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2022 Production (tons)

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500K

1M

1.5M

2M

2.5M

3M

3.5M

4M

4.5M

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Bentonite Production by Country 2024

Bentonite production globally reflects the usefulness of this rock in numerous industrial applications. This rock develops either from the circulation of hydrothermal vents through beds of volcanic ash or from the weathering of volcanic ash. Both processes allow the bentonite to absorb minerals from the ash, which contributes to its properties as a binder or absorbant.

Bentonite Applications

The most valuable forms of bentonite for industrial applications are calcium bentonite and sodium bentonite. The former readily absorbs fats, oils, and liquids, making it a valuable addition to cleaning agents. Through ion exchange, this form of bentonite can be processed into sodium bentonite.

Sodium bentonite swells several times its original volume when it absorbs liquids. It has applications in drilling mud, fertilizers, binders, and sealants. Its sealant properties make it especially useful for protecting groundwater and the environment from chemicals leaching out of landfills.

Other uses of bentonite stem from its swelling or absorption capacity. It appears in agents used to clarify or decolorize food products such as mead, vinegar, vegetable oils, beer, or wine.

Because bentonite does not react chemically to many substances, it works well as a carrier for flame retardants, fertilizers, or pesticides. Additionally, it can add bulk to soaps, adhesives, rubber, paint, and cosmetics.

In medicine, bentonite can protect products from moisture damage due to its adsorption properties, outperforming silica gel as a desiccant. It also appears as an ingredient in barrier products to prevent poison ivy allergic reactions.

Global Bentonite Production

In 2020, the most recent data for 2023, worldwide bentonite production was 20.85 million metric tons. This number reflects a decrease from the previous year's 21.8 million metric tons, the highest production volume between 2016 and 2020.

Countries that Produce the Most Bentonite as of 2023

In 2020, China produced an estimated 5.6 million metric tons, placing it as the top producer of bentonite in the world.

The United States, which came in second for production volume, had a production of 4.24 million metric tons of bentonite.

India, Turkey, and Greece were the other three producers that ranked within the top five for bentonite production.

Nations with the Lowest Bentonite Production in 2023

For 2023, the most recent production data on bentonite comes from 2020. That year, Slovenia produced the lowest amount in the world, 80 metric tons. Chile produced 170 metric tons in second-to-last place for worldwide production.

The other countries in the bottom five of bentonite production were Cuba, New Zealand, and Myanmar.

  • Countries whose 2022-2021 totals are unlisted produced approximately 3,300,000 tons of Bentonite each year in 2022 and 2021

Download Table Data

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Country
2022 Production (tons)
2021 Production (tons)
2020 Production (tons)
2019 Production (tons)
2018 Production (tons)
2017 Production (tons)
2016 Production (tons)
United States4,500,0004,590,0004,240,0004,520,0004,570,0004,450,0004,000,000
India3,000,0003,000,0003,600,0003,605,0003,661,4503,488,2642,978,858
China2,100,0002,100,0005,600,0005,600,0005,600,0005,600,0005,600,000
Turkey2,000,0002,020,0001,658,8371,533,5471,331,9551,481,6171,744,912
Greece1,300,0001,300,0001,170,0001,393,9581,365,3741,087,800883,220
Denmark1,000,0001,000,00040,05448,19756,17369,59466,278
Iran700,000700,000714,684761,079423,604517,524356,036
Czech Republic230,000230,000226,000357,000277,000254,000374,000
Brazil220,000220,000217,055403,763500,000616,929448,004
Spain210,000210,000221,495160,477178,463177,565155,038
Ukraine180,000180,000125,000124,700178,200113,200200,000
Mexico79,00079,00079,21924,321264,800148,475109,176
Uzbekistan50,00050,000
Pakistan50,00049,38074,26842,77042,038
Russia720,000720,000714,000669,700589,600
Japan250,000250,000250,000250,000250,000
Philippines4,72013,05010,8002,6203,230
Egypt7,0007,00010,0004,6003,600
Germany333,000366,000379,000416,000393,000
France50,00082,72035,69624,49742,567
South Africa85,688105,084173,486165,141148,742
Italy65,98982,720100,06786,10645,978
Myanmar5000540600600
Colombia179,893145,643166,778103,217120,372
South Korea5,31443,88631,82447,30663,834
Algeria34,20036,70036,00035,60037,100
Argentina98,000120,000184,969156,750145,723
Poland92050056001,000
Morocco92,387188,081172,749174,546103,230
Mozambique80,18977,7341,091285322
Peru25,53246,8872,38375619,410
Australia65,00056,00087,33068,00059,000
Kazakhstan59,20052,000120,000120,000119,100
Chile1703955251,5841,288
Romania45,49541,96434,80928,00524,996
Guatemala10,00012,70016,95320,54218,081
Bolivia00268525
Cuba486504630589389
Azerbaijan155,100222,500212,300235,61754,545
Hungary42,00041,50025,00024,63016,000
Bulgaria40,90045,00045,00054,10037,100
Turkmenistan10,00010,00010,00010,00010,000
Slovakia261,640260,120269,990226,425173,530
Norway003,2340
New Zealand5005004,482700700
Uruguay16,5506,7307,7606,6406,650
Armenia00024,71213,956
Slovenia7799113147182
North Macedonia2,1966822,9459121,968
Cyprus92,64583,11398,80095,593117,184
Total15,569,00015,679,00020,777,63521,701,23421,691,10321,103,72619,581,062
showing: 50 rows

Which country produces the most Bentonite?

The largest producer of Bentonite in the world is China.

Frequently Asked Questions

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