As of 2023, there are over 8,400 ongoing clinical trials researching stem cells. The research investigates the use of stem cells in treatments for hundreds of illnesses, including Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injury, stroke, heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis,
In the United States, there are 212 ongoing stem cell research trials. The US federal government funds nearly 80% of stem cell research. The federal funding prohibits the use of human embryos in stem cell research.
Currently, there are 186 stem cell research trials in South Korea. The South Korean Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the world's first stem cell treatments -Hearticellgram-AMI, Cupistem, and Cartistem.
Australia currently has 154 ongoing stem cell research trials. Australian researchers have proven stem cell treatments for corneal, skin grafting, and blood stem cell transplants.
Researchers in China are currently involved in 135 stem cell research trials and have the world's most unrestrictive embryonic stem cell research policies. Approved stem cell treatments in China include acute heart failure, acute liver failure, and lower limb ischemia.
Stem cell research in Mexico is regulated by COFEPRIS, the Mexican equivalent of the US FDA. Approved stem cell therapies in Mexico include neurological disorders and acute and chronic injuries that involve muscle, tendon, ligaments, bone, and cartilage.
In Germany, stem cell research is restricted by the Embryo Protection Act of 1991. Germany is the cheapest country to get stem cell therapies that include arthritis, spinal cord injuries, and diabetes.
Stem cell research in Romania is affiliated with universities and must be officially approved for orthopedic conditions like osteoarthritis, tissue injuries, and degenerative diseases.
Austrian research institutions and universities research stem cell therapies but have restrictions against working with embryonic stem cells. Austria is one of the most affordable places to get stem cell treatments for ailments including diabetes and spinal cord injuries.
The country that currently conducts the most amount of stem cell research is the United States.