Michigan Population 2023

10,135,438

The last confirmed set of population figures date from the countrywide census of 2010 when it was declared that there were 9,883,640 people living in Michigan. Those figures from 2010 represented a small loss of less than 1% compared to the numbers declared at the 2000 census.

In 2015, it was estimated by the US Census Bureau that the population had risen to 9,922,576. This reflects a less than 1% increase in population since the 2010 Census, which puts Michigan in 45th place in terms of population growth.

Michigan Area and Population Density

Situated in the heart of the Great Lakes, Michigan is one of the largest states in the US both in terms of land mass and population.

With a total land mass of 96,716 square miles, (250,493 square kilometers), Michigan is the eleventh biggest state in the USA by area. The land is fairly densely packed, although not exceptionally so -- for every square mile of Michigan territory, there is an average of 174 people (67.1 per square kilometer). Those figures leave Michigan ranking 18th in terms of population density.

The largest city in Michigan is the Motor City, Detroit. The 2010 census confirmed that it was home to 713,862 people. This number has decreased to just over 677,000 according to 2015 estimates. If you take a look at the population of Detroit, it’s clear that this is where much of the state’s demographic problems lie. At its peak in 1950, there were 1.85 million people living in the city. In 2016, that number has declined by over one million people. Many of those leaving the city are actually not moving far -- they move out toward the suburbs. But following the city's bankruptcy filing and urban decay, it’s likely that some are packing up completely and moving out of state, which doesn’t help the state’s overall population figures.

Other large cities in Michigan include Grand Rapids (pop: 195,097), Warren (pop: 135,358), Sterling Heights (pop: 132,052), Lansing (pop: 115,056), Ann Arbor (pop: 117,070), and Flint (pop: 98,310).

Larger counties in Michigan include Wayne County (over 1,700,000) and Oakland County (over 1,200,000).

Michigan Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age of the population in Michigan is 39.5 years of age. The gender ratio is approximately 50.8% female and 49.2% male.

In term of religious preference across the state, Michigan comes in with 70% preference to Christian based faiths, 5% are affiliated in non-Christian based faiths, and 24% are unaffiliated with any religion.

Michigan Boundary, Census and Statehood History

Michigan was part of the Northwest Territory established in 1787. When Indiana Territory was created in 1800 it included the west half of lower Michigan and nearly all of the Upper Peninsula, leaving the remainder of the present State in the Northwest Territory until 1802, when the eastern portion also became part of Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was established in 1805, but nearly all the Upper Peninsula remained in Indiana or Illinois Territories. In 1818 Michigan Territory's boundaries were extended to include the rest of the Upper Peninsula and all of present-day Wisconsin and northeastern Minnesota. In 1834 the Territory was expanded still further to stretch to the Missouri River, including the rest of Minnesota, Iowa, and the eastern Dakotas. Michigan Territory included a northern strip of Indiana until 1816, and it also governed a narrow strip of what is now northwestern Ohio which was claimed by that State. This was ceded to Ohio in 1836, and Michigan was admitted as a State on January 26, 1837 with essentially its present boundaries.

In 1790 the Northwest Territory had no census coverage. In 1800 coverage of the present State included only the Detroit area (Wayne County, Northwest Territory) and some persons at "Machilamackanack," Indiana Territory. Coverage in 1810, 1820, and 1830 expanded in the Lower Peninsula and included population in the strip that was ceded to Ohio in 1836. The 1820 and 1830 censuses also included some settlements in present-day Wisconsin, shown under that State. The 1840 census covered all parts of the State.

Michigan Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Michigan was:

  • White: 77.56%
  • Black or African American: 13.64%
  • Two or more races: 3.77%
  • Asian: 3.18%
  • Other race: 1.32%
  • Native American: 0.50%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

Michigan Population History

In 1800, the population of Michigan was declared at 3,757 and over the next 25 years, the numbers grew at a slow but steady rate.

In 1825, however, a new route into Michigan was carved out -- courtesy of the Erie Canal -- and this brought an influx of farmers, merchants and other settlers into the state. The development had a clear effect on the population, and in 1830, numbers had swelled to 28,004, which was an increase of over 275% when compared to the 1820 Census figures.

The biggest Michigan population spike was yet to come, however, and just ten years later in 1840, numbers had exploded by 658% to a new high of 212,267. More significant increases were to follow, although none quite as mind-blowing as the growth from the 1830s. By the start of the 20th century, the census of 1900 showed that the population of Michigan had grown to 2,420,982.

Similar rapid growth continued throughout the 20th century (during the pre-war years, growth was regularly at 30% per decade), fueled by the growth of the auto industry in Detroit. By the end of the century, it had started to slow down to the point where, at the last census, the first population decrease in Michigan's history was recorded.

Michigan Population Growth

According to the 2010 US Census, Michigan was the only state in the country to see a population drop over the last decade, which is mostly caused by the sharp decline in the state's auto industry, which has indirectly led to the bankruptcy declaration from the city of Detroit in 2013. The state's labor force has remained heavily dependent on the stagnant US auto industry, and Michigan's declining population runs against regional trends.

Some economists are hopeful that Michigan can push for new tax incentives to encourage new business in the state, but only time will tell how long it takes Michigan to rebound from what has been a bad decade.

Michigan Population Projections

The next Census in 2020 is going to be difficult to predict -- it's quite possible that there will be a continued slow decline in population. Alternatively, if the state's government tries to boost immigration and business growth, a change may occur and there could potentially be a slight rise in population. It is estimated that the total Michigan population will grow 7.6% from 2000 to 2030, adding an additional 755,728 people to the population by the 2030 Census.

A large majority of the diverse population in Michigan is Caucasian, with ancestries that include German, Belgian, British, Polish and Irish. The Upper Peninsula of Michigan has a fairly large population of people of Scandinavian, especially Finnish, descent, while Western Michigan has a notable presence of Dutch residents, which is the highest concentration of any state.

African Americans, who came to Detroit and other northern regions during the early 20th century, still represent a large majority of the population of Detroit and nearby areas like Flint. The state ranks 14th in terms of the percentage of African American residents, according to data from the 2010 Census. Meanwhile, Southeast Michigan, particularly Dearborn, has a great deal of people of Middle Eastern descent, with a large population of Arab people.

Michigan Population 2023

Michigan Facts

Population

200K

400K

600K

800K

1M

1.2M

1.4M

1.6M

When evaluating Michigan's population by county, the state as a whole saw a balance of increases and decreases in population from 2010 to 2015. The highest increases in population by county were between 5% and 6%. Ottawa County along the state's western border posted the highest population increase at 5.99%. Just east of Ottawa County, Kent County had the 2nd highest rate of growth at 5.54%, while heading north finds the 3rd highest rate of growth during the 5-year period in Grand Traverse county (5.37%). Other counties saw smaller rates of population growth, such as Oakland and Marquette Counties.

The Michigan County that saw the biggest population decline between 2010 and 2015 is Ontonagon County, recording a 10.94% decrease. Gogebic County, just south of Ontonagon, saw a decline of almost 6%, while Montmorency County located more centrally also experienced a decline of 5.28%. The eastern border of Michigan saw mostly declines in population, including reduced populations recorded in Huron, Wayne, and Alcona Counties.

Michigan Population by County

Population by Race

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Michigan Population by Race

Michigan Population Pyramid 2023

Michigan Median Age

39.8

Total

38.4

Male

41.3

Female

Michigan Adults

There are 7,812,144 adults, (1,712,841 of whom are seniors) in Michigan.

Michigan Age Dependency

63.5

Age Dependency Ratio

28.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Michigan Sex Ratio

Female5,061,94250.75%
Male4,911,96549.25%

Michigan Population by Age

Michigan Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.05

Average Family Size

2.45

Average Household Size

71.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Michigan Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Michigan Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Michigan Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.97%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 64.27%.

Michigan Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$40,538

Average Earnings

$48,900

Average Male

$32,463

Average Female

Michigan Earnings by Educational Attainment

Michigan Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Michigan Language

90.26% of Michigan residents speak only English, while 9.74% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 2.95% of the population.

Michigan Language

Michigan Poverty by Race

rate

13.71%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.57%

Male Poverty Rate

14.81%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Michigan

The race most likely to be in poverty in Michigan is Multiple, with 43.59% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Michigan is White, with 14.40% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.46%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.65%.

Michigan Poverty

Michigan Poverty Rate by Education

Michigan Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Michigan Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Michigan Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

48.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.2%

Male Marriage Rate

47.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Michigan Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Michigan Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Michigan Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Michigan Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

532,394

Number of Veterans

494,427

Male Veterans

37,967

Female Veterans

Michigan Veterans by War

Michigan Veterans by Age

count

Michigan Veterans by Race

Michigan Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

7.09%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.12%

Veteran Disability Rate

Michigan Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

61.5%

Labor Force Participation

57.7%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Michigan Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Michigan Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Michigan Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

75.51%

Born in Michigan

92.16%

Native Born

6.81%

Foreign Born

3.15%

Non Citizen

3.66%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.16% of Michigan residents were born in the United States, with 75.51% having been born in Michigan. 3.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Michigan Place of Birth

  1. Michigan Census Research Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)

Sources