Tallinn Population 2021

448,770
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Tallinn's 2021 population is now estimated at 448,770. In 1950, the population of Tallinn was 223,098. Tallinn has grown by 3,511 since 2015, which represents a 0.79% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Tallinn, which typically includes Tallinn's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Tallinn is the largest city of Estonia, and also serves as its capital. Located on the northern coast in Harju County on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, Tallinn’s population in 2019 is estimated at 434,500.

From the 13th century until 1918 (and again during the Nazi occupation of Estonia from 1941 until 1944) the city was known as Reval.

Demographics

According to data gathered from the 2017 Estonian census, the nationality and ethnic groups of Tallinn break down as follows.

Nationality

  • 51.21% Estonian
  • 36.68% Russian
  • 2.89% Ukranian
  • 1.34% Belarus
  • 0.52% Finnish
  • 0.34% Jewish
  • 0.24% Tatar
  • 0.18% Polish
  • 0.18% Latvian
  • 0.16% German
  • 2.19% unknown

The official spoken language in Talinn is Estonian. In 2011, half of citizens spoke Estonian as their native language, while 46.7% spoke Russian. Other languages spoken in Tallinn are Finnish, Belarusian and Ukranian.

According to figures released by Eurostat, Tallinn in 2004 had one of the largest demographics of non-EU nationals of all the EU member states’ capital cities, with Russians forming 37% of the populous. Ethnic Estonians made up around 55% of the population.

History

Archeological evidence shows the area of Tallinn was occupied going back about 5,000 years. The first fortress was built in Tallinn around the year 1050.

Tallinn was originally a port, thriving from trade between Scandinavia and Russia. The Teutonic Knights and the Kingdom of Denmark began to expand into Estonia during the Northern Crusades in 1200s and imposed Christianity on the locals. In 1219, Danish rule in Tallinn and the rest of Northern Estonia began.

The city of Reval, as it was then known, changed hands various times between the Teutonic Knights, Sweden, and eventually the German Empire early in the 19th century. In 1920, Soviet Russia acknowledged the independence of the Estonian Republic, and Reval, now known as Tallinn, became the capital city of independent Estonia.

This was not to last, as with the breakout of WWII, Estonia acceded to the Soviet Union, and was later occupied by Nazi Germany. After the Nazis retreated in 1944, Estonia was annexed by the USSR.

1991 saw Estonia once again established as an independent democratic state, returning Tallinn to its position as the capital.

Population Growth

Records go back as far as 1372, and show Tallinn, then Reval, with a population of 3,250. 400 years later, in 1772, this had slightly more than doubled to 7,000.

Growth continued steadily over the following 200 or so years, until the city started to see a decline at the start of the 1990s. Between 1989 and 2000, the population saw a decrease of almost 80,000, going from 479,000 to 400,000.

The population has continued to steadily grow since then, and today sits at 434,500 people.

Tallinn Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
2035459,291-0.01%-51
2034459,342-0.01%-50
2033459,392-0.01%-51
2032459,443-0.01%-50
2031459,493-0.01%-51
2030459,544-0.01%-50
2029459,594-0.01%-51
2028459,6450.05%249
2027459,3960.15%683
2026458,7130.23%1,056
2025457,6570.32%1,473
2024456,1840.43%1,939
2023454,2450.55%2,469
2022451,7760.67%3,006
2021448,7700.79%3,511
2020445,2590.89%3,938
2019441,3210.98%4,294
2018437,0271.64%7,037
2017429,9901.64%6,924
2016423,0661.64%6,831
2015416,2351.64%6,712
2014409,5231.64%6,603
2013402,9201.64%6,489
2012396,4310.74%2,906
2011393,525-0.15%-604
2010394,129-0.15%-605
2009394,734-0.15%-606
2008395,340-0.15%-608
2007395,948-0.15%-608
2006396,556-0.15%-609
2005397,165-0.15%-609
2004397,774-0.15%-612
2003398,386-0.15%-612
2002398,998-0.15%-613
2001399,611-0.15%-613
2000400,224-1.18%-4,771
1999404,995-1.52%-6,238
1998411,233-1.52%-6,334
1997417,567-1.51%-6,423
1996423,990-1.93%-8,328
1995432,318-1.92%-8,479
1994440,797-1.92%-8,646
1993449,443-1.92%-8,803
1992458,246-1.93%-9,001
1991467,247-1.92%-9,164
1990476,411-1.92%-9,345
1989485,756-0.29%-1,437
1988487,1931.15%5,545
1987481,6481.15%5,475
1986476,1731.15%5,412
1985470,7611.15%5,343
1984465,4181.15%5,298
1983460,1201.15%5,230
1982454,8901.15%5,170
1981449,7201.15%5,105
1980444,6151.15%5,060
1979439,5551.56%6,750
1978432,8051.90%8,064
1977424,7411.90%7,904
1976416,8371.90%7,777
1975409,0601.90%7,622
1974401,4381.90%7,480
1973393,9581.90%7,331
1972386,6271.90%7,214
1971379,4131.90%7,069
1970372,3442.13%7,777
1969364,5672.33%8,295
1968356,2722.33%8,128
1967348,1442.33%7,932
1966340,2122.33%7,751
1965332,4612.33%7,564
1964324,8972.33%7,412
1963317,4852.33%7,233
1962310,2522.33%7,069
1961303,1832.33%6,898
1960296,2852.33%6,759
1959289,5262.68%7,551
1958281,9752.97%8,135
1957273,8402.97%7,890
1956265,9502.98%7,684
1955258,2662.97%7,451
1954250,8152.97%7,236
1953243,5792.97%7,018
1952236,5612.98%6,835
1951229,7262.97%6,628
1950223,0980.00%

Tallinn Population Data (Urban Area)

Other Cities in Estonia

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources