Helsinki Population 2022

1,327,762
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Helsinki is Finland's largest and capital city. It is located in the Uusimaa region, which is in the south of the country. With a population of 629,512 in 2017, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of above 1.4 million, the city is the most populous municipality in Finland.

City Size and Population Density

This gorgeous city covers an impressive total surface area of 715.48 square kilometers (276.25 square miles.) This area, combined with the total estimated population brings Helsinki to a population density of 3,034.62 individuals living per square kilometer (7,859.6 per square mile) – by far the highest nationally.

Demographics

Demographically speaking, Helsinki has a higher proportion of females (53.4%) than anywhere else in the country. Life expectancy for both men and women is below the national average, although only slightly. On average, men live 75.1 years (compared to 75.7 years) and women to 81.7 years (compared to 82.5 years).

The official languages of Helsinki are Finnish and Swedish, with the majority of the population (81.9%) speaking Finnish as their mother tongue. 5.9% of those living in the city speak Swedish, and 12.2% speak a native language that's neither Finnish or Swedish. Today, Helsinki slang mainly combines influences from Finnish and English, but it traditionally had strong Russian and Swedish influences. It wasn't until 1890 that Finnish speakers overtook Swedish speakers as the majority of the city's population.

Helsinki has the highest number of immigrants in Finland, with as many as 140 nationalities represented in the city. The largest group (as of 2013) is from Sweden, followed by Russia, Estonia, China, Somalia, Kurdistan, Germany, Spain, Vietnam, France, and Turkey. Helsinki was already home to many different nationalities as far back as the 19th century, with many people from Sweden, Finland, Russia, and Germany. Today, foreign citizens account for 8% of the population.

Population Growth

Helsinki has proliferated since the 1810s, which was when it replaced Turku as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland. This later became the sovereign Republic of Finland. Growth continued throughout the years, slowing only during the period of the Finnish Civil War. After World War II, people began to leave the countryside and flock to Finland's cities, including Helsinki. The city's population jumped from 275,000 to 525,600 between 1944 and 1969. A resultant lack of housing meant that people began to leave the city in the 1960s, moving to nearby Espoo and Vantaa, where population growth has since rocketed. The increasing lack of housing together with high living costs in the Helsinki Capital Region means that many daily commuters have been forced to find lodging in once very rural areas, and even further afield to cities such as Lohja, Hämeenlinna, and Lahti.

Year Population
1950365,629
1951373,149
1952380,833
1953388,655
1954396,648
1955404,805
1956413,142
1957421,627
1958430,298
1959439,148
1960448,192
1961455,488
1962460,973
1963466,524
1964472,149
1965477,827
1966483,581
1967489,404
1968495,306
1969501,262
1970507,298
1971517,851
1972533,245
1973549,052
1974565,351
1975582,134
1976599,439
1977617,209
1978635,531
1979654,397
1980673,850
1981686,444
1982695,503
1983704,682
1984713,995
1985723,405
1986742,802
1987773,025
1988804,522
1989837,210
1990871,274
1991894,705
1992906,536
1993918,491
1994930,620
1995942,910
1996956,674
1997971,917
1998987,424
19991,003,178
20001,019,206
20011,031,638
20021,040,385
20031,049,206
20041,058,114
20051,067,073
20061,076,589
20071,086,667
20081,098,103
20091,110,266
20101,126,001
20111,146,109
20121,166,605
20131,185,883
20141,203,951
20151,222,294
20161,240,942
20171,259,875
20181,279,096
20191,292,232
20201,304,851
20211,316,757
20221,327,762
20231,337,786
20241,346,810
20251,354,892
20261,362,158
20271,368,778
20281,374,894
20291,380,617
20301,386,036
20311,391,202
20321,396,161
20331,400,951
20341,405,587
20351,410,093

Helsinki Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
1950365,6290.00%
1951373,1492.06%7,520
1952380,8332.06%7,684
1953388,6552.05%7,822
1954396,6482.06%7,993
1955404,8052.06%8,157
1956413,1422.06%8,337
1957421,6272.05%8,485
1958430,2982.06%8,671
1959439,1482.06%8,850
1960448,1922.06%9,044
1961455,4881.63%7,296
1962460,9731.20%5,485
1963466,5241.20%5,551
1964472,1491.21%5,625
1965477,8271.20%5,678
1966483,5811.20%5,754
1967489,4041.20%5,823
1968495,3061.21%5,902
1969501,2621.20%5,956
1970507,2981.20%6,036
1971517,8512.08%10,553
1972533,2452.97%15,394
1973549,0522.96%15,807
1974565,3512.97%16,299
1975582,1342.97%16,783
1976599,4392.97%17,305
1977617,2092.96%17,770
1978635,5312.97%18,322
1979654,3972.97%18,866
1980673,8502.97%19,453
1981686,4441.87%12,594
1982695,5031.32%9,059
1983704,6821.32%9,179
1984713,9951.32%9,313
1985723,4051.32%9,410
1986742,8022.68%19,397
1987773,0254.07%30,223
1988804,5224.07%31,497
1989837,2104.06%32,688
1990871,2744.07%34,064
1991894,7052.69%23,431
1992906,5361.32%11,831
1993918,4911.32%11,955
1994930,6201.32%12,129
1995942,9101.32%12,290
1996956,6741.46%13,764
1997971,9171.59%15,243
1998987,4241.60%15,507
19991,003,1781.60%15,754
20001,019,2061.60%16,028
20011,031,6381.22%12,432
20021,040,3850.85%8,747
20031,049,2060.85%8,821
20041,058,1140.85%8,908
20051,067,0730.85%8,959
20061,076,5890.89%9,516
20071,086,6670.94%10,078
20081,098,1031.05%11,436
20091,110,2661.11%12,163
20101,126,0011.42%15,735
20111,146,1091.79%20,108
20121,166,6051.79%20,496
20131,185,8831.65%19,278
20141,203,9511.52%18,068
20151,222,2941.52%18,343
20161,240,9421.53%18,648
20171,259,8751.53%18,933
20181,279,0961.53%19,221
20191,292,2321.03%13,136
20201,304,8510.98%12,619
20211,316,7570.91%11,906
20221,327,7620.84%11,005
20231,337,7860.75%10,024
20241,346,8100.67%9,024
20251,354,8920.60%8,082
20261,362,1580.54%7,266
20271,368,7780.49%6,620
20281,374,8940.45%6,116
20291,380,6170.42%5,723
20301,386,0360.39%5,419
20311,391,2020.37%5,166
20321,396,1610.36%4,959
20331,400,9510.34%4,790
20341,405,5870.33%4,636
20351,410,0930.32%4,506

Helsinki Population Data (Urban Area)

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