Columbus, Ohio Population 2021

913,921
Loading...

Columbus is a city located in Franklin County Ohio. It is also the county seat of Franklin County. With a 2020 population of 913,921, it is the largest city in Ohio and the 14th largest city in the United States . Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 0.85% annually and its population has increased by 16.12% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 787,033 in 2010. Columbus reached it's highest population of 913,921 in 2021. Spanning over 225 miles, Columbus has a population density of 4,169 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbus is $69,315 with a poverty rate of 19.54%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $961 per month, and the median house value is $151,600. The median age in Columbus is 32.2 years, 31.6 years for males, and 32.8 years for females.

It is the county seat of Franklin County, and its size has grown as it has annexed areas of Fairfield County and Delaware County. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812.

Metro Area and Population Density

Columbus is the core city of the Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area, which spreads ten counties and is the third largest metropolitan area in the state, nearly tied with the Cleveland MSA and just behind the Cincinnati MSA. The Columbus metro area is the 28th largest in the country with a population of 2.4 million. The city proper has a population density of 3,625 people per square mile.

Recent Notable Rankings

Columbus was named as one of the top 50 cities in America in 2012 by BusinessWeek, and it was given an A rating by Forbes a year later as one of the top cities for business in the country. It was also recently named as one of the top cities to relocate in the country and the number 3 best city of the future.

Columbus Diversity and Religion

The most common ancestry groups in Columbus are German (19.4%), Irish (11.7%), English (7.9%), Polish (7.2%), and Italian (5.0%). While European immigration to Columbus has declined, the metropolitan area has seen great increases in African, Latin American and Asian immigration, particularly from China, Mexico, India, and Somalia. The city has a diverse Asian population, although the Hispanic community is mostly Mexican with a sizable Puerto Rican population. About 116,000 people in Columbus are foreign-born, which accounts for about 82% of new residents. 40% came from Asia, 23% from Africa, 22% from Latin America and 13% immigrated from Europe.

Columbus also has a large LGBT community of around 35,000. It was rated as one of the best cities in the U.S. for lesbians and gay people, as well as the most underrated gay city.

37.6% of Columbus residents report they are religious. Of this group, 15.7% are Protestant, 13.7% are Catholic, 1.5% are Jewish, 0.6% are Muslim and 0.5% are Mormon.

Columbus Population Growth

The Columbus area is currently leading Ohio in population growth, as it has been for several years, both in terms of a percentage share and absolute terms. While four northern Ohio counties ranked in the top 10 nationally for population decline in 2013, Columbus grew by 1.4%.

The Columbus area was once known as the Ohio Country, and the French Empire controlled it in the 18th century during a time when it was a fur trading point. The region was often caught between Native American and European interests. In the 1750s, George Washington was sent to the area by the Ohio Company to survey, and a fight over the territory led to the Seven Years' War with the French and Indian War. The region was ceded to the British Empire in 1763.

After the American Revolution, the Ohio Country came under the control of the United States. When colonists from the East Coast attempted to move to the area expecting empty land, they found several Indian peoples, including the Miami, Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, and Wyandot nations, who resisted this expansion by the U.S.

After Ohio became a state in 1803, Columbus was chosen as a site for the new capital because it was located centrally and easily accessible. Before this decision, Columbus did not exist. It was designed from the beginning as the capital for the state, and it was founded in 1812 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus. It was chartered as a city in 1834 with a population of 3,500. It became a significant base for the Union Army during the Civil War and housed 26,000 troops as well as 9,000 Confederate prisoners of war in present-day west Columbus. It is now the site of one of the largest Confederate cemeteries in the North.

By 1990, Columbus became the largest city in Ohio in terms of size and population.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • White: 58.64%
  • Black or African American: 28.99%
  • Asian: 5.82%
  • Two or more races: 4.15%
  • Other race: 2.09%
  • Native American: 0.27%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Columbus, Ohio is 913,921 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 890,869.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 787,033.

Columbus, Ohio Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20212,158,42018,0700.84%
20202,140,35018,0800.84%
20192,122,27018,0800.85%
20182,104,19021,6101.03%
20172,082,58030,3901.46%
20162,052,19024,6201.20%
20152,027,57025,9301.28%
20142,001,64027,5801.38%
20131,974,06026,8501.36%
20121,947,21020,8701.07%
20111,926,34019,9701.04%
20101,906,3700.00%

Columbus Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White515,14358.64%
Black or African American254,68428.99%
Asian51,1315.82%
Two or More Races36,4944.15%
Some Other Race18,3492.09%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,3730.27%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3790.04%
Loading...

Columbus Population by Race

Columbus Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Columbus Median Age

32.2


Total

31.6


Male

32.8


Female

Columbus Adults

There are 681,180 adults, (89,722 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

48.5

Age Dependency Ratio

15.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female

448,685

51.07%

Male

429,868

48.93%

Columbus Population by Age

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Columbus Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.8%33.2%
All44.7%55.3%
Male40.5%59.5%
Non Family34.3%65.7%
Female31.2%68.8%

44.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbus Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All357,1282.3944.7
Non Family166,6571.3834.3
Married116,6363.1966.8
Female54,5523.4331.2
Male19,2833.3640.5

3.16

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

Loading...

Columbus Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade19,9463.44%
9th to 12th Grade39,0756.74%
High School Graduate147,84925.48%
Some College119,58320.61%
Associates Degree41,5987.17%
Bachelors Degree138,19223.82%
Graduate Degree73,90812.74%
Loading...

Columbus Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White350,306324,556150,694
Black153,334133,08730,171
Asian34,54929,47019,935
Hispanic27,05320,4456,286
2+ Races14,69613,3234,834
Other Race9,6066,7121,600
Native American1,6701,485435
Islander20615693

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.65%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.70%.

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,194$41,735$34,433
Less Than 9th Grade$21,365$24,205$16,966
High School Graduate$29,271$32,216$24,992
Some College$33,320$36,551$31,405
Bachelors Degree$51,061$54,713$46,819
Graduate Degree$61,360$69,671$55,864

$38,194

Average Earnings

$41,735

Average Male

$34,433

Average Female

Columbus Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbus Language by Age

Loading...

Columbus Language

84.23% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 15.77% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 4.55% of the population.

Columbus Language

Columbus Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black250,78774,46529.69%
White467,54860,65312.97%
Hispanic53,36515,29928.67%
Asian49,1438,80817.92%
Multiple35,5888,66824.36%
Other18,2795,67231.03%
Native2,27833814.84%
Islander3744411.76%

19.54%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.35%

Male Poverty Rate

20.67%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Other, with 31.03% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Islander, with 11.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.02%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.63%.

Columbus Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.36%
High School18.97%
Some College13.42%
Bachelors or Greater5.35%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed44.25%
Male Unemployed39.00%
Female Employed10.79%
Male Employed8.23%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbus Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$53,745$69,315
Families$63,998$80,003
Married Families$85,106$100,163
Non Families$42,220$54,559
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Columbus Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

36.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.8%

Male Marriage Rate

34.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Columbus Marital Status

Loading...

39,128

Number of Veterans

35,369

Male Veterans

3,759

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam12,275
Second Gulf War8,625
First Gulf War7,891
Korea2,349
World War II1,061

Columbus Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5410,213
65 to 749,456
55 to 647,741
75+6,606
18 to 345,112

Columbus Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White27,4316.43%
Black9,8235.51%
2+ Races1,0955.45%
Hispanic7872.37%
Asian4481.07%
Native American20710.73%
Other Race1241.07%

Columbus Veterans by Race

Columbus Veterans by Education

Loading...

9.45%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.86%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Veterans by Education

Loading...

70.7%

Labor Force Participation

66.8%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Employment by Age

Loading...

Columbus Employment by Race

Loading...

Columbus Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

64.51%

Born in Columbus

87.29%

Native Born

12.71%

Foreign Born

7.08%

Non Citizen

5.63%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

87.29% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 64.51% having been born in Ohio. 7.08% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbus Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021913,9217,6840.85%
2020906,2377,6840.86%
2019898,5537,6840.86%
2018890,8699,1751.04%
2017881,69414,8001.71%
2016866,89411,9441.40%
2015854,95013,2771.58%
2014841,67313,8761.68%
2013827,79715,0571.85%
2012812,74012,1331.52%
2011800,6079,6641.22%
2010790,94379,4731.06%
2000711,47078,5601.18%
1990632,91067,8891.14%
1980565,02124,9960.45%
1970540,02568,7091.37%
1960471,31695,4152.29%
1950375,90169,8142.08%
1940306,08715,5230.52%
1930290,56453,5332.06%
1920237,03155,5202.70%
1910181,51155,9513.75%
1900125,56037,4103.60%
189088,15036,5035.49%
188051,64720,3735.14%
187031,27412,7205.36%
186018,5546720.37%
185017,88211,83411.45%
18406,0483,6489.68%
18302,4000.00%

Columbus Population by Year