Ahmedabad is the largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat. It was formerly the capital of Gujarat and is still the judicial capital since the Gujarat High Court is located there. The estimated population of Ahmedabad in 2016 is over 7 million people in the city and approximately 8 million in the urban agglomeration.
This makes Ahmedabad the fifth largest city in India and the seventh largest metropolitan area. Forbes magazine ranked Ahmedabad as the third fastest growing city of the decade.
Metro Population and Population Density
As of 2016, there is an estimated population of over 7 million people living in Ahmedabad, and over 8 million people living in the metropolitan area. Approximately 31,000 rural families are living in Ahmedabad with about 1,700 of them living below the poverty line. In addition to the rural families, around 250,000 people are living in slums. The population density is approximately 9,900 people per square kilometer or around 26,000 per square mile with 464 square kilometers (or 179.2 square miles) available in the city area. There are about 2,500 registered non-resident Indians living in the city as well.
Ahmedabad has an overall sex ratio within the population of 897 women to every 1000 men.
The overall literacy rate is 88.29% with 92.30% of men being literate and 83.85% of women being literate.
There is also a large population of traders, known as Vanias, who belong to various sects of the Jainism religion and the Vaishnava sect of Hinduism. In addition to Hindus and people practicing Jainism, over 300,000 Muslims are living in Ahmedabad. There is a small percentage of the population (0.72%) who are Christian. There is only one synagogue and around 125 Jewish people living in the city. Thanks to the population of practicing Jains and Hindus, there is widespread vegetarianism in the city’s restaurants and hotels.
The majorities of Ahmedabad’s residents are native Gujaratis and speak the Gujarati language. In addition to Gujarati, the other two major languages spoken in Ahmedabad are Hindi and English. There are also Malayalis, Tamils, Marathis, Sindhis, and Punjabis who bring their culture and languages to the city.
Of the 35 Indian cities with more than 1 million people, Ahmedabad has the lowest crime rate. A little less half of all of the real estate in the city is owned by community organizations, also known as cooperatives.
Ahmedabad Population Growth
The area where Ahmedabad is located has been populated since the 11th century. Sultan Ahmed Shah named the city Ahmedabad after himself in 1411 A.D. when he took control of the city. The census done in 1871 showed a population of 116,900. By 1911 there were over a quarter of a million people and over a half million by the 1941 count. The city passed the 1 million resident mark by the 1961 census with over 1.1 million residents. The city grew by about one and a half million people by the last census in 2011. A nearby military base and government institutions bring people from all over India to Ahmedabad and fuel city growth. By 2021, there could be nearly 9 million people residing in Ahmedabad.