Taiwan Population 2023 (Live)


According to current projections, Taiwan’s population will continue to grow over the next decade or so until reaching its peak population of 24.01 million people in 2029. After 2030, the population is expected to decline slowly, shrinking down to 16.31 million people by 2099.

The current population growth rate for Taiwan is small at 0.18%. This adds only about 42,899 people to the population. Taiwan’s fertility rate is very low at 1.15 births per woman, well below the 2.1 births per woman needed to replace the population. Some reasons that the fertility rate is so low include the cost of childcare, the hesitation to marry without the money to purchase property, and the woman’s focus on career that entails long working hours.

A population decline will hurt Taiwan’s productivity and take away spending on technology and education to pay for pensions and healthcare benefits for an aging population.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2023 World Percentage
Land Area
The current population of Taiwan is 23,930,546 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 23,923,276.

Taiwan Growth Rate

Taiwan Population 2023 (Live)

Taiwan Population Clock

Taiwan Population (as of 10/1/2023)23,930,546
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)23,923,276
Births per Day511
Deaths per Day499
Migrations per Day66
Net Change per Day78
Population Change Since Jan. 121,372

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2.82 minutes
One death every 2.88 minutes
One immigrant every 21.82 minutes
Net gain of one person every 18.47 minutes

Taiwan Population Clock

Taiwan Area and Population Density

Taiwan has a geographical area of 36,193 square kilometers. With a population of 23,476,640, its average population density is 649 people per square kilometer (1,680 per square mile). This makes it the 17th most densely populated country in the world. Population density in major cities is, as expected, much higher. In Taipei, 10,000 people live in every square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Taiwan

Taiwan's largest city is New Taipei, which is home to 3,970,790 people. New Taipei should definitely not be confused with Taipei City, the capital of Taiwan. Taipei City is entirely surrounded by the city of New Taipei and has a population of 2,704,974, making it Taiwan's fourth largest city. Together with the city of Keelung, they make up the Taipei Metropolitan Area, which has a total population of 7,046,811.

Other major cities in Taiwan are Kaohsiung City (pop 2,778,918), Taichung City (pop 2,752,413) and Tainan City (pop 1,885,252). No other Taiwanese city has a population of more than 500,000 people.

Taiwan Population Density Map

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Taiwan Population by Year (Historical)

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Taiwan Population by Year (Projections)

Taiwan Population Pyramid 2023

Taiwan Median Age







Taiwan Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Taiwan.

Taiwan Population Pyramid

The Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior estimated that the population of Taiwan in 2012 was 23,268,087. A census is carried out every ten years. The last census was held in 2010, and an official population of 23,162,000 was recorded. The People's Republic of China claims sovereignty over Taiwan, and as you can see from our article about the population of China, data on Taiwan's population is included in official Government figures there too.

Taiwan Demographics

The vast majority (98%) of people living on Taiwan are Han Chinese, including around 12% of the population who are classified as Waishengren; a people who fled from mainland China after the Chinese Civil War (and their descendants). The remaining two percent are Taiwanese Aborigines, descendants of the Austronesian peoples who dominated Taiwan until the 17th century. Visit Wikipedia to read more about Taiwan's indigenous people.

Mandarin is spoken by almost all Taiwanese, and is the country's official language. Japanese is also spoken by many older Taiwanese people, a legacy of Japanese rule in the first half of the 20th century. A number of aboriginal languages are also spoken, and despite efforts to preserve them, their use is decreasing.

The median age in Taiwan is 40.7 years of age. This means that half of the population is aged over 40 years and will soon be unable to participate in the workforce. This will place a strain on economic features and on the younger generations that are in place as of now. In addition, Taiwan is quickly on the way to attaining a 'super-aged society' stage.

Taiwan Religion, Economy and Politics

Religious freedom is constitutionally guaranteed in Taiwan and the country is host to a diverse range of religions – 26 in total are officially recognized, but people are free to follow other religions if they choose. Government statistics show that Buddhism is the most popular religion, practiced by around 35.1% of Taiwanese, followed closely by Taoism (33.0%). Christianity and Yiguandao are the third and fourth most popular religions, followed by 3.9% and 3.5% respectively. Approximately 18.7% of Taiwanese are non-religious.

Taiwan's economy is growing rapidly. An estimate of its nominal GDP per capita for 2016 is $21,571. Its total PPP is over 1 trillion, putting its economy in 21st place when compared to other countries in the world.

Taiwan Population History

During the 1500s and 1600s, Taiwan changed hands several times between the Portuguese, Dutch, Spanish and the Chinese. The Japanese invaded Taiwan in the late 1800s, and thousands of Taiwanese were killed trying to fight them off. Taiwan was returned to China from Japan at the end of the Second World War, causing several battles and thousands of deaths which lasted well into the latter 1900s, and caused the rate of growth to significantly slow.

In 1999, an earthquake in Jiji killed 2.415 and injured 11,000.

Taiwan Population Rank 2023
Area (km²)
2023 Growth Rate

Taiwan - General Info