Iceland Population 2020 (Live)

341,513

Iceland is expected to continue its steady growth, potentially hitting 493,000 by 2060, exceeding half a million for the first time by the second half of the 21st century.

The current population of Iceland is 341,513, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 341,243.

Iceland Growth Rate

Iceland Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Reykjavik118,918
Kopavogur31,719
Hafnarfjoerdur26,808
Akureyri17,693
Gardabaer11,421
Mosfellsbaer8,651
Akranes6,612
Selfoss6,510
Isafjoerdur2,624
Saudarkrokur2,575

Area and Population Density in Iceland

Overall, Iceland has a surface area of 103,001 square kilometers (39,770 square miles) and it is the 108th largest in this respect. However, that harsh geographical landscape is one of the reasons why it's population remains so low. Iceland has the lowest population density of all European countries at just 3 people per kilometer (8/square mile).

City Centers and Capital of Iceland

The capital and largest city of Iceland is Reykjavik, which is also the northernmost capital in the world and a major tourist destination. Reykjavik has a population of about 120,000 or 200,00c0 if the larger Capital Region is included. It's believed that the city was the site of the first permanent settlement on the island, founded sometime around AD 870. It's one of the safest, greenest, and cleanest global cities. The Capital Region accounts for 64% of Iceland's total population.

Iceland Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020341,2430.65%3.40180226
2019339,0310.69%3.38180226
2018336,7130.69%3.36180226
2017334,3930.66%3.34180226
2016332,2060.59%3.31180225
2015330,2430.61%3.29180225
2010320,3281.66%3.20180225
2005294,9791.02%2.94179224
2000280,4350.94%2.80178224
1995267,6290.97%2.67177223
1990255,0431.09%2.54178222
1985241,5821.14%2.41176221
1980228,2620.92%2.28175222
1975218,0701.30%2.18174222
1970204,4261.23%2.04173222
1965192,3131.84%1.92171221
1960175,5922.18%1.75170221
1955157,6422.02%1.57171221
1950142,6590.00%1.42171220

Iceland Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020341,2430.65%3.40180226
2025351,1840.58%3.50180226
2030359,7110.48%3.59182228
2035366,6060.38%3.66182228
2040371,7460.28%3.71182228
2045375,0850.18%3.74182228
2050376,6930.09%3.76183228
2055376,9530.01%3.76183229
2060376,448-0.03%3.76182229
2065375,475-0.05%3.75182229
2070373,926-0.08%3.73182229
2075371,663-0.12%3.71182228
2080368,627-0.16%3.68182228
2085364,956-0.20%3.64182228
2090360,998-0.22%3.60182228
2095357,095-0.22%3.56183228

Iceland Population by Year (Projections)

Iceland Population Pyramid 2020

Iceland Median Age

36.5


Total

35.9


Male

37.1


Female

Iceland Population by Age

There are 259,643 adults in Iceland.

Iceland Population Pyramid

Iceland Demographics

The original population of the island was of Gaelic and Nordic origin based on genetic analysis and literary evidence from the island's settlement. One genetic study of Icelanders found most men were of Nordic origin while most women were of Gaelic origin.

In the island's early history, the harsh winters, volcanic eruptions, and outbreaks of plague affected its growth many times, with 37 famines recorded between 1500 and 1804. The first census of Iceland found a population of more than 50,000 in 1703, which declined to 40,000 after massive eruptions of the Laki volcano between 1783 and 1784. As living conditions improved, the population began to grow, eventually hitting 60,000 in 1850 then 320,000 by 2008.

Iceland's population is fairly young for such a developed country. The median age in Iceland is 36.5 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 83.1 years of age. Iceland is also rare in that it is one of the few European nations with a fertility rate well above the replacement rate at 2.1 children born per woman.

The ethnic composition of Iceland today is 93% Icelandic. The largest ethnic minority is Polish at 3% of the population. There are about 8,000 Poles on the island, accounting for 75% of the workforce in Fjarðabyggð. More than 13% of the population was born abroad while 6% hold foreign citizenship. There is also significant Icelandic diaspora with 88,000 people of Icelandic descent in Canada and more than 40,000 in the United States.

Quality of Life in Iceland

Iceland ranks at number 4 in the World Happiness Report in 2018, with a rating of 7.495. This rating is discerned from the examination of GDP per capita, social support, life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perceived corruption. Additionally, 100% of the population has improved access to clean drinking water and only 1.2% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities. School life expectancy is at a total of 20 years, with females tending to spend 21 years in education over males who are only expected to stay in for 18 years.

About Iceland