According to current projections, Chad’s population is expected to increase for the remainder of the century. As of 2020, the population is 16.43 million people and is expected to increase to 61.5 million by 2099. Chad’s population is projected to surpass 50 million people by 2076.
The population of Chad is growing relatively fast at a rate of 3.00% from 2019 to 2020. This added about 479,000 people to the population. This rate has slowly decreased over the years as the fertility rate has also decreased. Despite this, the fertility rate in Chad is still one of the highest in the world at 5.80 births per woman.
Unfortunately, Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world. Chad’s major problems, including a high risk of floods and droughts, widespread poverty, and frequent civil war, can all be exacerbated by rapid population growth.
|Chad Population (as of 8/24/2023)||18,361,716|
|Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)||18,278,568|
|Births per Day||2,134|
|Deaths per Day||588|
|Migrations per Day||-5|
|Net Change per Day||1,540|
|Population Change Since Jan. 1||361,900|
Net increase of 1 person every 56 seconds
Population estimates based on interpolation of data from World Population Prospects
|One birth every 40 seconds|
|One death every 2.45 minutes|
|One emigrant every 288 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 56 seconds|
Its largest city and capital, N'Djamena, has an estimated population of just under 1 million. Only 26% of the country's people live in urban areas, but almost half are under the age of 15. Chad has an unevenly distributed population, with the highest density in the Logone Occidental Region and the capital. The capital is virtually the only urban area in Chad.
There are people over age 18 in Chad.
Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa with many regions. Lake Chad, which the country is named for, is the largest wetland in the country, which also has a desert zone, an arid belt and a fertile savanna zone. Chad is bordered by Nigeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Libya, and Niger and it is the 5th largest country by size in Africa.
Chad has over 200 ethnic and linguistic groups.The people of Chad are usually classified according to their geographic region. The Sara live in the south and represent the largest ethnic group. In the Sahel, sedentary people live with nomadic ones like the Arabs, who are the second largest ethnic group. Nomads, particularly the Toubous, live in the north.
The largest ethnic groups, based on the 1993 census, were: Sara (28%), Arab (12%), Mayo-Kebbi (11%), Kanem-Bornou (9%), Ouaddai (9%), Hadjarai (7%), Tandjile (7%), Daza (6%) and Fitri-Batha (5%).
The country of Chad is pretty divided in terms of religion with 51.8% practicing Islam, 43.8% practicing some form of Christianity, and the remaining 4.4% being atheist, agnostic, or practicing something else. Within the Muslim community, 58% are Sunni, 11% are Shia, 4% Ahmadi, and 23% are nondenominational. Of the Christians, 54% are Protestant and 46% are Catholic.
Chad is one of the most corrupt and poorest countries on earth and most of its people are impoverished and live as herders and farmers. The Fund for Peace considers Chad a failed state. Polygamy is very common in Chad with 39% of women in such a union. It is also sanctioned by law. Violence against women is common in Chad, as is female genital mutilation. Despite being prohibited, more than 45% of women undergo the procedure, which is more common among certain ethnic groups like the Arabs. The life expectancy in Chad is just 47 years old.
The land of present-day Chad was conquered by Rabih al-Zubayr from Sudan in the late 1800s, but his reign was short-lived and the French took control of the area in 1913. Chad fought with the French during World War II, but after the war, the country began to experience some civil unrest and several political parties began to form, which eventually ousted the president and rendered the central government completely ineffective in the early 1980s, but they settled into democracy by the 90s. In the early 2000s, Chad experienced a sudden rush of immigration from Sudan due to the fighting in Darfur.