Amsterdam Population 2021

1,157,519
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Amsterdam's 2021 population is now estimated at 1,157,519. In 1950, the population of Amsterdam was 850,777. Amsterdam has grown by 8,547 since 2015, which represents a 0.74% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Amsterdam, which typically includes Amsterdam's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Amsterdam is located in the North Holland province in the western area of the country, and it comprises a great deal of Randstad, one of the largest conurbations in Europe with a population of more than 7 million. In 2016, Amsterdam had an estimated population of 813,562 within the city limits.

Population and Density of Amsterdam

While Amsterdam has a 2016 population of 813,562 in the city limits, the urban area has a population estimated at 1.1 million and a greater metropolitan area with a population close to 1.6 million. The city has a population density of 4,908 people per square kilometer (12,710/sq mi).

Tourist Interests

Amsterdam is known for its live-and-let-live attitude and acceptance, as well as its rich history. Its cannabis coffee shops, red-light district and historical sites like the Van Gogh Museum and Anne Frank House draw in over 5 million visitors each year.

Amsterdam Demographics

The racial and ethnic makeup of Amsterdam as of 2012 was 49.5% Dutch and 50.5% foreign ancestry. Non-Dutch immigrants in the 16th and 17th century were primarily Sephardi Jews, Huguenots, Flemings, and Westphalians. Huguenots came to Amsterdam after the 1685 Edict of Fontainebleau, which rescinded the right of the Huguenots to practice their religion without persecution in France. Flemish Protestants immigrated to the area during the Eighty Years' War. Westphalians migrated to the area in the 18th and 19th century for better economic conditions.

Amsterdam experienced its first mass immigration in the 20th century as Indonesians moved to the area following the independence of the Dutch East Indies. By the 1960s, guest workers emigrated from Italy, Spain, Morocco, and Turkey. In the 1970s, a large number of Surinamese moved to the city after Suriname gained independence. There have also been waves of illegal immigrants and asylum seekers from Asia, Europe, America, and Africa.

Individuals of non-Western origin account for 35% of Amsterdam's population and over half of all children in the city. Non-Westerners are concentrated in certain neighborhoods, such as Nieuw-West, Bijlmer, Zeeburg, and Amsterdam-Noord.

Amsterdam had a 10% population of Jewish people before World War II, but only 20% survived the Holocaust.

Amsterdam has 176 different nationalities, which makes it one of the most diverse cities in the world in terms of citizenship.

Amsterdam History

The name Amsterdam has been used in the region since at least 1275. The city's founding is relatively recent compared to older Dutch cities like Rotterdam. It was granted city rights in 1300 or 1306, and it flourished quickly due to trading. An alleged Eucharistic miracle made the city a place of pilgrimage in 1345 until the Protestant faith was adopted.

In the 16th century, the Dutch rebelled against Spain, an uprising due in part to new taxes and religious persecution of Protestants during the Spanish Inquisition. This revolt eventually became the Eighty Years' War which led to Dutch independence. The new Dutch Republic became known for religious tolerance. Soon, Huguenots from France, Jews from the Iberian Peninsula and Flanders painters came to the area, as well as religious refugees from Spanish-controlled regions of the Low Countries.

The 17th century was the Golden Age of Amsterdam. It was during this time that it became the wealthiest city in the world and the center of a worldwide trading network. Prosperity eventually declined in the 18th century as wars with France and England took a toll. During the Napoleonic Wars, the city reached its lowest point as Holland was absorbed into the French Empire. The establishment of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815 was a turning point for the city and led to a second Golden Age at the end of the 19th century.

Amsterdam began to expand before World War I. While it remained neutral in the war, food and heating fuel became scarce, and there were riots and looting. Germany invaded the Netherlands in 1940 and took control. Many Amsterdam citizens protected Jews, and were thus sent to concentration camps along with them. Over 100,000 Dutch Jews were deported to concentration camps, of which 60,000 were from Amsterdam. The most famous was Anne Frank, who died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

Amsterdam Population Growth

Amsterdam has shown the fastest population growth rate among major Dutch cities, which in turn have grown three times faster than the 1% average of the Netherlands as a whole since 2009. Amsterdam increased by 25,000 people between 2009 and 2011, compared to an increase of less than 1,000 per year in the previous decade. Accelerated growth in Amsterdam is due to foreign and domestic inflow into the area.

Amsterdam Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20351,236,9290.22%2,721
20341,234,2080.26%3,158
20331,231,0500.29%3,600
20321,227,4500.33%4,039
20311,223,4110.37%4,493
20301,218,9180.41%4,962
20291,213,9560.45%5,446
20281,208,5100.49%5,938
20271,202,5720.54%6,439
20261,196,1330.58%6,928
20251,189,2050.63%7,388
20241,181,8170.66%7,792
20231,174,0250.70%8,127
20221,165,8980.72%8,379
20211,157,5190.74%8,547
20201,148,9720.76%8,633
20191,140,3390.76%8,649
20181,131,6900.77%8,610
20171,123,0800.77%8,544
20161,114,5360.77%8,480
20151,106,0560.77%8,415
20141,097,6410.77%8,351
20131,089,2900.77%8,275
20121,081,0150.77%8,236
20111,072,7790.77%8,162
20101,064,6170.77%8,099
20091,056,5180.77%8,027
20081,048,4910.77%7,989
20071,040,5020.77%7,915
20061,032,5870.77%7,856
20051,024,7310.56%5,696
20041,019,0350.36%3,622
20031,015,4130.36%3,605
20021,011,8080.36%3,591
20011,008,2170.36%3,574
20001,004,6430.35%3,470
19991,001,1730.34%3,355
1998997,8180.34%3,343
1997994,4750.34%3,327
1996991,1480.34%3,325
1995987,8230.76%7,445
1994980,3781.18%11,407
1993968,9711.18%11,260
1992957,7111.18%11,159
1991946,5521.18%11,014
1990935,5380.87%8,038
1989927,5000.56%5,177
1988922,3230.56%5,163
1987917,1600.56%5,126
1986912,0340.56%5,098
1985906,936-0.16%-1,453
1984908,389-0.87%-7,960
1983916,349-0.87%-8,018
1982924,367-0.87%-8,088
1981932,455-0.87%-8,148
1980940,603-0.82%-7,805
1979948,408-0.78%-7,426
1978955,834-0.78%-7,484
1977963,318-0.78%-7,532
1976970,850-0.78%-7,611
1975978,4610.26%2,503
1974975,9581.28%12,369
1973963,5891.28%12,195
1972951,3941.29%12,074
1971939,3201.28%11,905
1970927,4150.39%3,574
1969923,841-0.49%-4,519
1968928,360-0.49%-4,554
1967932,914-0.49%-4,569
1966937,483-0.49%-4,592
1965942,0750.35%3,331
1964938,7441.20%11,088
1963927,6561.19%10,943
1962916,7131.19%10,813
1961905,9001.19%10,671
1960895,2290.83%7,390
1959887,8390.47%4,197
1958883,6420.47%4,176
1957879,4660.47%4,151
1956875,3150.48%4,143
1955871,1720.47%4,118
1954867,0540.47%4,099
1953862,9550.47%4,073
1952858,8820.48%4,065
1951854,8170.47%4,040
1950850,7770.00%

Amsterdam Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Amsterdam1,157,5190.74%
Rotterdam1,012,0070.20%
The Hague703,5880.86%
Utrecht551,8791.38%
Eindhoven361,9760.84%

Other Cities in Netherlands

  1. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) - Population, economic data and statistics
  2. Organisation of Economic Coooperation and Development (OECD) - Statistical profile and selected indicators for Netherlands
  3. Municipality of Amsterdam - City of Amsterdam research and statistics
  4. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources