Benin Population 2022 (Live)

13,368,544
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According to current projections, Benin’s population will continue to grow throughout the rest of the century. At 12.12 million people in 2020, Benin’s population is projected to surpass 30 million people in 2030 and reach 46.83 million people by 2099, more than tripling its current population.

Benin’s population is currently growing at a rate of 2.73%, adding over 322,000 people to the population. Benin’s fertility rate is considerably high at 4.87 births per woman; however, this has declined over the past five years from 5.22 births per woman. Because the fertility rate is the main factor for population growth, the population growth change rate has also declined over the last five years from 2.83%.

The current population of Benin is 13,368,544 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2022 population at 13,352,864.

Benin Growth Rate

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Benin Population 2022 (Live)

Benin Population Clock

Benin Population (as of 9/18/2022)13,368,544
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2022)13,352,864
Births per Day264
Deaths per Day68
Migrations per Day
Net Change per Day196
Population Change Since Jan. 151,156

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5 minutes0%
One death every 21 minutes0%
One net migrant every Infinity minutes0%
Net gain of one person every 7 minutes0%

Benin Population Clock

Name Population
Cotonou780,000
Abomey-Calavi385,755
Djougou237,040
Porto-Novo234,168
Parakou163,753
Bohicon125,092
Kandi109,701
Save97,309
Lokossa86,971
Ouidah83,503

Benin Area and Population Density

Most of Benin's population lives on the southern coastline on the Bight of Benin, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Porto-Novo with a population of 265,000 but the largest city is Cotonou with a population of 685,000. Benin is a relatively small country -- the 101st largest in the world -- with a population density of 78 people per square kilometer, or 120th in the world.

Largest Cities in Benin

Just under half of the people living in Benin live in urban areas, and there are several significant cities in the country that house them. The largest city, and economic and government center of the country is Cotonou with a population of 818,100. Two-thirds of Benin's industries are found in Cotonou. The next largest city is the nations' capital Porto-Novo with a population of 234,300. The city is located on the Gulf of Guinea, and although it is the capital, most activities associated with a capital city actually happen in Cotonou. Other notable cities are Parakou with a population os 227,900, Djougou with a population of 206,500 and Bohicon with a population of 164,700.

Benin Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
19552,360,0810.83%20.93109133
19602,512,2841.26%22.28109135
19652,735,8431.72%24.26108139
19703,023,4432.02%26.81107140
19753,378,7032.25%29.96108142
19803,833,9392.56%34.00107143
19854,419,5522.88%39.19104142
19905,133,4193.04%45.53101139
19956,046,5113.33%53.6294136
20006,998,0232.97%62.0694130
20058,149,4193.09%72.2791124
20109,445,7103.00%83.7789118
201510,932,7832.97%96.9682111
201711,596,7792.99%102.8478108
201811,940,6832.97%105.8977105
201912,290,4442.93%109.0077101
202012,643,1232.87%112.1277100
202112,996,8952.91%115.267798
202213,352,8642.86%118.427797

Benin Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202514,454,1992.71%128.197795
203016,393,8272.55%145.397689
203518,450,1722.39%163.627487
204020,620,6472.25%182.877181
204522,905,8132.12%203.146976
205025,264,0351.98%224.056774
205527,657,7331.83%245.286566
206030,047,8951.67%266.486360
206532,430,7541.54%287.616253
207034,777,8661.41%308.426250
207537,056,9541.28%328.645945
208039,250,7741.16%348.095743
208541,320,8271.03%366.455542
209043,250,5340.92%383.565540
209545,022,9230.81%399.285239
202313,712,8282.81%121.617797
202414,080,0722.76%124.877796

Benin Population by Year (Projections)

Benin Population Pyramid 2022

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Benin Median Age

17


Total

16.4


Male

17.6


Female

Benin Population by Age

There are 6,820,672 people over age 18 in Benin.

Census Years

Year Date
199215 February 1992
200211 February 2002
201325 May 2013
20232023

Benin Population Pyramid

Benin, officially the Republic of Benin and formerly Dahomey, is a West African country bordered by Niger, Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Togo.

Benin Demographics

Benin has a young population with a life expectancy of just 59 years. There are 42 different African ethnic groups, the ancestors of a number of groups who have settled in the area over centuries and migrated to the country. Major ethnic groups include the Yoruba in the southeast (who migrated from Nigeria), the Dendi in the north-central region (who originated from Mali), the Bariba and Fula in the northeast, the Betammaribe and Somba, the Fon near Abomey, and the Aja, Xueda, and Mina.

In 2002, the composition of the country was 39% Fon, 15% Adja, 12% Yoruba, 9% Bariba, 7% Fula, 6% Ottamari, 4% Kabye and 2.5% Dendi.

A wave of recent migration has brought many other African nationals to the country, including Togolese and Ingerians. There is also a group of Indians and Lebanese in the region for commerce and trade. There is a European population of about 5,500, most of which include personnel of embassies, foreign aid missions, and missionary groups.

Benin has one of the world's highest death rates for children under five with little access to healthcare. Benin also has one of the world's lowest literacy rates at about 43%.

Benin Religion, Economy and Politics

The country of Benin is relatively divided in terms of religion. Christianity is the largest religion, with 48.5% of the population practicing one denomination or another. An additional 27.7% practice Islam, 12.2% of people have an uncommon religion or no religion at all, and 11.6% of the people follow Vodun. Vodun is a traditional African religion that believes in many gods.

Benin is one of the largest cotton producers in Africa, and this industry alone accounts for 40% of the national GDP, and 80& of their exports. Other common exports from Benin include textiles, cocoa beans, maize, beans, rice, nuts, and various tubers. Without any other major industries, it has been difficult for the economy in Benin to thrive. However, Patrice Talon- the president elected in 2016, is working on expanding private exports which are expected to encourage growth by allowing Benin to export to more countries.

Benin Population History

Became its own nation, free from France and accepted into the UN, in 1960. The growth rate of the country saw a sharp increase at that time, going from 0.43% to 1.09% in 1960. The population continued to expand significantly as they began navigating their way as an independent country. Drawing many immigrants, the rate of growth got to 2.31% by 1975 and over 3% annually by 1990. The population has more than quadrupled since its independence in 1960.

Benin - General Info

  1. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames

Sources