Portland, Oregon Population 2021

662,549
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Portland is a city located in Clackamas County, Multnomah County, and Washington County Oregon. It is also the county seat of Multnomah County. With a 2020 population of 662,549, it is the largest city in Oregon and the 27th largest city in the United States . Portland is currently growing at a rate of 0.59% annually and its population has increased by 13.49% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 583,776 in 2010. Portland reached it's highest population of 662,549 in 2021. Spanning over 145 miles, Portland has a population density of 4,966 people per square mile.

The average household income in Portland is $95,998 with a poverty rate of 13.72%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,248 per month, and the median house value is $412,000. The median age in Portland is 37.1 years, 37 years for males, and 37.1 years for females.

Portland is the most populous city in the state of Oregon and the third most populous city in the Pacific Northwest, after Seattle and Vancouver. With its many rose gardens, Portland is known as the City of Roses, and it has been incorporated since 1851.

Portland is currently the 26th largest city in the US, just a few spots behind Seattle, the largest city in the Northwest. When the entire metro area of Portland (five counties in Oregon, and two counties in Washington) is tallied, and the total is nearly 2.4 million. There are about 4,375 Portlanders per square mile.

Portland Diversity

The African American population of Portland was just 2,000 in 1940, comprised mostly of railroad employees, many of whom were drawn to the area during the wartime ship construction boom. Many black people who came to the city settled in certain neighborhoods, including Vanport and Abina. Today, the African American population of Portland (6.3%) is more than three times the Oregon average, with more than two-thirds of all African American residents of Oregon living in the city.

Vietnamese Americans makeup 2.2% of the city's total population and represent the largest Asian ethnic group, followed by Chinese (1.7%), Filipino (0.6%), Korean (0.4%), Laotian (0.4%), Hmong (0.2%) and Cambodian (0.1%). There are two Chinatowns in Portland. About 12,000 Vietnamese people live in the city, which is one of the largest Vietnamese populations in the country.

Portland does remain a predominantly white city, although the percentage has dropped over the last fifty years. In 1940, 98% of the population was white. In 2009, Portland still had the 5th highest percentage of white residents among the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the country, while a study in 2007 found that Portland's urban area has the highest rate of white people in the United States.

The most significant influx of minorities into Portland occurred during World War II when the African American population grew more than ten times. After the war, a flood in Vanport displaced many. Issues like police hostility, mortgage discrimination, and job discrimination led to half of the black population leaving Portland after the war.

Portland Population Growth

's population grew more than 10% from 2000 and 2010, and population growth in the Portland metro area has outpaced the national average for the last decade. This trend is expected to continue for the next five decades. Since the 2010 census, the population has grown an additional 8.3%.

A recent Forbes article found that Portland is the 10th fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States with a stable growth rate of 1.8% per year. Portland also leads Oregon's population growth, with numbers declining in many rural and eastern areas in favor of the city.

In October 2015, Oregon Metro released its urban growth report, which contains their population projections for the next twenty years. Metro is projecting continued growth until 2040, albeit at a slower rate than in previous forecasts. The metro area is anticipated to cross 3 million residents by 2040.

Oregon's population growth temporarily declined during the recession, which hit the region harder than most areas of the country, but it has already started to pick up with home values rising and job opportunities improving. The state still has higher-than-average unemployment and underemployment.

The area that is now Portland was occupied for centuries by two different bands of Upper Chinook Indians, who fished and traded along the river. The Tualatin Plains eventually became a settlement of Portland. In 1843, a man named William Overton saw commercial potential but lacked the money for a land claim. He made a deal with his partner, Asa Lovejoy, and Boston, for $0.25 to share the claim of 640 acres of land.

Overton eventually sold his half to Francis Pettygrove of Portland, Maine. Pettygrove and Lovejoy both wanted to name the new city after their home towns. This was settled in 1845 by a coin toss, which Pettygrove of Portland, Maine won.

When it was incorporated in 1851, Portland had more than 800 inhabitants, which grew to 17,500 by 1879.

Portland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Portland was:

  • White: 77.38%
  • Asian: 8.18%
  • Black or African American: 5.80%
  • Two or more races: 5.34%
  • Other race: 1.89%
  • Native American: 0.80%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.61%
The current population of Portland, Oregon is 662,549 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 650,837.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 583,776.

Portland, Oregon Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20212,530,54019,0700.75%
20202,511,47019,0600.76%
20192,492,41019,0600.76%
20182,473,35018,5300.75%
20172,454,82028,2401.15%
20162,426,58044,9201.85%
20152,381,66037,6701.58%
20142,343,99032,9701.41%
20132,311,02022,5600.98%
20122,288,46025,6301.12%
20112,262,83030,6501.35%
20102,232,1800.00%

Portland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White499,30177.38%
Asian52,7548.18%
Black or African American37,4565.80%
Two or More Races34,4775.34%
Some Other Race12,2071.89%
American Indian and Alaska Native5,1750.80%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,9210.61%
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Portland Population by Race

Portland Population Pyramid $2021

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Portland Median Age

37.1


Total

37


Male

37.1


Female

Portland Adults

There are 530,276 adults, (82,500 of whom are seniors) in Portland.

Portland Age Dependency

44.1

Age Dependency Ratio

18.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Portland Sex Ratio

Female

325,422

50.43%

Male

319,869

49.57%

Portland Population by Age

Portland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Portland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.3%23.7%
All53.4%46.6%
Male53.1%46.9%
Female46.1%53.9%
Non Family36.7%63.3%

53.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Portland Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All268,7182.3453.4
Non Family131,0851.4836.7
Married103,3423.176.3
Female24,7303.3246.1
Male9,5613.3153.1

3.02

Average Family Size

2.34

Average Household Size

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Portland Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade16,1103.36%
9th to 12th Grade20,1274.20%
High School Graduate72,48015.13%
Some College97,00320.25%
Associates Degree31,6546.61%
Bachelors Degree144,12930.09%
Graduate Degree97,48820.35%
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Portland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Portland Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White358,932345,423200,999
Asian38,39429,51815,805
Hispanic37,02828,18911,489
Black24,70621,2165,904
2+ Races17,46516,4587,772
Other Race7,4015,5741,951
Native American3,4762,848684
Islander2,3461,989314

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.24%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 56.00%.

Portland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,408$47,431$40,085
Less Than 9th Grade$25,234$27,574$21,464
High School Graduate$30,452$31,962$26,205
Some College$33,709$37,888$30,105
Bachelors Degree$51,441$60,367$44,457
Graduate Degree$70,658$82,724$63,305

$43,408

Average Earnings

$47,431

Average Male

$40,085

Average Female

Portland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Portland Language by Age

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Portland Language

81.11% of Portland residents speak only English, while 18.89% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.75% of the population.

Portland Language

Portland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White446,78348,08310.76%
Hispanic61,13112,72420.81%
Black36,71210,67629.08%
Asian51,8729,40018.12%
Multiple33,5655,13615.30%
Other11,8282,49521.09%
Native4,92994419.15%
Islander3,84586322.44%

13.72%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.07%

Male Poverty Rate

14.36%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Portland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Portland is Black, with 29.08% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Portland is White, with 10.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.45%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.76%.

Portland Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade29.86%
High School18.46%
Some College14.37%
Bachelors or Greater5.69%

Portland Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed38.51%
Male Unemployed36.63%
Female Employed8.16%
Male Employed6.22%

Portland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Portland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$71,005$95,998
Families$91,273$118,766
Married Families$109,990$137,896
Non Families$50,461$68,648
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Income by Household Type

Portland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.4%

Male Marriage Rate

40.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Portland Married by Age and Sex

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Portland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Portland Marital Status by Race

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Portland Marital Status

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28,661

Number of Veterans

26,363

Male Veterans

2,298

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam10,413
First Gulf War5,576
Second Gulf War5,143
Korea2,010
World War II1,303

Portland Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 747,562
35 to 547,123
75+6,329
55 to 645,053
18 to 342,594

Portland Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White24,3265.80%
Black1,7586.24%
Hispanic1,3633.04%
2+ Races1,2365.77%
Asian8391.88%
Other Race2232.42%
Native American2055.18%
Islander742.53%

Portland Veterans by Race

Portland Veterans by Education

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9.07%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.71%

Veteran Disability Rate

Portland Veterans by Education

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70.3%

Labor Force Participation

66.9%

Employment Rate

4.8%

Unemployment Rate

Portland Employment by Age

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Portland Employment by Race

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Portland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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38.25%

Born in Portland

86.51%

Native Born

13.49%

Foreign Born

6.62%

Non Citizen

6.87%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.51% of Portland residents were born in the United States, with 38.25% having been born in Oregon. 6.62% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Portland Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021662,5493,9040.59%
2020658,6453,9040.60%
2019654,7413,9040.60%
2018650,8372,9130.45%
2017647,9245,2040.81%
2016642,72011,3541.80%
2015631,36610,8561.75%
2014620,51010,6201.74%
2013609,8905,6260.93%
2012604,2648,8131.48%
2011595,45110,0221.71%
2010585,42956,3081.02%
2000529,12191,8021.92%
1990437,31969,1711.74%
1980368,148-11,819-0.32%
1970379,9677,2910.19%
1960372,676-952-0.03%
1950373,62868,2342.04%
1940305,3943,5790.12%
1930301,81543,5271.57%
1920258,28851,0742.23%
1910207,214116,7888.65%
190090,42644,0416.90%
189046,38528,80810.19%
188017,5779,2847.80%
18708,2935,41911.18%
18602,8740.00%

Portland Population by Year