According to current projections, Angola’s high population growth rate shows no signs of slowing down in the coming decades. Growing at a rate above 3.0% since 1975, Angola’s population has been growing rapidly. Its most recent population growth rate of 3.27% is adding over 1 million people to its population every year.
Angola’s current population is 32.87 million people. At its current growth rate, the population will surpass 50 million people by the end of 2034; 100 million people by the end of 2062, and 185.05 million people by 2099.
Angola has a very young population with a median age of 16.7 years. The fertility rate is 5.55 births per woman, one of the highest in the world, allowing for the country’s rapid population growth.
|Angola Population (as of 11/25/2023)||37,134,628|
|Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)||36,684,202|
|Births per Day||3,783|
|Deaths per Day||737|
|Migrations per Day||-3|
|Net Change per Day||3,043|
|Population Change Since Jan. 1||1,001,147|
Net increase of 1 person every 28 seconds
Population estimates based on interpolation of data from World Population Prospects
|One birth every 23 seconds|
|One death every 1.95 minutes|
|One emigrant every 480 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 28 seconds|
As one of the least densely populated countries in the world, Angola has a density of 14.8 people per square kilometer (38/square mile).
Luanda is the largest city in Angola, and is also its capital. The population of Luanda is about 8 million people- roughly one-quarter of the country's population live here. Luanda is also urbanizing at approximately 4% annually.
There are people over age 18 in Angola.
|2014||31 May 2014|
Formerly a colony of Portugal, Luanda has a rather diverse demographic in everything from food to religion. Although the inhabitants are from varying African tribe heritages, the most common language is Portuguese. In recent years, a significant Chinese populous has formed. There are about 259,000 temporary Chinese migrants in the country.
Angola completed a census in 2014, the first since 1970, and it gave the first accurate look at the country's demographics in more than 40 years. According to the census, the country's ethnic groups include: Ovimbundu (37%), Ambundu (25%), Bakongo (13%) and 32% other, including to Ovambo, Mbunda and Chokwe. About 2% of the population is mesticos, or mixed African and European, 1% is European and 1.4% is Chinese.
Angola previously had a large population of Congolese migrants, although over 400,000 have been expelled over the last decade. Before it gained independence, Angola had more than 350,000 Portuguese. It was recently discovered that about 200,000 Portuguese are still living in the country.
Religious affiliations in Angola tend toward that of Catholicism and of the protestant faith; some ascribe to the Pentecostal sect of Christianity. Islamic faith has a following of an estimated 500,000.
The oil industry dominates the Angolan economy, and despite efforts to regulate this there seem to be too many political and financial ties to truly make a change. Monopolies are common in many industries and it is very difficult for most any kind of small business to survive in Angola. Only around 10% of Angolans have bank accounts.
Angola has been run by a Marxist government from the 1950s until the 1990s and has resulted in a poor business environment and lingering communism-related issues. Things have stabilized somewhat post-Marxism, but Angola didn't write a new constitution and begin holding democratic elections until 2010.
Minefields from past conflicts scatter throughout the country, causing issues for all regime that is are constantly mining for Angola's mineral resources and drilling for oil. This has displaced many Angolans and put them in really bad economic conditions.
There was a drought in 2016 that caused 1.4 million to go hungry. Food prices and malnutrition remain prominent and cause serious food insecurity for many families and children.