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2022 Production (TBOEs)

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Biomass Energy by Country 2024

Biomass comes from plants and animals. It is an organic material. It stores energy collected from the sun. For example, a pile of wood cut from trees is a storehouse of the sun’s energy that can be used when the wood is burned. The trees grow by using sunlight in a process called photosynthesis. This converts the sun’s energy into creating wood cellulose as the tree grows.

Another definition of biomass is the amount of living organisms in a specific area, measured by weight or volume per area.

Biomass may be burned or processed and converted into refined fuel. An example of converted biomass is corn, processed into the liquid fuel, ethanol. Biomass does not mean the energy source is sustainable or less polluting. For example, coal is a type of biomass.

Countries Using Biomass for Energy

Biomass energy is used to create biofuel in many countries. Here are the top five countries for biomass energy use.

1. Brazil

Brazil is not the top producer; however, it leads the world in biomass use because it is committed to becoming the world’s largest user of ethanol made from sugar cane. This process is more efficient and cost-effective than trying to produce ethanol from corn. Ethanol used in Brazil accounts for around 40% of the fuel used for transportation.

Brazil also uses the waste from sugarcane harvesting to produce another fuel that power plants burn to create electricity.

2. China

China produces the most biomass energy and exports some of it. It uses slightly less than Brazil and exports biofuels. China burns lots of coal in power plants to produce electricity. China is a significant producer of wood pellets, a fuel used for heating and producing electricity.

3. United States

The United States burns wood and products made from wood waste, making it the third-largest biomass energy user. The United States also creates ethanol from corn and uses this biofuel to produce electricity and to blend with gasoline for transportation use

4. India

India is the fourth-largest user of biomass energy. Electricity is generated by the burning of agricultural waste. India has substantial production of biofuels in the form of wood pellets to burn to generate electricity and for heating.

5. Germany

Germany uses biomass energy from the burning of wood and wood waste. Germany also generates electricity from biofuels, particularly by burning biogas (methane) produced from the decomposition of organic matter.

  • All production values displayed use the unit 'thousands of barrels of oil equivalent per day', or TBOEs
  • In addition to the country-specific data displayed, the following collective country groups also contributed:
  • Other Asia Pacific Countries - 52 TBOE in 2022, growing 9.2% 2012-2022
  • Other South and Central American Countries - 9 TBOE in 2022, growing 9.6% 2012-2022
  • Other European Countries - 40 TBOE in 2019 (most recent data year available)

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Country
2022 Production (TBOEs)
Growth Rate (2012-2022)
Annual Growth Rate
2021 Production (TBOEs)
2020 Production (TBOEs)
2019 Production (TBOEs)
2018 Production (TBOEs)
2017 Production (TBOEs)
2016 Production (TBOEs)
2015 Production (TBOEs)
2014 Production (TBOEs)
2013 Production (TBOEs)
2012 Production (TBOEs)
United States7283.2%6.3%685632693701678655614597562534
Brazil4094.3%4.6%391411429401334331353329313268
Indonesia17418.2%15.6%15112612491505424594133
China665.7%14.4%58565344313940474238
Germany621.3%-6.1%66636663616059645854
Argentina450.4%11.7%40274651585338493843
India4324.8%24.5%35232119111210555
Netherlands395.1%0.2%39373835372832332824
Thailand364.4%-8.5%39444440363336343024
France35-3.4%-3.5%36434650444549474649
Spain3110.6%1.3%31333940352221191411
Canada212.1%-1.8%22222321222322221917
Poland205.2%3.5%19181817171715141312
Italy1912.4%-9.5%211715131210101096
Colombia152.7%0.9%15121314121313131212
South Korea125.8%5.5%11131313888777
United Kingdom116.6%2.9%1010111314106796
Sweden108.9%5.5%9887344444
Belgium90.8%12.5%89888771188
Finland74.1%0.3%7776628765
Portugal61.6%13.1%5676666655
Austria6-0.6%-16.2%7777778766
Australia2-6.9%6.4%2232224554
Mexico10%16.7%1

Which country use biomass energy the most?

Kenya and Niger rely on biomass energy for 89% of heating and cooking in the region.

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