Copenhagen Population 2021

1,358,608
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Copenhagen's 2021 population is now estimated at 1,358,608. In 1950, the population of Copenhagen was 1,215,902. Copenhagen has grown by 12,123 since 2015, which represents a 0.90% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Copenhagen, which typically includes Copenhagen's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Copenhagen is the largest city and capital of Denmark. The city's history dates back to at least the 11th century, and it's known for its many museums, gardens, the Little Mermaid Statue, and the University of Copenhagen, one of Europe's best universities. Located on the eastern coast of Zealand to the east of Odense, Copenhagen has an urban population estimated at 1.26 million in 2015.

When the larger metropolitan area is considered, Copenhagen has a population of 1.99 million. The city proper has just 583,000 residents with a population density of 6,800 people per square kilometer (18,000/square mile). This is close to 10% of the country's total population. This population density is about 45x denser than Denmark on average.

The precise population of Copenhagen is hard to define as Statistics Denmark does not specify the geographical area it uses to describe "urban Copenhagen." Still, it typically consists of Copenhagen Municipality, Frederiksberg, and 16 of 20 municipalities in the old Roskilde and Copenhagen counties. Since the Øresund Bridge was completed in 2000, commuting to and from Copenhagen and Scania, Sweden has grown tremendously. This has led to a much larger integrated area called the Øresund Region. The Region has 3.8 million people, 2.5 million of whom are in Denmark.

City Size and Population Density

The city proper claims an area of 178.46 square kilometers, while the urban area covers 606.5 square kilometers, and the metro area expands over 1,767.52 square kilometers. The population density for the city proper is quite high, with approximately 4,400 residents living per square kilometer. However, this thins out a bit as the entire metro region is considered, bringing the number to 1,200 per square kilometer.

Copenhagen Demographics

Just over 73% of the people of Copenhagen are of Danish origin. There are also 41,000 immigrants and 4,600 people descended from Western nations (8%), and 56,000 immigrants and 27,000 descendants of non-Western nations (15%). Following Denmark, the most common country of birth is Pakistan, followed by Turkey, Iraq, Poland, Germany, Morocco, Sweden, Somalia, Norway, Lebanon, Iran, the U.K., Yugoslavia, the U.S., China, Italy, and India.

Most Københavners belong to the Lutheran Church of Denmark with almost 62% confirming membership by paying church taxes. This is lower than the Danish national average of 79%. The second-largest Christian community in Copenhagen is Roman Catholic. There are believed to be about 150,000 Muslims in the city, most of whom live in Nørrebro and the Vestegnen. Most of the 7,000 Jews in the country live in the city.

Copenhagen consistently ranks very high in terms of quality of life. While it is one of the most expensive cities on earth, it's also considered one of the most livable with eco-friendly policies, open spaces, city planning that favors pedestrians and cyclists over drivers, and an emphasis on culture and community.

Copenhagen Population Growth

Copenhagen's population is expected to continue its gradual growth, increasing from 583,000 in the city proper in 2015 to 715,000 in 2030 and 755,000 in 2040.

Copenhagen Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20351,476,9880.45%6,602
20341,470,3860.46%6,789
20331,463,5970.48%6,992
20321,456,6050.50%7,196
20311,449,4090.52%7,434
20301,441,9750.53%7,672
20291,434,3030.55%7,913
20281,426,3900.58%8,184
20271,418,2060.60%8,521
20261,409,6850.64%8,949
20251,400,7360.69%9,531
20241,391,2050.74%10,200
20231,381,0050.79%10,874
20221,370,1310.85%11,523
20211,358,6080.90%12,123
20201,346,4850.94%12,597
20191,333,8880.99%13,062
20181,320,8261.29%16,852
20171,303,9741.29%16,637
20161,287,3371.30%16,470
20151,270,8671.29%16,237
20141,254,6301.29%16,029
20131,238,6011.30%15,869
20121,222,7321.31%15,773
20111,206,9591.22%14,602
20101,192,3571.15%13,506
20091,178,8511.14%13,335
20081,165,5161.15%13,221
20071,152,2951.13%12,820
20061,139,4751.10%12,451
20051,127,0241.10%12,298
20041,114,7261.11%12,197
20031,102,5291.10%12,048
20021,090,4810.78%8,422
20011,082,0590.46%4,928
20001,077,1310.46%4,920
19991,072,2110.46%4,890
19981,067,3210.47%4,990
19971,062,3310.64%6,706
19961,055,6250.69%7,274
19951,048,3510.60%6,229
19941,042,1220.39%4,096
19931,038,0260.19%2,018
19921,036,0080.09%909
19911,035,099-0.02%-191
19901,035,290-0.12%-1,210
19891,036,500-0.35%-3,626
19881,040,126-0.48%-5,054
19871,045,180-0.48%-5,072
19861,050,252-0.59%-6,235
19851,056,487-0.69%-7,389
19841,063,876-0.70%-7,462
19831,071,338-0.70%-7,503
19821,078,841-0.70%-7,556
19811,086,397-0.89%-9,736
19801,096,133-1.08%-11,987
19791,108,120-1.08%-12,101
19781,120,221-1.08%-12,233
19771,132,454-1.08%-12,350
19761,144,804-2.29%-26,862
19751,171,666-3.47%-42,092
19741,213,758-3.47%-43,604
19731,257,362-3.46%-45,106
19721,302,468-3.47%-46,857
19711,349,325-2.22%-30,697
19701,380,0220.04%509
19691,379,5130.04%507
19681,379,0060.04%508
19671,378,4980.04%508
19661,377,9900.36%4,922
19651,373,0681.38%18,635
19641,354,4331.38%18,433
19631,336,0001.38%18,156
19621,317,8441.38%17,910
19611,299,9341.21%15,527
19601,284,4070.97%12,296
19591,272,1110.97%12,161
19581,259,9500.97%12,045
19571,247,9050.96%11,914
19561,235,9910.77%9,406
19551,226,5850.18%2,144
19541,224,4410.18%2,140
19531,222,3010.17%2,134
19521,220,1670.18%2,136
19511,218,0310.18%2,129
19501,215,9020.00%

Copenhagen Population Data (Urban Area)

Other Cities in Denmark

  1. Danish National Archives - Denmark records and registries
  2. Statistics Denmark - Population information and statistics
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources