Kiev Population 2021

3,000,604
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Kiev's 2021 population is now estimated at 3,000,604. In 1950, the population of Kiev was 815,410. Kiev has grown by 12,428 since 2015, which represents a 0.42% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Kiev, which typically includes Kiev's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Kiev is the capital of Ukraine. Not only is it the capital city but it is the largest city by population. The last population estimate of Kiev shows that 2,887,974 people are residing in the city. Not only does that make it the largest city in Ukraine but also the 7th most populous in Europe.

City Size and Population Density

The city of Kiev covers a considerable total surface area of 839 square kilometers (324 square miles). When combined with the entire population of just under 3 million residents, the population density calculation comes to about 3,299 residents per square kilometer (8,540 residents per square mile).

Kiev Demographics

When breaking down the numbers, Kiev’s population is skewed in favor of females. Females make up over 53% of the city’s total population, while males make up over 46% of the population.

Kiev is a very diverse city, and data taken during the 2001 census show that over 130 ethnic groups and nationalities live in the city. The majority of the population – over 82% -- are Ukrainian. There is also a large number of Russians, at over 13% of the total population. There is also a large Jewish community residing within the city, with just under 20,000 people. The percentages break down to show that Ukrainians constitute the largest ethnic group in Kiev, and they account for 2,110,800 people or 82.2% of the population. Russians comprise 337,300 (13.1%), Jews 17,900 (0.7%), Belarusians 16,500 (0.6%), Poles 6,900 (0.3%), Armenians 4,900 (0.2%), Azerbaijanis 2,600 (0.1%), Tatars 2,500 (0.1%), Georgians 2,400 (0.1%), Moldovans 1,900 (0.1%).

Approximately three-quarters of the population speak Ukrainian, while the remaining quarter speak Russian. Over 1 million residents have completed higher or secondary education, reflecting an increase of over 21% from data recorded during the 1980s.

Kiev History

It is thought that the first humans to inhabit the area were around during the Stone Age. Ancient legend tells the story of Kyi, Schek and Khoryv, and their sister Lybed, who together founded the city during the 5th or 6th century. However, it has been recorded that the official founding occurred in 482 A.D.

Moving forward to the 11th century, Kiev had grown to be one of the largest cities in Europe. It was a center for crafts and shopping and was also home to hundreds of churches. The population during this time was 50,000. Unfortunately, during the 1100s and 1200s, there were numerous bloody battles, and the city fell into decline. However, the city soon bounced back and became a center of culture, politics, and arts.

During the 15th century, the city was granted Magdeburg Rights to give the city more independence in terms of international commerce. The 1600s saw the establishment of the Kiev-Mogilyanskaya Academy, which made the city a center for education. The city began fighting for its independence during the 1600s. Following the fall of the Russian Empire, Ukraine was declared independent. However, during the Civil War, the country was seized and it – along with the city of Kiev – became part of the Soviet Union.

During World War II, much of the city’s treasures and churches were destroyed. However, the city began to rebuild following the war. In the 1990s, the Soviet Union collapsed, and the country declared its independence.

Kiev Population Growth

The population of Kiev has seen many ups and downs throughout the years. In the early 1900s, the population was counted at 450,000 people, rising to over 626,000 in 1914 before declining again. The population quickly began to climb again, and by the end of the 1950s, over 1 million people lived in the city. By the 1980s, this number had doubled. By 2015, this number began rising closer to 3 million. While many years saw double-digit growth, the 2000s have seen years with slight declines, but now, population counts are on the rise, though not at such a high rate of growth. This thriving city which has a rich culture, many historical landmarks, and modern attractions continues to make Kiev an appealing place to live, which is why growth is expected to continue at a steady rate.

Kiev Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20352,990,733-0.08%-2,358
20342,993,091-0.08%-2,360
20332,995,451-0.09%-2,776
20322,998,227-0.08%-2,364
20313,000,591-0.11%-3,218
20303,003,809-0.08%-2,368
20293,006,177-0.12%-3,610
20283,009,787-0.08%-2,373
20273,012,160-0.12%-3,618
20263,015,778-0.08%-2,378
20253,018,156-0.07%-2,072
20243,020,2280.11%3,439
20233,016,7890.22%6,580
20223,010,2090.32%9,605
20213,000,6040.42%12,428
20202,988,1760.50%14,841
20192,973,3350.56%16,629
20182,956,7060.71%20,714
20172,935,9920.71%20,569
20162,915,4230.71%20,481
20152,894,9420.71%20,310
20142,874,6320.71%20,166
20132,854,4660.71%19,998
20122,834,4680.71%19,913
20112,814,5550.71%19,745
20102,794,8100.71%19,607
20092,775,2030.84%23,110
20082,752,0930.97%26,573
20072,725,5200.97%26,279
20062,699,2410.97%26,027
20052,673,2140.79%20,956
20042,652,2580.61%16,145
20032,636,1130.61%16,025
20022,620,0880.40%10,496
20012,609,5920.13%3,267
20002,606,3250.13%3,272
19992,603,0530.13%3,262
19982,599,7910.13%3,259
19972,596,5320.13%3,251
19962,593,2810.13%3,255
19952,590,0260.13%3,246
19942,586,7800.13%3,243
19932,583,5370.13%3,234
19922,580,3030.13%3,239
19912,577,0640.13%3,230
19902,573,8340.13%3,227
19892,570,6071.03%26,165
19882,544,4421.83%45,711
19872,498,7311.83%44,828
19862,453,9031.83%44,025
19852,409,8781.82%43,175
19842,366,7031.83%42,518
19832,324,1851.83%41,697
19822,282,4881.83%40,949
19812,241,5391.82%40,159
19802,201,3801.83%39,548
19792,161,8322.50%52,806
19782,109,0263.08%62,983
19772,046,0433.07%61,019
19761,985,0243.08%59,360
19751,925,6643.08%57,507
19741,868,1573.08%55,790
19731,812,3673.07%54,050
19721,758,3173.08%52,581
19711,705,7363.08%50,940
19701,654,7963.37%53,929
19691,600,8673.61%55,767
19681,545,1003.62%53,970
19671,491,1303.61%52,015
19661,439,1153.61%50,201
19651,388,9143.61%48,383
19641,340,5313.62%46,825
19631,293,7063.61%45,128
19621,248,5783.61%43,554
19611,205,0243.61%41,978
19601,163,0463.62%40,625
19591,122,4213.61%39,154
19581,083,2673.61%37,787
19571,045,4803.61%36,420
19561,009,0603.62%35,247
1955973,8133.61%33,969
1954939,8443.61%32,785
1953907,0593.61%31,598
1952875,4613.62%30,579
1951844,8823.61%29,472
1950815,4100.00%

Kiev Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Kiev3,000,6040.42%
Kharkiv1,425,987-0.21%
Odesa1,008,508-0.08%
Dnipro951,821-0.58%
Donetsk899,325-0.69%
Zaporizhzhya731,984-0.57%
Lviv722,476-0.18%
Kryvyi Rih613,696-0.81%
Mykolaiv482,873-0.37%
Mariupol436,644-0.65%
Luhansk398,505-0.82%
Sevastopol397,1700.63%
Vinnitsa375,6420.09%
Simferopol340,123-0.08%
Makiivka336,382-0.72%

Other Cities in Ukraine

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources