Santiago Population 2022

6,856,939
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Santiago, or Santiago de Chile as it is also known, is the capital of Chile. The metropolitan area, which is known as Greater Santiago, is the largest in the country with a 2016 population of 6.544 million people.

Santiago, the capital city of Chile, is also the largest, boasting a 2016 metro population across 37 municipalities of 6,544,000 people, showing an increase over the 6.4 million recorded in the 2002 census. The city proper is estimated to have a population of around 200,000. When comparing the Greater Santiago population to the country’s population of 17.9 million, it’s easy to see how Santiago is the biggest city in the country.

City Size and Population Density

The city of Santiago covers a total surface area of 641 kilometers squared (247.6 square mile). The population density currently reaches approximately 9,821 residents per square kilometer (25,436 people living per square mile).

Santiago Demographics

The current metro population of 6.5 million shows just how rapidly Santiago has grown throughout the years. In 1907, census records show that the population was just over 380,000. In 1940, the population surpassed one million. The area recorded populations of over two million in 1960 before reaching almost four million in 1982. The census in 2002 showed that the population was 6.4 million, which indicates that the area continues to grow but at a much slower rate than years past.

The decline in population growth could be attributed to the changing proportions of older and younger residents. In 1990, just over 38% of the total population was under the age of 20. Estimates taken in 2007 show that this number declined to approximately 32% of men and 30% of women. It is estimated that this number will decline further in 2020, with about 26% of men and 16% of women falling into the under-20 age bracket. On the reverse side, the percentage of residents over 60 has been growing.

Over 67% respondents to the 2002 census were born in the Santiago Metropolitan region. The area has a low rate of immigration, with just 2.11% of inhabitants being born outside of Chile. Most immigrants are from other Latin American countries, including Peru and Argentina.

Like other cities in Chile, the majority of the population practices Catholicism. The 2002 census found that 68.7% of the Santiago Metropolitan population identified as being Catholic. Evangelical Protestants make up 13.1% of the population, while minority religions in the city include Jehovah’s Witness, Jewish, Muslim, and Orthodox. About 10% of the population are atheists or have no religious affiliation.

Santiago History

Santiago was founded in 1541 by Pedro de Valdivia and was given the name Santiago del Nuevo Extremo, or Santiago of the New Frontier. The Picunche Indian tribe settled in the area under the rule of the Spanish. The moderate climate and the ease in how the area could be defended were primary reasons for settling the area. On September 11, 1541, the city was destroyed but was rebuilt in the exact same area. Going through the 16th and 17th centuries, the city enjoyed a boom in population because of immigration and the large number of churches in the area, many of which were destroyed over time because of earthquakes. A few, such as the Casa Colorada, remain standing today and showcase the city’s rich history and culture.

After declaring independence in 1818, the city was designated as the federal capital. Part of the Mapocho River was drained and buildings were erected during this time. In the 1880s, nitrate fertilizer found in northern Chile led to growth and prosperity throughout Santiago and other areas of the country. When the 1900s came about, nitrate and salt mining continued the prosperity, growth and innovation of the city.

Real growth and development began in the 1930s, with immigration increasing the numbers of residents. Growth continued through the 1950s and 1960s, and the next decade brought about political changes and society reforms. In modern times, Santiago is one of the top global cities in the world, and it’s considered to be one of Latin America’s largest and most important financial centers.

Santiago Population Growth

Following several population booms over the year, the population of Santiago continues to grow but at a much slower rate. During its earliest years, the city grew at a rate of 2.68% per year, then peaked at 4.92% annually between 1952 and 1960 due to high fertility rates and immigration, and leveled out at 1.35% in the 2000s, partly due to an aging population. The current metro population is expected to grow to 6.7 million in 2020 and is expected to surpass 7.1 million in 2030.

Year Population
19501,321,647
19511,376,152
19521,432,985
19531,491,999
19541,553,529
19551,617,597
19561,684,401
19571,753,768
19581,826,094
19591,901,403
19601,979,927
19612,047,034
19622,106,056
19632,166,780
19642,229,343
19652,293,532
19662,359,661
19672,427,698
19682,497,794
19692,569,712
19702,646,661
19712,738,346
19722,833,339
19732,931,353
19743,032,899
19753,137,963
19763,246,819
19773,359,136
19783,475,502
19793,595,899
19803,720,640
19813,849,349
19823,970,906
19834,046,324
19844,123,282
19854,201,485
19864,281,283
19874,362,596
19884,445,568
19894,529,884
19904,615,919
19914,703,587
19924,794,775
19934,894,926
19944,997,312
19955,101,840
19965,208,702
19975,317,500
19985,428,725
19995,542,276
20005,658,363
20015,776,553
20025,883,580
20035,930,470
20045,977,798
20056,025,373
20066,073,393
20076,121,796
20086,170,651
20096,219,761
20106,269,330
20116,319,294
20126,369,726
20136,420,420
20146,471,588
20156,523,164
20166,575,151
20176,627,552
20186,680,371
20196,723,516
20206,767,223
20216,811,595
20226,856,939
20236,903,392
20246,950,952
20256,999,457
20267,048,623
20277,098,074
20287,147,338
20297,195,935
20307,243,454
20317,289,640
20327,334,392
20337,377,750
20347,419,824
20357,460,741

Santiago Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19501,321,6470.00%
19511,376,1524.12%54,505
19521,432,9854.13%56,833
19531,491,9994.12%59,014
19541,553,5294.12%61,530
19551,617,5974.12%64,068
19561,684,4014.13%66,804
19571,753,7684.12%69,367
19581,826,0944.12%72,326
19591,901,4034.12%75,309
19601,979,9274.13%78,524
19612,047,0343.39%67,107
19622,106,0562.88%59,022
19632,166,7802.88%60,724
19642,229,3432.89%62,563
19652,293,5322.88%64,189
19662,359,6612.88%66,129
19672,427,6982.88%68,037
19682,497,7942.89%70,096
19692,569,7122.88%71,918
19702,646,6612.99%76,949
19712,738,3463.46%91,685
19722,833,3393.47%94,993
19732,931,3533.46%98,014
19743,032,8993.46%101,546
19753,137,9633.46%105,064
19763,246,8193.47%108,856
19773,359,1363.46%112,317
19783,475,5023.46%116,366
19793,595,8993.46%120,397
19803,720,6403.47%124,741
19813,849,3493.46%128,709
19823,970,9063.16%121,557
19834,046,3241.90%75,418
19844,123,2821.90%76,958
19854,201,4851.90%78,203
19864,281,2831.90%79,798
19874,362,5961.90%81,313
19884,445,5681.90%82,972
19894,529,8841.90%84,316
19904,615,9191.90%86,035
19914,703,5871.90%87,668
19924,794,7751.94%91,188
19934,894,9262.09%100,151
19944,997,3122.09%102,386
19955,101,8402.09%104,528
19965,208,7022.09%106,862
19975,317,5002.09%108,798
19985,428,7252.09%111,225
19995,542,2762.09%113,551
20005,658,3632.09%116,087
20015,776,5532.09%118,190
20025,883,5801.85%107,027
20035,930,4700.80%46,890
20045,977,7980.80%47,328
20056,025,3730.80%47,575
20066,073,3930.80%48,020
20076,121,7960.80%48,403
20086,170,6510.80%48,855
20096,219,7610.80%49,110
20106,269,3300.80%49,569
20116,319,2940.80%49,964
20126,369,7260.80%50,432
20136,420,4200.80%50,694
20146,471,5880.80%51,168
20156,523,1640.80%51,576
20166,575,1510.80%51,987
20176,627,5520.80%52,401
20186,680,3710.80%52,819
20196,723,5160.65%43,145
20206,767,2230.65%43,707
20216,811,5950.66%44,372
20226,856,9390.67%45,344
20236,903,3920.68%46,453
20246,950,9520.69%47,560
20256,999,4570.70%48,505
20267,048,6230.70%49,166
20277,098,0740.70%49,451
20287,147,3380.69%49,264
20297,195,9350.68%48,597
20307,243,4540.66%47,519
20317,289,6400.64%46,186
20327,334,3920.61%44,752
20337,377,7500.59%43,358
20347,419,8240.57%42,074
20357,460,7410.55%40,917

Santiago Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Santiago6,856,9390.67%
Valparaiso1,000,4670.83%
Concepcion902,1421.17%
La Serena Coquimbo503,0131.87%
Antofagasta451,2931.35%
Temuco349,4911.06%

Other Cities in Chile

  1. Regional Metropolitan of Santiago - Official website of the City of Santiago

Sources