Tamangs were initially from the surrounding hills of the region. Many hill ethnic groups from Terai (the marshy forests and grasslands on the outer foothills of the Himalaya) have also migrated to the area.

Hinduism and Buddhism are the two primary religions in the city. Nepal remains the only official Hindu state in the world.

Nepali is the most commonly spoken language, as well as Nepal Bhasa and English. Hindi is also spoken and understood by most of the educated population.

The Nepal Earthquake

In April 2015, Kathmandu was devastated by the Nepal or Gorkha earthquake. This 7.8 magnitude earthquake killed more than 9,000 and injured over 23,000. It triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest that killed 19, which was the deadliest day of the mountain's history. The earthquake destroyed many landmarks and centuries-old structures in the region, including parts of the Kathmandu Durbar Square, the Changu Narayan Temple, and the Swayambhunath Stupa. The Swayambhunath or Monkey Temple is one of the oldest religious sites in the country. While it's considered a Buddhist temple, it's revered by Hindus and Buddhists alike.

Disaster experts knew the earthquake's damage to the area was coming. The valley is located on a fault line, and the city has an annual growth rate of 6.5% combined with one of the highest urban densities on earth and 1.5 million people living in the valley. Rampant code violations and haphazard urbanization in the region have been blamed for the high death toll.

Year Population
20352,220,436
20342,163,124
20332,106,296
20322,049,992
20311,994,248
20301,939,077
20291,884,520
20281,830,608
20271,777,368
20261,724,800
20251,672,903
20241,621,642
20231,571,010
20221,521,057
20211,471,867
20201,423,515
20191,376,108
20181,329,732
20171,277,463
20161,227,249
20151,179,009
20141,132,664
20131,088,142
20121,045,368
20111,004,278
2010964,802
2009926,879
2008890,495
2007855,445
2006821,820
2005789,516
2004758,524
2003728,669
2002700,027
2001672,511
2000641,986
1999612,668
1998584,727
1997558,060
1996532,644
1995508,319
1994485,137
1993463,012
1992441,925
1991421,743
1990397,973
1989375,436
1988354,203
1987334,117
1986315,196
1985297,346
1984280,529
1983264,621
1982249,635
1981235,498
1980225,143
1979215,288
1978205,878
1977196,878
1976188,284
1975180,043
1974172,173
1973164,647
1972157,460
1971150,568
1970147,247
1969144,081
1968140,987
1967137,951
1966134,985
1965132,083
1964129,247
1963126,464
1962123,745
1961121,084
1960119,177
1959117,312
1958115,479
1957113,675
1956111,901
1955110,151
1954108,430
1953106,735
1952105,920
1951105,197
1950104,479

Kathmandu Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20352,220,4362.65%57,312
20342,163,1242.70%56,828
20332,106,2962.75%56,304
20322,049,9922.80%55,744
20311,994,2482.85%55,171
20301,939,0772.90%54,557
20291,884,5202.95%53,912
20281,830,6083.00%53,240
20271,777,3683.05%52,568
20261,724,8003.10%51,897
20251,672,9033.16%51,261
20241,621,6423.22%50,632
20231,571,0103.28%49,953
20221,521,0573.34%49,190
20211,471,8673.40%48,352
20201,423,5153.45%47,407
20191,376,1083.49%46,376
20181,329,7324.09%52,269
20171,277,4634.09%50,214
20161,227,2494.09%48,240
20151,179,0094.09%46,345
20141,132,6644.09%44,522
20131,088,1424.09%42,774
20121,045,3684.09%41,090
20111,004,2784.09%39,476
2010964,8024.09%37,923
2009926,8794.09%36,384
2008890,4954.10%35,050
2007855,4454.09%33,625
2006821,8204.09%32,304
2005789,5164.09%30,992
2004758,5244.10%29,855
2003728,6694.09%28,642
2002700,0274.09%27,516
2001672,5114.75%30,525
2000641,9864.79%29,318
1999612,6684.78%27,941
1998584,7274.78%26,667
1997558,0604.77%25,416
1996532,6444.79%24,325
1995508,3194.78%23,182
1994485,1374.78%22,125
1993463,0124.77%21,087
1992441,9254.79%20,182
1991421,7435.97%23,770
1990397,9736.00%22,537
1989375,4365.99%21,233
1988354,2036.01%20,086
1987334,1176.00%18,921
1986315,1966.00%17,850
1985297,3465.99%16,817
1984280,5296.01%15,908
1983264,6216.00%14,986
1982249,6356.00%14,137
1981235,4984.60%10,355
1980225,1434.58%9,855
1979215,2884.57%9,410
1978205,8784.57%9,000
1977196,8784.56%8,594
1976188,2844.58%8,241
1975180,0434.57%7,870
1974172,1734.57%7,526
1973164,6474.56%7,187
1972157,4604.58%6,892
1971150,5682.26%3,321
1970147,2472.20%3,166
1969144,0812.19%3,094
1968140,9872.20%3,036
1967137,9512.20%2,966
1966134,9852.20%2,902
1965132,0832.19%2,836
1964129,2472.20%2,783
1963126,4642.20%2,719
1962123,7452.20%2,661
1961121,0841.60%1,907
1960119,1771.59%1,865
1959117,3121.59%1,833
1958115,4791.59%1,804
1957113,6751.59%1,774
1956111,9011.59%1,750
1955110,1511.59%1,721
1954108,4301.59%1,695
1953106,7350.77%815
1952105,9200.69%723
1951105,1970.69%718
1950104,4790.00%

Kathmandu Population Data (Urban Area)

Other Cities in Nepal

  1. Open Nepal - Population of Kathmandu Metropolitan City according to age group and gender - 2011
  2. Central Bureau of Statistics - Kathmandu National Population Census 2011

Sources