Hyderabad Population 2021

10,268,653
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Hyderabad's 2021 population is now estimated at 10,268,653. In 1950, the population of Hyderabad was 1,096,320. Hyderabad has grown by 264,509 since 2015, which represents a 2.64% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Hyderabad, which typically includes Hyderabad's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Hyderabad is the largest city and capital of the southern Indian state Telangana. Hyderabad is located on the banks of the Musi River around artificial lakes. In 2014, the estimated population of Hyderabad is 8.7 million in 2014, which makes it the 4th most populous city in India. The 2018 estimates based on prior growth percentages push this number to over 9 million residents within the city.

City Size and Population Density

The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) was created in 2007 to oversee the civic infrastructure of the 18 "circles" of the city. This increased the area of Hyderabad from 175 square kilometers to 650 square kilometers, and the population grew by 87%. The GHMC has a population of 10 million, which makes it the 6th most populous urban agglomeration in India. GHMC's population has grown from 7.7 million in 2011, showing substantial growth. Hyderabad has an estimated population of 8.7 million with a population density of 18,480 people per square kilometer (47,000/sq mi).

Hyderabad Demographics

Most Hyderabadi are Telugu and Urdu speaking people, although there are minority communities of Tamil, Marathi, Kannada, Marwari, Malayali, Oriya, Gujarati, Punjabi and Uttar Pradesh.

Among the foreigners in the city, Hadhrami Arabs represent the majority, with sizeable populations of African Arabs, Armenians, Abyssinians, Iranians, Pathans, and Turkish people. At the 2011 census, 24% of Hyderabadi were migrants from elsewhere in the country.

Hinduism is the most common religion practiced in the city (55.5%), followed by Muslims (41%), Christians (2.5%), Jains (0.5%), Sikhs (0.3%), Buddhists (0.02%) and other religions.

13% of the population of Hyderabad live below the poverty line. There are at least 1,476 slums in Hyderabad with a population of at least 1.7 million, 66% of whom live in the core of the city that made up Hyderabad before the expansion in 2007. The remaining people live in 491 tenements. Nearly one-quarter of the slum-dwellers in the city came from other parts of India in the 1990s, with at least 63% having lived in slums for at least a decade. Around 30% of the slums have basic service while others depend on general public services from the government.

Hyderabad History

The area of modern-day Hyderabad was first known as Golkonda and ruled by the Chalukya dynasty until 1075 CE. After the empire fell apart in the 11th century, it came under the rule of the Kakatiya dynasty, which was reduced to a vassal of the Khilji dynasty in the early 14th century. This lasted very briefly, and the Sultanate of Delhi took control in 1321 AD.

The modern history of the city started in 1518 when Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk declared independence from the Bahmani Sultanate. In 1589, Hyderabad was built on the Musi River. Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth sultan of the dynasty, dedicated the city to his wife, Bhagyamathi, and ordered the construction of a monument in the city that later became its icon (the Charminar in 1591). Through the 17th century, Hyderabad became powerful and known as a center for successful diamond trade.

In 1687, Golconda Fort, which protected the city, was destroyed by the Mughal prince Aurangzeb. Hyderabad then fell in importance, and its diamond trade was destroyed as the city eventually fell into ruins. Hyderabad came under the rule of the Nizams in the early 18th century, and it once more saw strong growth.

When the French and British took control of large parts of India, the Nizams allied with each side alternatively and won the friendship of the Western invaders without being forced to give up power. This allowed Hyderabad to be ruled by the Nizam and it became the largest princely state in the country with its currency, mint, postal system and more.

When India gained independence in 1947, the Nizams attempted to become independent but were defeated by the Indian army and Hyderabad became a state of India a year later.

Hyderabad is still known as the City of Pearls, as it was historically known as a diamond and pearl trading center. Many bazaars in the city have been open for centuries.

Hyderabad Population Growth

Hyderabad is one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in all of India, which has led to many issues in terms of employment, housing and essential services. There has been a steep increase in Hyderabad's slum population, which is attributed to ineffective urban planning and greater rural-to-urban migration. There has been a 264% increase in the slum population in and around the city in the last decade, with 30% of the city's people believed to live in a slum in 2014.

Hyderabad Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
203514,151,7242.10%291,418
203413,860,3062.14%289,919
203313,570,3872.17%287,987
203213,282,4002.20%285,514
203112,996,8862.23%282,961
203012,713,9252.25%280,276
202912,433,6492.28%277,624
202812,156,0252.31%274,961
202711,881,0642.35%272,626
202611,608,4382.39%270,586
202511,337,8522.43%268,975
202411,068,8772.48%267,714
202310,801,1632.53%266,745
202210,534,4182.59%265,765
202110,268,6532.64%264,509
202010,004,1442.70%262,747
20199,741,3972.74%259,774
20189,481,6232.92%269,048
20179,212,5752.92%261,414
20168,951,1612.92%253,995
20158,697,1662.92%246,789
20148,450,3772.92%239,785
20138,210,5922.92%232,982
20127,977,6102.92%226,370
20117,751,2402.92%219,947
20107,531,2932.92%213,707
20097,317,5862.92%207,360
20087,110,2262.92%202,033
20076,908,1932.92%196,025
20066,712,1682.92%190,463
20056,521,7052.92%184,808
20046,336,8972.92%180,058
20036,156,8392.92%174,705
20025,982,1342.92%169,748
20015,812,3862.87%162,310
20005,650,0762.86%157,030
19995,493,0462.85%152,459
19985,340,5872.85%148,227
19975,192,3602.85%143,918
19965,048,4422.86%140,309
19954,908,1332.85%136,225
19944,771,9082.85%132,443
19934,639,4652.85%128,593
19924,510,8722.86%125,369
19914,385,5034.60%192,925
19904,192,5785.49%218,185
19893,974,3935.48%206,552
19883,767,8415.50%196,344
19873,571,4975.49%185,864
19863,385,6335.49%176,190
19853,209,4435.48%166,798
19843,042,6455.50%158,554
19832,884,0915.49%150,090
19822,734,0015.49%142,279
19812,591,7224.21%104,682
19802,487,0403.58%86,064
19792,400,9763.58%82,974
19782,318,0023.58%80,106
19772,237,8963.57%77,233
19762,160,6633.58%74,770
19752,085,8933.58%72,085
19742,013,8083.58%69,593
19731,944,2153.57%67,098
19721,877,1173.58%64,958
19711,812,1593.65%63,764
19701,748,3953.67%61,886
19691,686,5093.66%59,614
19681,626,8953.67%57,662
19671,569,2333.67%55,544
19661,513,6893.67%53,578
19651,460,1113.66%51,612
19641,408,4993.67%49,922
19631,358,5773.67%48,087
19621,310,4903.67%46,386
19611,264,1041.90%23,590
19601,240,5141.03%12,636
19591,227,8781.03%12,491
19581,215,3871.03%12,363
19571,203,0241.03%12,221
19561,190,8031.03%12,130
19551,178,6731.03%11,989
19541,166,6841.03%11,868
19531,154,8161.03%11,731
19521,143,0851.03%11,644
19511,131,4413.20%35,121
19501,096,3200.00%

Hyderabad Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Delhi31,181,3762.94%
Mumbai20,667,6561.26%
Kolkata14,974,0730.84%
Bangalore12,764,9353.56%
Chennai11,235,0182.41%
Hyderabad10,268,6532.64%
Ahmedabad8,253,2262.40%
Surat7,489,7424.25%
Pune6,807,9842.69%
Jaipur4,007,5052.51%
Lucknow3,764,6192.40%
Kozhikode3,742,1985.25%
Malappuram3,608,9286.42%
Thrissur3,212,6044.71%
Kochi3,193,0293.60%
Kanpur3,153,4250.94%
Indore3,113,4453.21%
Nagpur2,940,4871.63%
Coimbatore2,860,4452.65%
Thiruvananthapuram2,690,7034.10%

Urban Areas in India

  1. India Census 2011 - Hyderabad (Greater Hyderabad) City Census 2011 data
  2. Government of Telangana - Statistical Year Book 2015
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources