Madrid Population 2021

6,668,865
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Madrid's 2021 population is now estimated at 6,668,865. In 1950, the population of Madrid was 1,699,752. Madrid has grown by 51,352 since 2015, which represents a 0.78% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Madrid, which typically includes Madrid's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. Located on the Manzanares River in the center of Spain, it is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and Leon and Castile-La Mancha. In 2014, Madrid has an estimated population of 3.3 million, which makes it the third largest city in the European Union behind London and Berlin.

Madrid has an estimated population of 3.3 million, but the population of the Madrid metropolitan area is estimated to be about 6.5 million. This is the third-largest metropolitan area in the European Union behind London and Paris.

City Size and Population Density

Madrid has 40 surrounding municipalities that create the Madrid metropolitan area with a total area of 5,335.97 square kilometres (2,060.23 square miles). There are two zones of urbanization: an inner ring and outer ring. The largest suburbs are in the South along the roads out of Madrid.

The city has a population density of 5,400 people per square kilometer, or 14,000 per square mile.

Madrid Demographics

An improving Spanish economy led to a demographic boom in Madrid in the late 1990s and the early 21st century with international immigration. Madrid has long attracted immigrants from around the world. Nearly 84% of the city's population are Spaniards, while those of other origins account for more than 16% of the population.

The largest immigrant groups in Madrid include:

  • Ecuadorian: 104,000
  • Romanian: 53,000
  • Bolivian: 44,000
  • Colombian: 36,000
  • Peruvian: 35,000
  • Chinese: 35,000
  • Moroccan: 33,000
  • Dominican: 20,000
  • Brazilian: 15,000
  • Paraguayan: 14,000

There are also large groups of Filipinos, Bulgarians, Indians, Italians, Argentines, Senegalese, Poles and Equatorial Guineans in the city. Immigrants are largely concentrated in specific districts of Madrid, including Usera (28.4%), Centro (27%), Carabanchel (23%), and Tetuan 22%).

Madrid History

Present-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times. Its population was first Iberian and then Roman. It is believed the original settlement was called Matrice. Madrid was not mentioned in history until the 10th century, when there was already a castle or fort at the site of the present-day Royal Palace. The fort was occupied by the Moors, who named it Mayrit (later Madrid). The walls of this settlement are still visible today.

The Moors kept control of Madrid until it was conquered in 1085 by Alfonso VI. The king ordered the mosque in the fort's walls "purified" and consecrated as a Catholic church under the guidance of the Virgin of the Almudena, which became Madrid's female patron saint.

In the centuries to come, Madrid developed quickly. The Main Square was built under John II in the 13th century. Enrique III later ordered the construction of of the El Pardo Palace and the city continued growing. In 1561, the Spanish Court was transferred from Toledo to Madrid.

By the 20th century, Madrid became the largest GDP city in Spain and third in Western Europe. The city boasts modern infrastructure yet the feel of many historic neighborhoods. Like many European cities, Madrid watched its population drop from the 1970s through the 1990s as people spread to the suburbs, but the city began surging again in the 1990s.

Madrid Population Growth

Madrid's population growth has been fairly stable in the last few years at just 1.4%, only slightly above the national average of 1.2%. The city is expected to continue its stable growth in the coming decade.

Madrid Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20356,975,0170.18%12,488
20346,962,5290.19%12,951
20336,949,5780.19%13,463
20326,936,1150.20%14,104
20316,922,0110.22%14,878
20306,907,1330.23%15,910
20296,891,2230.25%17,200
20286,874,0230.27%18,799
20276,855,2240.31%20,902
20266,834,3220.35%23,792
20256,810,5300.40%27,289
20246,783,2410.47%31,867
20236,751,3740.56%37,817
20226,713,5570.67%44,692
20216,668,8650.78%51,352
20206,617,5130.89%58,472
20196,559,0410.95%61,917
20186,497,1241.46%93,222
20176,403,9021.46%91,885
20166,312,0171.46%90,567
20156,221,4501.46%89,268
20146,132,1821.46%87,986
20136,044,1961.46%86,724
20125,957,4721.46%85,714
20115,871,7581.46%84,366
20105,787,3921.46%83,153
20095,704,2391.46%81,847
20085,622,3921.46%80,893
20075,541,4991.46%79,620
20065,461,8791.46%78,477
20055,383,4021.46%77,243
20045,306,1591.46%76,343
20035,229,8161.46%75,142
20025,154,6741.42%72,349
20015,082,3251.35%67,914
20005,014,4111.36%67,190
19994,947,2211.36%66,199
19984,881,0221.36%65,314
19974,815,7081.35%64,351
19964,751,3571.36%63,666
19954,687,6911.36%62,726
19944,624,9651.36%61,887
19934,563,0781.35%60,976
19924,502,1021.36%60,326
19914,441,7760.63%27,906
19904,413,8700.27%11,915
19894,401,9550.27%11,867
19884,390,0880.27%11,868
19874,378,2200.27%11,820
19864,366,4000.27%11,787
19854,354,6130.27%11,739
19844,342,8740.27%11,741
19834,331,1330.27%11,692
19824,319,4410.27%11,660
19814,307,7811.28%54,591
19804,253,1901.80%75,292
19794,177,8981.80%73,858
19784,104,0401.80%72,553
19774,031,4871.80%71,172
19763,960,3151.80%70,107
19753,890,2081.80%68,772
19743,821,4361.80%67,557
19733,753,8791.80%66,271
19723,687,6081.80%65,280
19713,622,3282.88%101,467
19703,520,8613.97%134,429
19693,386,4323.96%129,122
19683,257,3103.98%124,534
19673,132,7763.97%119,612
19663,013,1643.97%115,045
19652,898,1193.96%110,503
19642,787,6163.98%106,577
19632,681,0393.97%102,364
19622,578,6753.97%98,455
19612,480,2203.71%88,677
19602,391,5433.46%80,044
19592,311,4993.46%77,260
19582,234,2393.46%74,677
19572,159,5623.45%72,084
19562,087,4783.46%69,867
19552,017,6113.46%67,437
19541,950,1743.46%65,182
19531,884,9923.45%62,919
19521,822,0733.46%60,984
19511,761,0893.61%61,337
19501,699,7520.00%

Madrid Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Madrid6,668,8650.78%
Barcelona5,624,4980.70%
Valencia835,3410.19%
Zaragoza733,8250.41%
Seville702,386-0.20%
Malaga591,0910.18%
Murcia504,4910.94%
Palma472,1401.10%
Las Palmas Gran Canaria402,7320.21%
Alicante372,6650.79%
Bilbao348,518-0.32%
Cordoba344,2140.14%
Vigo307,0560.07%
Valladolid303,613-0.47%

Other Cities in Spain

  1. Statistics National Institute - Madrid information and population data
  2. Kyero Data - Population of Madrid data
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources