Texas Population 2020

29,472,300

Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous US states and sits in the South Central part of the country along the US-Mexico border.

This is due to its current growth rate of 1.80%, which ranks 3rd in the country. The last US census was in 2010, so current figures are projected based on the latest estimates.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the number of citizens living in the Lone Star state was declared at 25,145,561, making it the second most populous state in the country. The state's population has now hit an all-time high of over 27 million.

Texas Area and Population Density

Given its large size, which only ranks 2nd in the nation behind Alaska, it's no surprise that Texas has a large population, which places it behind California as the 2nd most populous state.

Texas might be the second largest in terms of surface area at 268,581 square miles (696,241 square kilometers) but the statistics with regards to density are a little different. Texas has just 105.2 people per square mile and those figures are merely the 26th highest in the US.

Perhaps when you consider that there is harsh terrain and high temperatures across much of Texas, maybe the density statistics aren’t so surprising.

Texas has three cities with more than 1 million people: Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, which also rank as 10 of the most populous cities in the country. There are also three cities with a population over 500,000, which are El Paso, Fort Worth and the capital, Austin, which are among the 25 largest cities in the US.

The two most populated counties in Texas are Harris and Dallas Counties, with respective populations of 4,652,980 and 2,618,148. Both counties currently enjoy growth rates exceeding 10% since the last official census in 2010.

Texas Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age among the residents of the state is approximately 34.2 years of age. When examining the ratio of females to males across the population, 50.4% are females and 49.6% are males.

In terms of religious preferences among the current residents of the state, 77% are affiliated with a Christian based faith, 4% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and 18% report no affiliation with any religion in particular.

Texas Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Texas was part of Mexico until its revolution in 1835-36 made it an independent republic, with a territory somewhat larger than the present State. It became part of the United States and was admitted as a State on December 29, 1845. It reached essentially its present boundaries in 1850, after the sale to the United States of an extensive northwestern area. In 1896 a long-standing dispute over what is now Greer County, Oklahoma was decided against Texas by the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1930 a Supreme Court decision transferred from Oklahoma to Texas a narrow strip on the eastern side of the Texas Panhandle. Beginning in 1905, international treaties and conventions have exchanged small tracts along the Rio Grande with Mexico, notably in and adjacent to the city of El Paso.

Census coverage of eastern Texas began in 1850, although in 1820 and 1830 the census counts for (old) Miller County, Arkansas Territory, included some people in what is now Texas. By 1880 census coverage included the entire State.

Texas Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Texas was:

  • White: 74.31%
  • Black or African American: 12.07%
  • Other race: 5.74%
  • Asian: 4.69%
  • Two or more races: 2.62%
  • Native American: 0.49%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%

Texas Population History

By far the biggest increase in the measured population of Texas took place between 1850 and 1860 when the numbers jumped from 212,592 to 604,215. This represented a rise of an incredible 184.2% and further large jumps were experienced for the rest of the 19th century.

Further growth levels settled down by comparison but there has still been a healthy increase declared at every US census over the last 100 years.

Texas Population Growth

The 2010 confirmed figure of 25,145,561 represented an increase of 20.6% from the 2000 numbers of 20,851,820. Like most states across the US, the population of Texas has increased from its very birth but percentage rises are fairly constant with the recent 20.6% increase being a fairly typical figure.

Texas Population Projections

Unlike much of the United States of America, Texas’ growth is fairly constant and as such, it is far easier to predict than other parts of the country. The population of Texas in 2016 is now estimated at 27.4 million, and given its very high growth rate, it will be no surprise to see a substantial jump in the population at the next census.

Currently, 5 of the 15 fastest-growing cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Marcos, located between San Antonio and Austin, had the highest growth rate of any US city or town with more than 50,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

The population of Texas is estimated to continue the "rural flight" trend, further increasing the population of its larger cities, with a growth fueled by the suburbs, as well as recent gas and oil development in many parts of the state.

Hispanics, already a major group, are expected to become the majority by 2020, while the population also grows older as the baby boomer generation ages. By 2040, Texas is projected to have a population over 45 million.

Texas Growth Rate

Texas Population Rank

Texas Population 2020

Harris County

  • Population4,698,620
  • Density2756.02 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201014.38%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State16.37%

Because of the state of Texas' size, it isn't surprising that the area is home to 254 counties. When comparing data from the 2010 Census to estimates taken in 2015, the state showed a balance of population losses and gains across the state. Multiple states had population gains of over 20%. These counties include Andrews at 22.04%, Loving at 34.94%, Fort Bend at 21.25%, Kendall at 20.03%, and Hays at 23.04%. Other counties, including Kaufman, Harris, and Ector experienced population gains exceeding 10%, while other counties saw smaller but still significant gains.

As far as declining populations, several Texas counties posted losses during the 5-year period. Terrell County saw the biggest loss at 17.05%. Other counties saw population losses greater than 5%, including Presidio, Dickens, Hall, and Motley.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White20,720,73074.31%
Black or African American3,365,78012.07%
Some Other Race1,600,2345.74%
Asian1,308,2544.69%
Two or More Races730,4992.62%
American Indian and Alaska Native136,0610.49%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander23,6720.08%

Texas Population Pyramid 2020

Texas Median Age

34.4


Total

33.5


Male

35.4


Female

Texas Adults

There are 20,592,500 adults, (3,337,810 of whom are seniors) in Texas.

Texas Age Dependency

61.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Texas Sex Ratio

Female

14,035,400

50.33%

Male

13,849,800

49.67%

Texas Households and Families

Texas Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Texas Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.7%22.3%
All61.9%38.1%
Male51.7%48.3%
Female46.3%53.7%
Non Family44.9%55.1%

61.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All9,553,0502.8661.9
Married4,812,9703.577.7
Non Family2,923,7201.2944.9
Female1,328,1503.746.3
Male488,2023.6151.7

3.46

Average Family Size

2.86

Average Household Size

5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Texas Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,506,1108.45%
9th to 12th Grade1,487,3208.35%
High School Graduate4,448,88024.97%
Some College3,892,53021.85%
Associates Degree1,261,0507.08%
Bachelors Degree3,409,84019.14%
Graduate Degree1,809,63010.16%

Texas Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White8,518,5107,986,3503,240,800
Hispanic6,057,4603,952,110870,067
Black2,109,0001,879,140502,762
Other Race943,092566,264100,503
Asian890,149780,686519,719
Multiple Races308,984269,08996,539
Native American85,96767,85716,862
Islander14,97313,2512,889

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.39%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,610$45,026$31,418
Less Than High School$22,413$27,306$15,819
High School Grad$30,015$35,623$23,097
Some College$36,831$45,247$30,499
Bachelors Degree$54,975$68,415$48,386
Graduate Degree$71,723$91,884$59,437

$38,610

Average Earnings

$45,026

Average Male

$31,418

Average Female

Texas Language

Texas Language by Age

Texas Language

64.47% of Texas residents speak only English, while 35.53% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.48% of the population.

Texas Poverty

Texas Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic10,726,9002,365,58022.05%
White11,551,9001,000,4708.66%
Black3,225,450654,44920.29%
Other1,572,550350,46722.29%
Asian1,291,930135,83110.51%
Multiple710,442109,00815.34%
Native131,86323,58717.89%
Islander23,0433,72216.15%

15.46%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.01%

Male Poverty Rate

16.86%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Texas

The race most likely to be in poverty in Texas is Other, with 22.29% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Texas is White, with 8.66% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.90%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.17%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.78%
High School14.18%
Some College9.41%
Bachelors or Greater4.25%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed33.24%
Male Unemployed25.28%
Female Employed8.85%
Male Employed6.62%

Texas Income

Texas Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$59,570$84,221
Families$70,423$96,001
Married Families$86,102$112,823
Non Families$37,139$53,665

Texas Marital Status

Texas Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.6%

Male Marriage Rate

47.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Texas Married by Age and Sex

Texas Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Texas Marital Status by Race

Texas Veterans

1,474,230

Number of Veterans

1,320,730

Male Veterans

153,502

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam493,362
First Gulf War368,418
Second Gulf War357,175
Korea99,776
World War II43,818
Age Group Veterans
35 to 54413,503
65 to 74343,593
75+267,868
55 to 64265,989
18 to 34183,279
Name Veterans % of Total
White1,180,6407.67%
Hispanic270,9843.71%
Black201,4428.16%
Other33,0892.94%
2 or More31,7828.17%
Asian16,2421.62%
Indian8,8518.82%
Hawaiian2,18912.40%

$Texas Veterans by Education

6.50%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Texas Employment Status

64.6%

Labor Force Participation

60.7%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Texas Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.67%

Born in Texas

83.01%

Native Born

16.99%

Foreign Born

10.75%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

83.01% of Texas residents were born in the United States, with 59.67% having been born in Texas. 10.75% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.