Madrid Population 2022

6,713,557
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Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. Located on the Manzanares River in the center of Spain, it is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and Leon and Castile-La Mancha. In 2014, Madrid has an estimated population of 3.3 million, which makes it the third largest city in the European Union behind London and Berlin.

Madrid has an estimated population of 3.3 million, but the population of the Madrid metropolitan area is estimated to be about 6.5 million. This is the third-largest metropolitan area in the European Union behind London and Paris.

City Size and Population Density

Madrid has 40 surrounding municipalities that create the Madrid metropolitan area with a total area of 5,335.97 square kilometres (2,060.23 square miles). There are two zones of urbanization: an inner ring and outer ring. The largest suburbs are in the South along the roads out of Madrid.

The city has a population density of 5,400 people per square kilometer, or 14,000 per square mile.

Madrid Demographics

An improving Spanish economy led to a demographic boom in Madrid in the late 1990s and the early 21st century with international immigration. Madrid has long attracted immigrants from around the world. Nearly 84% of the city's population are Spaniards, while those of other origins account for more than 16% of the population.

The largest immigrant groups in Madrid include:

  • Ecuadorian: 104,000
  • Romanian: 53,000
  • Bolivian: 44,000
  • Colombian: 36,000
  • Peruvian: 35,000
  • Chinese: 35,000
  • Moroccan: 33,000
  • Dominican: 20,000
  • Brazilian: 15,000
  • Paraguayan: 14,000

There are also large groups of Filipinos, Bulgarians, Indians, Italians, Argentines, Senegalese, Poles and Equatorial Guineans in the city. Immigrants are largely concentrated in specific districts of Madrid, including Usera (28.4%), Centro (27%), Carabanchel (23%), and Tetuan 22%).

Madrid History

Present-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times. Its population was first Iberian and then Roman. It is believed the original settlement was called Matrice. Madrid was not mentioned in history until the 10th century, when there was already a castle or fort at the site of the present-day Royal Palace. The fort was occupied by the Moors, who named it Mayrit (later Madrid). The walls of this settlement are still visible today.

The Moors kept control of Madrid until it was conquered in 1085 by Alfonso VI. The king ordered the mosque in the fort's walls "purified" and consecrated as a Catholic church under the guidance of the Virgin of the Almudena, which became Madrid's female patron saint.

In the centuries to come, Madrid developed quickly. The Main Square was built under John II in the 13th century. Enrique III later ordered the construction of of the El Pardo Palace and the city continued growing. In 1561, the Spanish Court was transferred from Toledo to Madrid.

By the 20th century, Madrid became the largest GDP city in Spain and third in Western Europe. The city boasts modern infrastructure yet the feel of many historic neighborhoods. Like many European cities, Madrid watched its population drop from the 1970s through the 1990s as people spread to the suburbs, but the city began surging again in the 1990s.

Madrid Population Growth

Madrid's population growth has been fairly stable in the last few years at just 1.4%, only slightly above the national average of 1.2%. The city is expected to continue its stable growth in the coming decade.

Year Population
19501,699,752
19511,761,089
19521,822,073
19531,884,992
19541,950,174
19552,017,611
19562,087,478
19572,159,562
19582,234,239
19592,311,499
19602,391,543
19612,480,220
19622,578,675
19632,681,039
19642,787,616
19652,898,119
19663,013,164
19673,132,776
19683,257,310
19693,386,432
19703,520,861
19713,622,328
19723,687,608
19733,753,879
19743,821,436
19753,890,208
19763,960,315
19774,031,487
19784,104,040
19794,177,898
19804,253,190
19814,307,781
19824,319,441
19834,331,133
19844,342,874
19854,354,613
19864,366,400
19874,378,220
19884,390,088
19894,401,955
19904,413,870
19914,441,776
19924,502,102
19934,563,078
19944,624,965
19954,687,691
19964,751,357
19974,815,708
19984,881,022
19994,947,221
20005,014,411
20015,082,325
20025,154,674
20035,229,816
20045,306,159
20055,383,402
20065,461,879
20075,541,499
20085,622,392
20095,704,239
20105,787,392
20115,871,758
20125,957,472
20136,044,196
20146,132,182
20156,221,450
20166,312,017
20176,403,902
20186,497,124
20196,559,041
20206,617,513
20216,668,865
20226,713,557
20236,751,374
20246,783,241
20256,810,530
20266,834,322
20276,855,224
20286,874,023
20296,891,223
20306,907,133
20316,922,011
20326,936,115
20336,949,578
20346,962,529
20356,975,017

Madrid Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19501,699,7520.00%
19511,761,0893.61%61,337
19521,822,0733.46%60,984
19531,884,9923.45%62,919
19541,950,1743.46%65,182
19552,017,6113.46%67,437
19562,087,4783.46%69,867
19572,159,5623.45%72,084
19582,234,2393.46%74,677
19592,311,4993.46%77,260
19602,391,5433.46%80,044
19612,480,2203.71%88,677
19622,578,6753.97%98,455
19632,681,0393.97%102,364
19642,787,6163.98%106,577
19652,898,1193.96%110,503
19663,013,1643.97%115,045
19673,132,7763.97%119,612
19683,257,3103.98%124,534
19693,386,4323.96%129,122
19703,520,8613.97%134,429
19713,622,3282.88%101,467
19723,687,6081.80%65,280
19733,753,8791.80%66,271
19743,821,4361.80%67,557
19753,890,2081.80%68,772
19763,960,3151.80%70,107
19774,031,4871.80%71,172
19784,104,0401.80%72,553
19794,177,8981.80%73,858
19804,253,1901.80%75,292
19814,307,7811.28%54,591
19824,319,4410.27%11,660
19834,331,1330.27%11,692
19844,342,8740.27%11,741
19854,354,6130.27%11,739
19864,366,4000.27%11,787
19874,378,2200.27%11,820
19884,390,0880.27%11,868
19894,401,9550.27%11,867
19904,413,8700.27%11,915
19914,441,7760.63%27,906
19924,502,1021.36%60,326
19934,563,0781.35%60,976
19944,624,9651.36%61,887
19954,687,6911.36%62,726
19964,751,3571.36%63,666
19974,815,7081.35%64,351
19984,881,0221.36%65,314
19994,947,2211.36%66,199
20005,014,4111.36%67,190
20015,082,3251.35%67,914
20025,154,6741.42%72,349
20035,229,8161.46%75,142
20045,306,1591.46%76,343
20055,383,4021.46%77,243
20065,461,8791.46%78,477
20075,541,4991.46%79,620
20085,622,3921.46%80,893
20095,704,2391.46%81,847
20105,787,3921.46%83,153
20115,871,7581.46%84,366
20125,957,4721.46%85,714
20136,044,1961.46%86,724
20146,132,1821.46%87,986
20156,221,4501.46%89,268
20166,312,0171.46%90,567
20176,403,9021.46%91,885
20186,497,1241.46%93,222
20196,559,0410.95%61,917
20206,617,5130.89%58,472
20216,668,8650.78%51,352
20226,713,5570.67%44,692
20236,751,3740.56%37,817
20246,783,2410.47%31,867
20256,810,5300.40%27,289
20266,834,3220.35%23,792
20276,855,2240.31%20,902
20286,874,0230.27%18,799
20296,891,2230.25%17,200
20306,907,1330.23%15,910
20316,922,0110.22%14,878
20326,936,1150.20%14,104
20336,949,5780.19%13,463
20346,962,5290.19%12,951
20356,975,0170.18%12,488

Madrid Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Madrid6,713,5570.67%
Barcelona5,658,4720.60%
Valencia836,8570.18%
Zaragoza736,4880.36%
Seville701,339-0.15%
Malaga592,0910.17%
Murcia508,5750.81%
Palma476,5850.94%
Las Palmas Gran Canaria403,5070.19%
Alicante375,1950.68%
Bilbao347,648-0.25%
Cordoba344,6950.14%
Vigo307,2830.07%
Valladolid302,470-0.38%

Other Cities in Spain

  1. Statistics National Institute - Madrid information and population data
  2. Kyero Data - Population of Madrid data

Sources