Columbus, Ohio Population 2020

922,223

Columbus is a city located in Ohio. With a 2020 population of 922,223, it is the largest city in Ohio and the 14th largest city in the United States. Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 1.64% annually and its population has increased by 17.18% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 787,033 in 2010. Spanning over 225 miles, Columbus has a population density of 4,207 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbus is $66,077 with a poverty rate of 20.38%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $928 per month, and the median house value is $143,000. The median age in Columbus is 32.2 years, 31.5 years for males, and 32.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.4 males.

It is the county seat of Franklin County, and its size has grown as it has annexed areas of Fairfield County and Delaware County. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812.

Metro Area and Population Density

Columbus is the core city of the Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area, which spreads ten counties and is the third largest metropolitan area in the state, nearly tied with the Cleveland MSA and just behind the Cincinnati MSA. The Columbus metro area is the 28th largest in the country with a population of 2.4 million. The city proper has a population density of 3,625 people per square mile.

Recent Notable Rankings

Columbus was named as one of the top 50 cities in America in 2012 by BusinessWeek, and it was given an A rating by Forbes a year later as one of the top cities for business in the country. It was also recently named as one of the top cities to relocate in the country and the number 3 best city of the future.

Columbus Diversity and Religion

The most common ancestry groups in Columbus are German (19.4%), Irish (11.7%), English (7.9%), Polish (7.2%), and Italian (5.0%). While European immigration to Columbus has declined, the metropolitan area has seen great increases in African, Latin American and Asian immigration, particularly from China, Mexico, India, and Somalia. The city has a diverse Asian population, although the Hispanic community is mostly Mexican with a sizable Puerto Rican population. About 116,000 people in Columbus are foreign-born, which accounts for about 82% of new residents. 40% came from Asia, 23% from Africa, 22% from Latin America and 13% immigrated from Europe.

Columbus also has a large LGBT community of around 35,000. It was rated as one of the best cities in the U.S. for lesbians and gay people, as well as the most underrated gay city.

37.6% of Columbus residents report they are religious. Of this group, 15.7% are Protestant, 13.7% are Catholic, 1.5% are Jewish, 0.6% are Muslim and 0.5% are Mormon.

Columbus Population Growth

The Columbus area is currently leading Ohio in population growth, as it has been for several years, both in terms of a percentage share and absolute terms. While four northern Ohio counties ranked in the top 10 nationally for population decline in 2013, Columbus grew by 1.4%.

The Columbus area was once known as the Ohio Country, and the French Empire controlled it in the 18th century during a time when it was a fur trading point. The region was often caught between Native American and European interests. In the 1750s, George Washington was sent to the area by the Ohio Company to survey, and a fight over the territory led to the Seven Years' War with the French and Indian War. The region was ceded to the British Empire in 1763.

After the American Revolution, the Ohio Country came under the control of the United States. When colonists from the East Coast attempted to move to the area expecting empty land, they found several Indian peoples, including the Miami, Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, and Wyandot nations, who resisted this expansion by the U.S.

After Ohio became a state in 1803, Columbus was chosen as a site for the new capital because it was located centrally and easily accessible. Before this decision, Columbus did not exist. It was designed from the beginning as the capital for the state, and it was founded in 1812 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus. It was chartered as a city in 1834 with a population of 3,500. It became a significant base for the Union Army during the Civil War and housed 26,000 troops as well as 9,000 Confederate prisoners of war in present-day west Columbus. It is now the site of one of the largest Confederate cemeteries in the North.

By 1990, Columbus became the largest city in Ohio in terms of size and population.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • White: 59.49%
  • Black or African American: 28.48%
  • Asian: 5.72%
  • Two or more races: 4.27%
  • Other race: 1.76%
  • Native American: 0.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Columbus, Ohio is 922,223, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 892,533.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 787,033.

Columbus, Ohio Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,154,67024,0601.12%
20192,130,61024,0701.13%
20182,106,54024,0601.14%
20172,082,48030,5201.47%
20162,051,96024,4001.19%
20152,027,56025,7801.27%
20142,001,78027,6601.38%
20131,974,12026,9601.37%
20121,947,16021,0001.08%
20111,926,16019,8001.03%
20101,906,3600.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White516,12859.49%
Black or African American247,06028.48%
Asian49,6165.72%
Two or More Races37,0584.27%
Some Other Race15,3131.76%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0180.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4350.05%

Columbus Population Pyramid 2020

Columbus Median Age

32.2


Total

31.5


Male

32.8


Female

Columbus Adults

There are 672,833 adults, (87,121 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

48.1

Age Dependency Ratio

14.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female

444,081

51.18%

Male

423,547

48.82%

Columbus Households and Families

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Columbus Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.5%33.5%
All44.7%55.3%
Male41%59%
Non Family34.4%65.6%
Female30.8%69.2%

44.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All352,5432.3944.7
Non Family163,0141.3834.4
Married115,4903.1766.5
Female55,2573.4330.8
Male18,7823.3541

3.15

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

7.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Columbus Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade19,9483.49%
9th to 12th Grade40,2507.04%
High School Graduate145,91725.52%
Some College119,89520.97%
Associates Degree41,5347.26%
Bachelors Degree132,73523.21%
Graduate Degree71,52712.51%

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White349,525323,184147,229
Black148,444128,23027,726
Asian33,16527,97619,059
Hispanic25,84618,7295,553
Multiple Races14,81713,4974,443
Other Race8,3185,5071,564
Native American1,4561,228402
Islander25718897

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.46%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.47%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,585$40,343$33,169
Less Than High School$19,667$22,071$16,007
High School Grad$28,098$31,479$24,422
Some College$32,430$36,022$30,506
Bachelors Degree$49,503$53,733$44,783
Graduate Degree$59,953$68,164$54,728

$36,585

Average Earnings

$40,343

Average Male

$33,169

Average Female

Columbus Language

Columbus Language by Age

Columbus Language

84.71% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 15.29% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 4.26% of the population.

Columbus Poverty

Columbus Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black243,09874,20930.53%
White468,09663,05713.47%
Hispanic50,94416,22831.85%
Asian47,92910,45421.81%
Multiple36,0829,44426.17%
Other15,2655,56936.48%
Native1,95229715.22%
Islander4356815.63%

20.38%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.24%

Male Poverty Rate

21.46%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Other, with 36.48% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is White, with 13.47% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.14%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.09%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.89%
High School19.20%
Some College13.25%
Bachelors or Greater5.68%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.18%
Male Unemployed39.75%
Female Employed11.18%
Male Employed8.83%

Columbus Income

Columbus Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,612$66,077
Families$61,112$76,284
Married Families$81,635$95,588
Non Families$40,297$51,683

Columbus Marital Status

Columbus Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.9%

Male Marriage Rate

34.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

Columbus Veterans

40,448

Number of Veterans

36,481

Male Veterans

3,967

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam12,686
Second Gulf War8,802
First Gulf War8,392
Korea2,524
World War II1,265
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5411,188
65 to 749,339
55 to 647,786
75+6,751
18 to 345,384
Name Veterans % of Total
White28,0256.57%
Black10,3255.95%
2 or More1,3086.43%
Hispanic8282.62%
Asian4591.15%
Indian19311.57%
Other1381.39%

$Columbus Veterans by Education

9.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.80%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Employment Status

70.3%

Labor Force Participation

66.2%

Employment Rate

5.8%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

64.73%

Born in Ohio

87.53%

Native Born

12.47%

Foreign Born

7.14%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.53% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 64.73% having been born in Ohio. 7.14% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020922,22314,8451.64%
2019907,37814,8451.66%
2018892,53310,7701.22%
2017881,76314,8451.71%
2016866,91811,9061.39%
2015855,01213,2721.58%
2014841,74013,9161.68%
2013827,82415,1131.86%
2012812,71112,1891.52%
2011800,5229,5871.21%
2010790,93579,4651.06%
2000711,47078,5601.18%
1990632,91067,8891.14%
1980565,02124,9960.45%
1970540,02568,7091.37%
1960471,31695,4152.29%
1950375,90169,8142.08%
1940306,08715,5230.52%
1930290,56453,5332.06%
1920237,03155,5202.70%
1910181,51155,9513.75%
1900125,56037,4103.60%
189088,15036,5035.49%
188051,64720,3735.14%
187031,27412,7205.36%
186018,5546720.37%
185017,88211,83411.45%
18406,0483,6489.68%
18302,4000.00%