According to current projections, Rwanda’s population is estimated to continue growing the rest of the century and reach 33.35 million people by 2099. The population, which currently sits at 12.95 million in 2020, is projected to surpass 20 million people in 2042 and 30 million people in 2076.
Rwanda’s population grew 2.58% from 2019 to 2020, adding about 325,000 people to the population. The fertility rate in Rwanda is 4.10 births per woman, which is boosting the population growth despite negative net migration. The fertility rate is currently on a declining trend, which will lead to the slowing of the population growth rate as well.
Rwanda’s high population growth has put an increased demand on food, infrastructure, and services that Rwanda is not yet equipped to provide for a fast-growing population. The government has made efforts around family planning to decrease the fertility rate and slow the population growth.