Texas Population 2021

29,730,300
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Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous US states and sits in the South Central part of the country along the US-Mexico border. This is due to its current growth rate of 1.80%, which ranks 3rd in the country. The last US census was in 2010, so current figures are projected based on the latest estimates.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the number of citizens living in the Lone Star state was declared at 25,145,561, making it the second most populous state in the country. The state's population has now hit an all-time high of over 27 million.

Texas Area and Population Density

Given its large size, which only ranks 2nd in the nation behind Alaska, it's no surprise that Texas has a large population, which places it behind California as the 2nd most populous state.

Texas might be the second largest in terms of surface area at 268,581 square miles (696,241 square kilometers) but the statistics with regards to density are a little different. Texas has just 105.2 people per square mile and those figures are merely the 26th highest in the US.

Perhaps when you consider that there is harsh terrain and high temperatures across much of Texas, maybe the density statistics aren’t so surprising.

Texas has three cities with more than 1 million people: Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, which also rank as 10 of the most populous cities in the country. There are also three cities with a population over 500,000, which are El Paso, Fort Worth and the capital, Austin, which are among the 25 largest cities in the US.

The two most populated counties in Texas are Harris and Dallas Counties, with respective populations of 4,652,980 and 2,618,148. Both counties currently enjoy growth rates exceeding 10% since the last official census in 2010.

Texas Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age among the residents of the state is approximately 34.2 years of age. When examining the ratio of females to males across the population, 50.4% are females and 49.6% are males.

In terms of religious preferences among the current residents of the state, 77% are affiliated with a Christian based faith, 4% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and 18% report no affiliation with any religion in particular.

Texas Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Texas was part of Mexico until its revolution in 1835-36 made it an independent republic, with a territory somewhat larger than the present State. It became part of the United States and was admitted as a State on December 29, 1845. It reached essentially its present boundaries in 1850, after the sale to the United States of an extensive northwestern area. In 1896 a long-standing dispute over what is now Greer County, Oklahoma was decided against Texas by the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1930 a Supreme Court decision transferred from Oklahoma to Texas a narrow strip on the eastern side of the Texas Panhandle. Beginning in 1905, international treaties and conventions have exchanged small tracts along the Rio Grande with Mexico, notably in and adjacent to the city of El Paso.

Census coverage of eastern Texas began in 1850, although in 1820 and 1830 the census counts for (old) Miller County, Arkansas Territory, included some people in what is now Texas. By 1880 census coverage included the entire State.

Texas Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Texas was:

  • White: 73.97%
  • Black or African American: 12.13%
  • Other race: 5.82%
  • Asian: 4.80%
  • Two or more races: 2.69%
  • Native American: 0.50%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%

Texas Population History

By far the biggest increase in the measured population of Texas took place between 1850 and 1860 when the numbers jumped from 212,592 to 604,215. This represented a rise of an incredible 184.2% and further large jumps were experienced for the rest of the 19th century.

Further growth levels settled down by comparison but there has still been a healthy increase declared at every US census over the last 100 years.

Texas Population Growth

The 2010 confirmed figure of 25,145,561 represented an increase of 20.6% from the 2000 numbers of 20,851,820. Like most states across the US, the population of Texas has increased from its very birth but percentage rises are fairly constant with the recent 20.6% increase being a fairly typical figure.

Texas Population Projections

Unlike much of the United States of America, Texas’ growth is fairly constant and as such, it is far easier to predict than other parts of the country. The population of Texas in 2016 is now estimated at 27.4 million, and given its very high growth rate, it will be no surprise to see a substantial jump in the population at the next census.

Currently, 5 of the 15 fastest-growing cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Marcos, located between San Antonio and Austin, had the highest growth rate of any US city or town with more than 50,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

The population of Texas is estimated to continue the "rural flight" trend, further increasing the population of its larger cities, with a growth fueled by the suburbs, as well as recent gas and oil development in many parts of the state.

Hispanics, already a major group, are expected to become the majority by 2020, while the population also grows older as the baby boomer generation ages. By 2040, Texas is projected to have a population over 45 million.

The largest European ancestry groups in the state include German (11.3%), Irish (8.2%) and English (27%). There are also large populations of Italian Americans (472,000) and French Americans (600,000) in Texas.

Black Americans are the largest racial minority in the state, with blacks of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin making up less than 12% of the population. Native Americans are a very small minority, with Cherokee Indians the largest of the group claiming 0.1% of the population.

Asian Americans represent a rather large minority group in Texas, with more than 200,000 Indians living in the state. There are large populations of Vietnamese, Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos and Japanese in Texas, along with sizable populations of people with Hmong, Thai and Cambodian ancestry.

Hispanics and Latinos are Texas's second largest group after non-Hispanic Europeans, with nearly 8.5 million people. People of Mexican descent account for 30.7% of the total population with 7.3 million residents, although there are also large populations of Puerto Ricans and Cubans.

English remains the main first language, but for 27% of Texans, their first language is Spanish.

Texas Growth Rate

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Texas Population Rank

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Texas Population 2021

Texas Facts

Harris County

  • Population4,779,880
  • Density2803.69 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201016.36%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State16.08%

Because of the state of Texas' size, it isn't surprising that the area is home to 254 counties. When comparing data from the 2010 Census to estimates taken in 2015, the state showed a balance of population losses and gains across the state. Multiple states had population gains of over 20%. These counties include Andrews at 22.04%, Loving at 34.94%, Fort Bend at 21.25%, Kendall at 20.03%, and Hays at 23.04%. Other counties, including Kaufman, Harris, and Ector experienced population gains exceeding 10%, while other counties saw smaller but still significant gains.

As far as declining populations, several Texas counties posted losses during the 5-year period. Terrell County saw the biggest loss at 17.05%. Other counties saw population losses greater than 5%, including Presidio, Dickens, Hall, and Motley.

Texas Population Growth Rate by County

Harris County

  • Population4,779,880
  • Density2803.69 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201016.36%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State16.08%

Texas Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White20,903,34073.97%
Black or African American3,428,21412.13%
Some Other Race1,643,8655.82%
Asian1,357,2694.80%
Two or More Races761,4112.69%
American Indian and Alaska Native141,4250.50%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander25,2920.09%
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Texas Population by Race

Texas Population Pyramid 2021

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Texas Median Age

34.6


Total

33.7


Male

35.6


Female

Texas Adults

There are 20,922,400 adults, (3,462,530 of whom are seniors) in Texas.

Texas Age Dependency

61.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42

Child Dependency Ratio

Texas Sex Ratio

Female

14,226,800

50.34%

Male

14,034,000

49.66%

Texas Population by Age

Texas Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Texas Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.7%22.3%
All62%38%
Male51.8%48.2%
Female46.4%53.6%
Non Family44.8%55.2%

62.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Texas Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All9,691,6502.8562
Married4,876,4103.577.7
Non Family2,979,4601.2844.8
Female1,335,2603.7246.4
Male500,5123.6251.8

3.46

Average Family Size

2.85

Average Household Size

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Texas Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,482,9508.18%
9th to 12th Grade1,475,0108.14%
High School Graduate4,525,10024.96%
Some College3,918,82021.61%
Associates Degree1,309,0007.22%
Bachelors Degree3,534,71019.49%
Graduate Degree1,885,96010.40%
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Texas Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Texas Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White8,572,3608,052,6603,315,690
Hispanic6,213,0604,122,930931,073
Black2,165,6901,944,160532,033
Other Race977,679594,098109,845
Asian929,672820,312549,334
Multiple Races326,282285,657104,518
Native American90,32072,50719,126
Islander15,87914,2103,230

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.94%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 59.09%.

Texas Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,031$46,733$32,131
Less Than High School$23,718$28,960$16,533
High School Grad$30,683$36,743$23,862
Some College$37,934$46,389$31,172
Bachelors Degree$56,363$70,139$49,671
Graduate Degree$73,266$93,806$60,982

$40,031

Average Earnings

$46,733

Average Male

$32,131

Average Female

Texas Earnings by Educational Attainment

Texas Language by Age

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Texas Language

64.54% of Texas residents speak only English, while 35.46% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.29% of the population.

Texas Language

Texas Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic10,919,5002,262,56020.72%
White11,602,300980,0168.45%
Black3,287,350635,35519.33%
Other1,615,380339,54421.02%
Asian1,340,750136,22810.16%
Multiple740,504107,19814.48%
Native137,56123,54817.12%
Islander24,4694,60218.81%

14.73%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.34%

Male Poverty Rate

16.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Texas

The race most likely to be in poverty in Texas is Other, with 21.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Texas is White, with 8.45% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.66%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.54%.

Texas Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.59%
High School13.83%
Some College9.24%
Bachelors or Greater4.19%

Texas Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed31.95%
Male Unemployed24.16%
Female Employed8.33%
Male Employed6.16%

Texas Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Texas Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$61,874$87,260
Families$73,349$99,605
Married Families$89,626$116,886
Non Families$38,841$55,409
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Income by Household Type

Texas Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

48.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.4%

Male Marriage Rate

47.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Texas Married by Age and Sex

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Texas Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Texas Marital Status by Race

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Texas Marital Status

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1,453,450

Number of Veterans

1,299,160

Male Veterans

154,293

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam479,483
Second Gulf War374,227
First Gulf War372,708
Korea89,228
World War II35,189

Texas Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54412,737
65 to 74340,921
75+266,524
55 to 64256,209
18 to 34177,059

Texas Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,154,4707.42%
Hispanic271,3843.63%
Black204,1118.09%
Other33,5332.89%
2 or More32,6788.00%
Asian17,2891.65%
Indian9,1238.62%
Hawaiian2,24411.93%

Texas Veterans by Race

Texas Veterans by Education

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6.51%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Texas Veterans by Education

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64.7%

Labor Force Participation

61%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Texas Employment by Age

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Texas Employment by Race

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Texas Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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59.56%

Born in Texas

82.96%

Native Born

17.04%

Foreign Born

10.64%

Non Citizen

6.40%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

82.96% of Texas residents were born in the United States, with 59.56% having been born in Texas. 10.64% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Texas Place of Birth