Cleveland, Ohio Population 2020

379,233
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Cleveland is a city located in Ohio. With a 2020 population of 379,233, it is the 2nd largest city in Ohio (after Columbus) and the 54th largest city in the United States. Cleveland is currently declining at a rate of -0.60% annually and its population has decreased by -4.43% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 396,815 in 2010. Cleveland reached it's highest population of 914,808 in 1950. Spanning over 82 miles, Cleveland has a population density of 4,881 people per square mile.

The average household income in Cleveland is $43,920 with a poverty rate of 34.65%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $700 per month, and the median house value is $68,500. The median age in Cleveland is 36 years, 34.9 years for males, and 37 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.2 males.

Cleveland, or The Forest City, is located in northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie about 60 miles west of the Pennsylvania border.

Population Size and Density in Cleveland Metro

Cleveland has an estimated population of {pop}, down from 396,000 at the 2010 census and its record high of 914,000 in 1950. The city proper has a population density of 5,107 people per square mile. The Greater Cleveland Metro area is the 28th largest metropolitan statistical area in the U.S. with a population of just over 2 million. The larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a population of 3.5 million, and it is the 15th largest CSA in the country.

Cleveland Diversity

Major ethnic groups include German (9.2%), Irish (8.2%), Poles (4.8%), Italians (4.6%), and English (2.8%). 4.5% of Cleveland's population was foreign-born as of 2000, with 41% born in Europe, 29% born in Asia, 22% born in Latin America, 5% in Africa and 1.9% in North America.

Cleveland is also home to several small communities of Slovaks, Slovenes, French, Hungarians, Arabs, Dutch, Czechs, Ukrainians, Scottish, Russian, Scotch Irish, Croats, Puerto Ricans, West Indians, Romanians, Greeks, and Lithuanians. At one time, Cleveland had the highest number of Hungarians outside of Budapest. Between just 1920 and 1960, the black population in the city rose from 35,000 to 251,000.

Cleveland Population Growth

Between 2000 and 2010, Cleveland lost 17% of its population, and some neighborhoods -- including Glenville and Hough -- lost up to 38% of their population between 2000 and 2007, although downtown Cleveland has gained population. This puts Cleveland in the same category as Youngstown, Ohio, and Detroit in terms of population decline.

Despite the bleak picture, Cleveland has been revitalizing its downtown area since the 1990s and more than $3.5 billion has been invested in redeveloping the area. Forbes recently ranked Cleveland as one of the top 15 emerging downtown cities in the country. In 2013, downtown Cleveland also saw record growth, both in terms of its economy and population. The city's core daily population has reached 125,000, which is the highest ever for the city.

Cleveland got its start in 1796, when surveyors for the Connecticut Land Company laid out the area into townships and a capital they called "Cleaveland" after the leader, General Moses Cleaveland. The village of Cleaveland was incorporated in 1814, and its prime waterfront location quickly presented itself as an advantage. The region proliferated after the Ohio and Erie Canal was completed in 1832, linking the Ohio River and the Great Lakes to Cleveland and the Atlantic Ocean. Growth picked up even further when the railroad links were added, and it was incorporated as a city in 1836.

With its prime location, Cleveland served as a transportation hub on the Great Lakes, which helped it develop as a significant commercial center. It also became important in the American manufacturing industry at the beginning of the 20th century. Cleveland reached a population peak of 914,000 in 1950, but by the 1960s the economy had slowed, and residents fled to the suburbs.

After years of decline, Cleveland is today viewed as a great example of revitalization, and it now ranks as one of the most livable cities in the United States.

Cleveland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Cleveland was:

  • Black or African American: 49.59%
  • White: 39.76%
  • Two or more races: 4.29%
  • Other race: 3.44%
  • Asian: 2.39%
  • Native American: 0.50%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Cleveland, Ohio is 379,233, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 383,793.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 396,815.

Cleveland, Ohio Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,053,930-1,540-0.07%
20192,055,470-1,540-0.07%
20182,057,010-1,540-0.07%
20172,058,550-2,980-0.14%
20162,061,530-2,750-0.13%
20152,064,280-3,180-0.15%
20142,067,4603300.02%
20132,067,1302,4100.12%
20122,064,720-4,080-0.20%
20112,068,800-6,680-0.32%
20102,075,4800.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American192,11249.59%
White154,04139.76%
Two or More Races16,6084.29%
Some Other Race13,3283.44%
Asian9,2752.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,9400.50%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander940.02%
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Cleveland Population Pyramid 2020

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Cleveland Median Age

36


Total

34.9


Male

37


Female

Cleveland Adults

There are 299,613 adults, (52,403 of whom are seniors) in Cleveland.

Cleveland Age Dependency

56.7

Age Dependency Ratio

21.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Cleveland Sex Ratio

Female

200,554

51.77%

Male

186,844

48.23%

Cleveland Households and Families

Cleveland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Cleveland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.3%30.7%
All41.3%58.7%
Male38.3%61.7%
Non Family34.6%65.4%
Female31.8%68.2%

41.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All169,3652.2141.3
Non Family87,0531.1934.6
Female38,1673.4331.8
Married34,6343.1769.3
Male9,5113.2338.3

3.17

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Cleveland Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,8375.38%
9th to 12th Grade38,59614.99%
High School Graduate85,03233.03%
Some College58,96522.91%
Associates Degree18,2607.09%
Bachelors Degree26,81510.42%
Graduate Degree15,9146.18%
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Cleveland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black121,04395,16411,287
White100,70784,88225,842
Hispanic25,28316,9902,092
Other Race8,2255,579701
Asian6,1544,4592,422
Multiple Races5,8704,7421,148
Native American1,28188393
Islander555123

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 92.73%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 41.82%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$28,381$31,213$26,053
Less Than High School$18,591$21,303$15,987
High School Grad$24,196$27,976$21,059
Some College$27,978$30,640$26,483
Bachelors Degree$44,296$50,773$40,991
Graduate Degree$57,124$60,284$54,532

$28,381

Average Earnings

$31,213

Average Male

$26,053

Average Female

Cleveland Language

Cleveland Language by Age

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Cleveland Language

86.19% of Cleveland residents speak only English, while 13.81% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.76% of the population.

Cleveland Poverty

Cleveland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black188,26479,49042.22%
White125,42828,26822.54%
Hispanic44,19816,34536.98%
Multiple16,0985,74135.66%
Other13,2354,80136.28%
Asian8,6872,77431.93%
Native1,89193549.44%
Islander894752.81%

34.65%

Overall Poverty Rate

33.19%

Male Poverty Rate

35.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cleveland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cleveland is Islander, with 52.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cleveland is White, with 22.54% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.03%. Among those working part-time, it was 36.87%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 46.14%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School42.21%
High School30.68%
Some College26.06%
Bachelors or Greater10.81%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed61.02%
Male Unemployed53.58%
Female Employed18.40%
Male Employed12.81%

Cleveland Income

Cleveland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$29,008$43,920
Families$35,191$51,519
Married Families$58,910$76,727
Non Families$21,601$34,579
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Cleveland Marital Status

Cleveland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

24.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.1%

Male Marriage Rate

23.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Cleveland Married by Age and Sex

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Cleveland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Cleveland Marital Status by Race

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Cleveland Veterans

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18,657

Number of Veterans

17,099

Male Veterans

1,558

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam6,897
First Gulf War2,612
Second Gulf War2,084
Korea1,437
World War II750
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Age Group Veterans
55 to 644,885
65 to 744,625
35 to 544,302
75+3,627
18 to 341,218
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Name Veterans % of Total
Black9,4796.69%
White8,3576.40%
Hispanic1,0423.45%
2 or More3454.39%
Other2682.79%
Asian1051.28%
Indian1016.57%
Hawaiian23.33%

Cleveland Veterans by Education

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17.99%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.09%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cleveland Employment Status

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58.8%

Labor Force Participation

50.1%

Employment Rate

14.7%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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72.64%

Born in Ohio

94.57%

Native Born

5.43%

Foreign Born

2.99%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.57% of Cleveland residents were born in the United States, with 72.64% having been born in Ohio. 2.99% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020379,233-2,280-0.60%
2019381,513-2,280-0.59%
2018383,793-1,635-0.42%
2017385,428-2,280-0.59%
2016387,708-1,540-0.40%
2015389,248-1,602-0.41%
2014390,850-909-0.23%
2013391,7592590.07%
2012391,500-1,094-0.28%
2011392,594-3,296-0.83%
2010395,890-82,513-1.88%
2000478,403-27,213-0.55%
1990505,616-68,206-1.26%
1980573,822-177,057-2.65%
1970750,879-125,171-1.53%
1960876,050-38,758-0.43%
1950914,80836,4720.41%
1940878,336-22,093-0.25%
1930900,429103,5881.23%
1920796,841236,1783.58%
1910560,663178,8953.92%
1900381,768120,4153.86%
1890261,353101,2075.02%
1880160,14667,3175.60%
187092,82949,4127.90%
186043,41726,3839.81%
185017,03410,96310.87%
18406,0714,97118.63%
18301,1005006.25%
18206000.00%