Belgium Population 2024 (Live)

11,712,639

Unlike many other developed countries, Belgium is projected to continue growing throughout the rest of the 21st century. Belgium’s population is currently 11.59 million people, which is expected to grow to 12.48 million people by the end of 2099.

Belgium is growing at a low, steady pace of 0.44%, adding about 50,300 people to the population every year. This low population growth rate is good for a country that is already fairly densely populated. Belgium has a net migration of about 48,000 per year and a fertility rate of 1.71 births per woman.

Because of Belgium’s low fertility rate, the country is facing an aging population. The average age in Belgium is now 41.9 years and about 30% of the population is in or approaching retirement, foreshadowing very large pension obligations.

Belgium Population Growth

Belgium, although not one of the largest countries in Europe, still has showed significant growth in its population in the last few years. From 10,839,905 people in 2010 to around 11,095,000 in late 2012 and early 2013, it has shown a steady population increase per year. The most recent census in February 2015 found a population of 11.239 million.

Belgium Population Projections

The rate of growth in Belgium hasn't bee terribly high over the past century, steadily sitting around an annual growth rate of 0.50%, and this number is supposed to get smaller in the years to come. As of 2019, the growth rate in Belgium is 0.56%, which is expected to decrease to just 0.14% by 2050. With numbers this small, Belgium likely won't see an increase of over one million people in the next 30 years or so. Current projections say that the population will be 11,619,972 in 2020, 12,001,594 in 2030, 12,293,880 in 2040 and 12,488,233 in 2050.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
30,280
The current population of Belgium is 11,712,639 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 11,715,774.

Belgium Growth Rate

Belgium Population Clock

Belgium Population (as of 5/22/2024)11,712,639
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)11,715,774
Births per Day320
Deaths per Day305
Migrations per Day66
Net Change per Day80
Population Change Since Jan. 111,440

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4.5 minutes
One death every 4.72 minutes
One immigrant every 21.82 minutes
Net gain of one person every 18 minutes

Belgium Population Clock

Belgium Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Brussels1,019,022
Antwerpen459,805
Gent231,493
Charleroi200,132
Liege182,597
Brugge116,709
Namur106,284
Leuven92,892
Mons91,277
Deurne78,747

Belgium Area and Population Density

Belgium is a country found in north western Europe along The North Sea, between the Netherlands and France with a surface area of 11,849 square miles (30,688 square kilometers). Belgium moderately populated for its size. Using the 2019 population of 11.56 million people, the calculated population density of Belgium is 975.6 people per square mile (376.7 people per square kilometer).

Largest Cities in Belgium

Most of the Belgium population are congested in the larger cities such as the capital, Brussels, as well as other major cities such as Liege, Ghent, and Oostende. These cities are the centers of economic activity for the country and thus provide plenty of employment opportunities to many people. Brussels has a population of 1.175 million with 7,025 people per square kilometer.

Provincially, the majority of the population is located in the Dutch-speaking northern region of Flanders with around 57.3% of people living there. Flanders is followed by Wallonia with 32.3% and Brussels with 10.4% of the population located in that region.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,715,7740.35%3878234
202311,686,1400.41%3868234
202011,561,7170.44%3828133
201911,510,5680.54%3808132
201811,448,5950.56%3788132
201711,384,4890.6%3768033
201511,248,3030.67%3717932
201010,877,9470.68%3597829
200510,516,9780.49%3477630
200010,264,3430.33%3397428
199510,095,1980.27%3337427
19909,959,5600.16%3297127
19859,880,5340.1%3266724
19809,828,9860.13%3255922
19759,763,4300.28%3225721
19709,629,3760.46%3185618
19659,412,0870.66%3115216
19609,108,7240.61%3014715
19558,834,5260.5%2924312

Belgium Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,715,7740.35%3878234
202511,744,5210.31%3888234
203011,873,4600.22%3928535
203511,978,6130.18%3968835
204012,056,7390.13%3988936
204512,097,7190.07%4009138
205012,090,657-0.01%3999140
205512,044,981-0.08%3989342
206011,982,621-0.1%3969542
206511,923,188-0.1%3949542
207011,874,625-0.08%3929639
207511,827,278-0.08%3919640
208011,771,441-0.1%3899840
208511,704,191-0.11%3879840
209011,635,172-0.12%3849939
209511,575,677-0.1%3829940

Belgium Population by Year (Projections)

Belgium Population Pyramid 2024

Belgium Median Age

41.6

Total

40.4

Male

42.8

Female

Belgium Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Belgium.

Census Years

Year
Date
20211 January 2021
20111 January 2011
20011 October 2001
19911 March 1991

Belgium Population Pyramid

Belgium is located in Western Europe where it borders France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Belgium is home to the European Union headquarters as well as NATO. The February 2015 census in Belgium found an official population of 11.239 million.

Belgium Demographics

Belgium is a population that boasts diverse cultures and ethnicities. However, even with the burgeoning immigrant population, the majority of French-speaking individuals live in and around the capital city of Brussels, while the Flemish-speaking population is more restricted towards the Flanders side of the country. Due to job opportunities, the immigrant population mostly settles down in the large cities, where they can earn their living in an easier manner than in the suburban areas of the country.

In terms of ethnicity, the Flemish community is a majority in the country. More than 6 million inhabitants of Belgium are Flemish, while the French-speaking Walloon are a minority but make up the next biggest population group with around 3.5 million inhabitants. Apart from the two major population groups, there are small groups of minorities present in small pockets around the country, including the roughly 79,000 German-speaking residents who live near the Belgian-German border.

Among the immigrants, the largest group of inhabitants is from Morocco, with around half a million residents living all over Belgium. The next biggest ethnic group of immigrants is from Turkey, and these people are also present in significant numbers all over Belgium.

Overall, Belgium represents a rich group of inhabitants who belong to different ethnicities. It is a country that is showing steady growth and can provide support for its growing population numbers. The official languages include Dutch, French, and German.

Belgium Religion, Economy, and Politics

In terms of religious followings, the Belgium population is relatively diverse, with 50% reporting an affiliation with Roman Catholics. Protestants and other Christians make up 2.5%, Muslims 5%, Jewish 0.4%, Buddhists 0.3%, and atheists 9.2%. The remaining 32.6% of the population have no religious affiliation.

The life expectancy in Belgium has continued to increase while the death rate has fallen. This has been mainly due to advances in the field of medicine, which has also ensured better healthcare for babies as well. The country is also providing better care during childbirth, leading to a higher rate of births as well. The life expectancy estimate as of 2016 was 80.5 years, which is a significant increase from previous years, with male life expectancy standing at 78 years and female life expectancy at 83 years. In 2018, the World Factbook reports a change of total life expectancy to 81.1, with males at 78.5 and females at 83.8 - showing a slow increase as time continues to pass.

Belgium Population History

Belgium became an independent nation in 1830 after parting ways politically with the Netherlands. Belgium has long been known for its neutrality policy but abandoned this for a time during World Wars I and II when they were invaded by Germany. The growth rate has remained pretty close to half of a percent annually, fairly consistently until the present day.

Belgium Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
30,528
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$655.19
GDP (UN '22)
$582.64 Bn

Sources