Helsinki Population 2020

1,304,851
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Helsinki's 2020 population is now estimated at 1,304,851. In 1950, the population of Helsinki was 365,629. Helsinki has grown by 12,619 since 2015, which represents a 0.98% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Helsinki, which typically includes Helsinki's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Helsinki is Finland's largest and capital city. It is located in the Uusimaa region, which is in the south of the country. With a population of 629,512 in 2017, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of above 1.4 million, the city is the most populous municipality in Finland.

City Size and Population Density

This gorgeous city covers an impressive total surface area of 715.48 square kilometers (276.25 square miles.) This area, combined with the total estimated population brings Helsinki to a population density of 3,034.62 individuals living per square kilometer (7,859.6 per square mile) – by far the highest nationally.

Demographics

Demographically speaking, Helsinki has a higher proportion of females (53.4%) than anywhere else in the country. Life expectancy for both men and women is below the national average, although only slightly. On average, men live 75.1 years (compared to 75.7 years) and women to 81.7 years (compared to 82.5 years).

The official languages of Helsinki are Finnish and Swedish, with the majority of the population (81.9%) speaking Finnish as their mother tongue. 5.9% of those living in the city speak Swedish, and 12.2% speak a native language that's neither Finnish or Swedish. Today, Helsinki slang mainly combines influences from Finnish and English, but it traditionally had strong Russian and Swedish influences. It wasn't until 1890 that Finnish speakers overtook Swedish speakers as the majority of the city's population.

Helsinki has the highest number of immigrants in Finland, with as many as 140 nationalities represented in the city. The largest group (as of 2013) is from Sweden, followed by Russia, Estonia, China, Somalia, Kurdistan, Germany, Spain, Vietnam, France, and Turkey. Helsinki was already home to many different nationalities as far back as the 19th century, with many people from Sweden, Finland, Russia, and Germany. Today, foreign citizens account for 8% of the population.

Population Growth

Helsinki has proliferated since the 1810s, which was when it replaced Turku as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland. This later became the sovereign Republic of Finland. Growth continued throughout the years, slowing only during the period of the Finnish Civil War. After World War II, people began to leave the countryside and flock to Finland's cities, including Helsinki. The city's population jumped from 275,000 to 525,600 between 1944 and 1969. A resultant lack of housing meant that people began to leave the city in the 1960s, moving to nearby Espoo and Vantaa, where population growth has since rocketed. The increasing lack of housing together with high living costs in the Helsinki Capital Region means that many daily commuters have been forced to find lodging in once very rural areas, and even further afield to cities such as Lohja, Hämeenlinna, and Lahti.

Helsinki Population 2020

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20351,410,0930.32%4,506
20341,405,5870.33%4,636
20331,400,9510.34%4,790
20321,396,1610.36%4,959
20311,391,2020.37%5,166
20301,386,0360.39%5,419
20291,380,6170.42%5,723
20281,374,8940.45%6,116
20271,368,7780.49%6,620
20261,362,1580.54%7,266
20251,354,8920.60%8,082
20241,346,8100.67%9,024
20231,337,7860.75%10,024
20221,327,7620.84%11,005
20211,316,7570.91%11,906
20201,304,8510.98%12,619
20191,292,2321.03%13,136
20181,279,0961.53%19,221
20171,259,8751.53%18,933
20161,240,9421.53%18,648
20151,222,2941.52%18,343
20141,203,9511.52%18,068
20131,185,8831.65%19,278
20121,166,6051.79%20,496
20111,146,1091.79%20,108
20101,126,0011.42%15,735
20091,110,2661.11%12,163
20081,098,1031.05%11,436
20071,086,6670.94%10,078
20061,076,5890.89%9,516
20051,067,0730.85%8,959
20041,058,1140.85%8,908
20031,049,2060.85%8,821
20021,040,3850.85%8,747
20011,031,6381.22%12,432
20001,019,2061.60%16,028
19991,003,1781.60%15,754
1998987,4241.60%15,507
1997971,9171.59%15,243
1996956,6741.46%13,764
1995942,9101.32%12,290
1994930,6201.32%12,129
1993918,4911.32%11,955
1992906,5361.32%11,831
1991894,7052.69%23,431
1990871,2744.07%34,064
1989837,2104.06%32,688
1988804,5224.07%31,497
1987773,0254.07%30,223
1986742,8022.68%19,397
1985723,4051.32%9,410
1984713,9951.32%9,313
1983704,6821.32%9,179
1982695,5031.32%9,059
1981686,4441.87%12,594
1980673,8502.97%19,453
1979654,3972.97%18,866
1978635,5312.97%18,322
1977617,2092.96%17,770
1976599,4392.97%17,305
1975582,1342.97%16,783
1974565,3512.97%16,299
1973549,0522.96%15,807
1972533,2452.97%15,394
1971517,8512.08%10,553
1970507,2981.20%6,036
1969501,2621.20%5,956
1968495,3061.21%5,902
1967489,4041.20%5,823
1966483,5811.20%5,754
1965477,8271.20%5,678
1964472,1491.21%5,625
1963466,5241.20%5,551
1962460,9731.20%5,485
1961455,4881.63%7,296
1960448,1922.06%9,044
1959439,1482.06%8,850
1958430,2982.06%8,671
1957421,6272.05%8,485
1956413,1422.06%8,337
1955404,8052.06%8,157
1954396,6482.06%7,993
1953388,6552.05%7,822
1952380,8332.06%7,684
1951373,1492.06%7,520
1950365,6290.00%

Helsinki Population Data (Urban Area)

Other Cities in Finland

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources