Surat Population 2021

7,489,742
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Surat's 2021 population is now estimated at 7,489,742. In 1950, the population of Surat was 233,565. Surat has grown by 305,152 since 2015, which represents a 4.25% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Surat, which typically includes Surat's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Surat is a city that is located in India. More specifically, it is located in the Gujarat state. This city is one of the fastest growing in the world and is the eighth largest city in the country. According to census data, the population of Surat is 4,467,797.

City Size and Population Density

The city covers a surface area of approximately 326 square kilometers (126 square miles). The population density in Surat comes to about 14,000 people living per square kilometer (35,000 residents per square mile).

Surat Demographics

The majority of people in Surat associate themselves with Hinduism, with 87% of the total population claiming to follow this religion. Minor religions including Islam, Jainism and Christianity.

The official language of the city is Gujarat. However, multiple other languages are spoken throughout Surat, including Hindi, Sindhi, Marathi, Tamil and Odia.

The literacy rate of Surat is higher than the national average at 89%. Male literacy has been recorded at 93%, while it is 84% for females. There are more men than women in the city. There is also a high rate of young people, with 13% of the total population being under the age of 6.

Surat History

Surat’s original name was Surajpur. The city’s history includes the ravaging that occurred by the Portugese Empire during the 1500s. More importantly, though, was the city’s role as one of the most important seaports in India and the world.

It was during the 1500s that the city was also renamed Surat. Growth for the city continued as it maintained its role as an important seaport. In the 1600s, the establishment of an Indian trading factory also contributed to continued growth.

Throughout the years, Surat has been a standout in many industries, including the production of textiles. It is known as the Silk City of India for its production of silk and other textiles. Diamond polishing is also a very important industry which began in the early 1900s. Today, these industries still remain very important, as well as newer industries including information technology.

Surat Population Growth

Surat has seen significant growth since the 1800s. A population of 107,100 was recorded in 1871 and continued to climb through the 1920s. However, between 1921 and 1931, the population declined by over 15%. However, the 1940s saw a period of significant growth, with the population climbing to over 170,000 people. Continued growth has been observed each decade since, surpassing the 1.5 million milestone in 1991. At the time of the next census, the population was almost 3 million. Today, the population has jumped to over 4.5 million.

Surat has earned a reputation as one of the best cities in India, including being named the 3rd cleanest city in India. It was chosen as the first smart IT city and has also recently received the IBM Smarter Cities Challenge Grant. It will be developed as a smart city under the country’s Smart Cities Mission. Because of its history of population growth and the plans to become smarter and more modern, it’s expected that the city will hit its next major population milestone in the near future.

Surat Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
203510,813,4422.10%222,719
203410,590,7232.14%221,665
203310,369,0582.17%220,422
203210,148,6362.21%219,060
20319,929,5762.25%218,202
20309,711,3742.30%218,200
20299,493,1742.37%219,699
20289,273,4752.47%223,239
20279,050,2362.60%229,575
20268,820,6612.78%238,928
20258,581,7333.02%251,205
20248,330,5283.29%265,579
20238,064,9493.61%280,673
20227,784,2763.93%294,534
20217,489,7424.25%305,152
20207,184,5904.52%310,834
20196,873,7564.73%310,171
20186,563,5854.99%312,165
20176,251,4204.99%297,318
20165,954,1024.99%283,178
20155,670,9244.99%269,710
20145,401,2144.99%256,883
20135,144,3314.99%244,665
20124,899,6664.99%233,029
20114,666,6374.99%221,946
20104,444,6914.99%211,389
20094,233,3024.99%201,066
20084,032,2365.00%192,031
20073,840,2054.99%182,640
20063,657,5654.99%173,954
20053,483,6114.99%165,458
20043,318,1535.00%158,024
20033,160,1294.99%150,296
20023,009,8334.99%143,148
20012,866,6855.93%160,442
20002,706,2436.42%163,355
19992,542,8886.41%153,291
19982,389,5976.41%144,049
19972,245,5486.41%135,186
19962,110,3626.42%127,386
19951,982,9766.41%119,538
19941,863,4386.41%112,332
19931,751,1066.41%105,419
19921,645,6876.42%99,338
19911,546,3495.47%80,162
19901,466,1875.00%69,752
19891,396,4354.99%66,344
19881,330,0915.00%63,361
19871,266,7304.99%60,263
19861,206,4674.99%57,396
19851,149,0714.99%54,591
19841,094,4805.00%52,138
19831,042,3424.99%49,588
1982992,7544.99%47,228
1981945,5266.06%54,027
1980891,4996.62%55,374
1979836,1256.61%51,865
1978784,2606.61%48,648
1977735,6126.60%45,569
1976690,0436.62%42,861
1975647,1826.61%40,145
1974607,0376.61%37,655
1973569,3826.60%35,272
1972534,1106.62%33,175
1971500,9354.99%23,818
1970477,1174.46%20,368
1969456,7494.45%19,472
1968437,2774.47%18,692
1967418,5854.46%17,869
1966400,7164.46%17,106
1965383,6104.45%16,354
1964367,2564.47%15,698
1963351,5584.46%15,008
1962336,5504.46%14,367
1961322,1833.45%10,740
1960311,4432.96%8,939
1959302,5042.95%8,671
1958293,8332.95%8,422
1957285,4112.95%8,169
1956277,2422.96%7,958
1955269,2842.95%7,719
1954261,5652.95%7,496
1953254,0692.95%7,273
1952246,7962.95%7,083
1951239,7132.63%6,148
1950233,5650.00%

Surat Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Delhi31,181,3762.94%
Mumbai20,667,6561.26%
Kolkata14,974,0730.84%
Bangalore12,764,9353.56%
Chennai11,235,0182.41%
Hyderabad10,268,6532.64%
Ahmedabad8,253,2262.40%
Surat7,489,7424.25%
Pune6,807,9842.69%
Jaipur4,007,5052.51%
Lucknow3,764,6192.40%
Kozhikode3,742,1985.25%
Malappuram3,608,9286.42%
Thrissur3,212,6044.71%
Kochi3,193,0293.60%
Kanpur3,153,4250.94%
Indore3,113,4453.21%
Nagpur2,940,4871.63%
Coimbatore2,860,4452.65%
Thiruvananthapuram2,690,7034.10%

Other Cities in India

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources