Burkina Faso Population 2024 (Live)

23,854,873

Burkina Faso’s population is 20.9 million people for 2020. According to current projections, its population is expected to surpass 50 million people in 2058 and will reach a population of 82.61 million people by 2099. Burkina Faso’s population will be almost four times higher at the end of the century than it is in 2020.

Burkina Faso’s population grew 2.86% from 2019 to 2020, adding about 582,000 people to the population. Although the country has negative net migration, the high fertility rate of 5.23 births per woman allows the country’s population to continue growing.

Almost half of the population is under 15 years old and the median age of the population is 17.6 years. While contraceptive education has increased in Burkina Faso, usage is still very low.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
273,600
The current population of Burkina Faso is 23,854,873 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 23,840,247.

Burkina Faso Growth Rate

Burkina Faso Population Clock

Burkina Faso Population (as of 7/9/2024)23,854,873
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)23,840,247
Births per Day2,218
Deaths per Day524
Migrations per Day-68
Net Change per Day1,625
Population Change Since Jan. 1310,375

Components of Population Change

One birth every 39 seconds
One death every 2.75 minutes
One emigrant every 21.18 minutes
Net gain of one person every 53 seconds

Burkina Faso Population Clock

Burkina Faso Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Ouagadougou1,086,505
Bobo-Dioulasso360,106
Koudougou87,347
Ouahigouya61,096
Banfora60,288
Dedougou45,341
Kaya39,229
Dori37,806
Tenkodogo37,658
Reo37,535

Burkina Faso Area and Population Density

Burkina Faso's population is growing rapidly. The 2006 census found a population of 14 million, which has already grown to almost 18 million. The country does have a low population density, however, of just 57 people per square kilometer, which ranks 145th in the world.

Most of the population is located in the center and south of Burkina Faso, with a density that goes over 48 people per square kilometer in some areas. Hundreds of thousands of people regularly migrate to Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire for seasonal work.

Largest Cities in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso has a relatively low urban population, with 30.69% of the population living in cities. The capital and largest city is Ouagadougou, or just Ouaga, with a population of 1.8 million, which covers 84.7 square miles. Bobo-Diolasso is the next most sizable city, with a population of 537,728 over 52.81 square miles. Aside from these two urban centers, there aren't any other cities with populations much over 100,000.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202423,840,2472.62%8760123
202323,251,4852.66%8559125
202021,522,6262.73%7959133
201920,951,6392.74%7759134
201820,392,7232.81%7559135
201719,835,8582.91%7259137
201518,718,0193.04%6861140
201016,116,8453.04%5964144
200513,876,1273.15%5163147
200011,882,8882.79%4365152
199510,353,2632.54%3870154
19909,131,3612.73%3373157
19857,979,1852.85%2975158
19806,932,9672.46%2578157
19756,138,4441.81%2279157
19705,611,6661.7%2177154
19655,157,9291.52%1976155
19604,783,2591.35%1774151
19554,472,8241.2%1673147

Burkina Faso Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202423,840,2472.62%8760123
202524,436,9252.57%8959123
203027,523,5632.41%10158118
203530,759,5362.25%11257108
204034,050,7332.05%12457103
204537,324,9841.85%1365299
205040,541,5481.67%1485298
205543,658,2321.49%1604895
206046,613,4031.32%1704791
206549,416,7761.18%1814489
207052,013,4541.03%1904385
207554,349,5650.88%1994181
208056,387,2420.74%2064280
208558,121,5690.61%2124177
209059,539,3040.48%2184273
209560,669,1160.38%2224272

Burkina Faso Population by Year (Projections)

Burkina Faso Population Pyramid 2024

Burkina Faso Median Age

17.9

Total

17

Male

18.7

Female

Burkina Faso Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Burkina Faso.

Census Years

Year
Date
20162016
200623 December 2006
199610 December 1996
198520 December 1985

Burkina Faso Population Pyramid

Most of the 17 million people in Burkina Faso belong to one of two West African ethnic cultural groups: the Voltaic and the Mande. Voltaic Mossi make up about 50% of the population and are descended from warriors who moved to the area from Ghana around 1100, establishing an empire that lasted over 800 years.

In 1995, the ethnic composition of Burkina Faso was: 48% Mossi, 10% Fulani, 7% Lobi, 7% Bobo, 6.7% Mande, 5% Senufo, 5% Gurunsi, 4.8% Gurma and 3.1% Tuareg.

About 69 languages are spoken in the country, 60 of which are indigenous. About 40% of the population speaks Mossi, although the official language is still French, which was introduced during the country's colonial period.

The median age is just under 17 years old. A 2005 World Health Organization report estimated that almost 73% of girls and women in Burkina Faso have undergone female genital mutilation, which is done according to traditional rituals in the area. Burkina Faso is one of the last great strongholds of slavery in the world, and children in the country are often victims of slavery.

Activists in the country have lobbied for more attention to birth control, which has been largely ignored as attention has focused on preventing HIV/AIDS. Without controlling its population, Burkina Faso will have difficulty improving living standards.

Burkina Faso Religion, Economy and Politics

The majority of the population in Burkina Faso, 60.5%, practice Islam. The remainder of the population of relatively religiously diverse, with 23.2% practicing Christianity, 15.3% following indigenous beliefs, and the remaining 1% having no reported religion.

Burkina Faso is one of the world's most impoverished countries and over 90% of its citizens are farmers, with cotton being the most common crop. Literacy rates are much lower than surrounding nations, and the people that live here are constantly plagued by terrorist attacks, political insecurity, low energy supplies, and poor transportation options.

Burkina Faso Population History

The indigenous population, known as the Mossi Kingdom, was in control of the region since the 1000s. In 1895, they defeated French colonial forces to become a French protectorate. The indigenous army again fought the French in 1915, but this time the French won and executed the leaders of the African army. The nation finally got its independence in 1960. As an independent country, Burkina Faso's population flourished, going from growing at 1% annually in 1960 to the robust growth of today.

Since the turn of the millennium, Burkina Faso has experienced a couple of meningitis outbreaks which killed thousands.

Burkina Faso Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
272,967
2024 Growth Rate
GDP (IMF '23)
$21.90
GDP (UN '22)
$19.18 Bn

Sources