Cuba Population 2024 (Live)

11,176,832

From 2019 to 2020, Cuba’s population did not experience any growth. The population change rate was -0.06%, resulting in a population loss of about 6,867 people. Cuba experienced population growth up until 2016, when the population peaked at 11.34 million people. The population has been slowly declining since then and is projected to continue its downward trend for the rest of the 21st century.

Cuba’s population is projected to be around 6.73 million people by 2099, nearly half of what it is now in 2020.

Cuba’s population decline is a result of young people leaving the country and low birth rates. This is resulting in an aging population, one that is projected to be the world’s ninth-oldest population by 2050.

Cuba Population Growth

Cuba's birth rate has fallen tremendously over the last few decades, and it's now one of the lowest in the Western Hemisphere at 9.88 births/1,000 population. This is mostly attributed to unrestricted access to abortion and the widespread use of contraceptives estimated at 79% among the female population.

Cuba Population Projections

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and it's believed that Cuba will soon begin posting negative growth. The growth rate is very near zero as o 2019 at 0.035 growth annually and it is expected that the rate will hit 0 around 2028 before the population started decreasing. Because the rate of change isn't very significant whether growing to declining, there shouldn't be huge changes in the population in the coming years. Current projections say that the population of Cuba will be 11,495,491 in 2020, 11,496,000 in 2030, 11,266,074 in 2040 and 10,823,142 in 2050.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
103,800
The current population of Cuba is 11,176,832 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 11,174,587.

Cuba Growth Rate

Cuba Population Clock

Cuba Population (as of 5/22/2024)11,176,832
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)11,174,587
Births per Day268
Deaths per Day309
Migrations per Day-16
Net Change per Day-58
Population Change Since Jan. 1-8,294

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5.37 minutes
One death every 4.67 minutes
One emigrant every 90 minutes
Net loss of one person every 24.83 minutes

Cuba Population Clock

Cuba Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Havana2,163,824
Santiago de Cuba555,865
Camaguey347,562
Holguin319,102
Guantanamo272,801
Santa Clara250,512
Diez de Octubre227,293
Arroyo Naranjo210,053
Las Tunas203,684
Bayamo192,632

Cuba Area and Population Density

The country of Cuba a large Caribbean island as well as the surrounding archipelagos, which total 42,426 square miles (109,880 square kilometers) of surface area, ranking it 104th in the world in terms of size. Cuba has a population density of 264 people per square mile (102 people per square kilometer), which ranks 79th in the world, fairly well in line with its size.

Largest Cities in Cuba

Over three-quarters of Cuba's population live in urban areas, but this is spread out through many smaller cities as opposed to a couple of really large ones. The largest city by far, and the nation's capital, Havana, has a population of 2.1 million in the city proper over nearly 1,000 square miles, making it the third largest metro area in the Caribbean. Havana receives more than 1.2 million international tourists every year. The second largest Cuban city is the important port town of Santiago de Cuba with a population approaching half a million. Cuba's educational capital of Camagüey is the third largest city with slightly over 300,000. Other sizable Cuban cities with populations over 200,000 include Holguin, Guantánamo, and Santa Clara.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,174,587-0.25%10586110
202311,194,449-0.24%10585108
202011,300,698-0.14%10683107
201911,316,697-0.1%10682106
201811,328,244-0.07%10682104
201711,336,405-0.05%10781103
201511,339,8940.09%10778100
201011,290,4170.08%10675101
200511,246,1140.25%1067297
200011,105,7910.33%1047197
199510,926,7030.56%1036592
199010,626,6800.92%1006391
198510,149,0440.68%956287
19809,809,1070.61%926185
19759,514,3051.41%895985
19708,869,6361.91%835885
19658,067,6512.11%766187
19607,267,3952.07%686186
19556,559,5862.05%626187

Cuba Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,174,587-0.25%10586110
202511,152,631-0.26%10586110
203011,016,041-0.25%10389115
203510,836,646-0.33%10293119
204010,615,034-0.41%10095122
204510,348,775-0.51%9797128
205010,028,085-0.63%9498135
20559,652,117-0.76%91102140
20609,245,789-0.86%87105142
20658,845,508-0.88%83106143
20708,475,821-0.85%80108149
20758,132,623-0.82%76109149
20807,793,940-0.85%73110153
20857,448,756-0.9%70111155
20907,108,520-0.93%67113157
20956,783,940-0.93%64115158

Cuba Population by Year (Projections)

Cuba Population Pyramid 2024

Cuba Median Age

42.1

Total

40.2

Male

43.8

Female

Cuba Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Cuba.

Census Years

Year
Date
20222022
201224 September 2012
20027 September 2002

Cuba Population Pyramid

Cuba Demographics

Cuba's population is very multiethnic and intermarriage between many groups is widespread. Accurate figures on Cuba's demographics are hard to come by. The University of Miami's Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies found that 62% of the population is black while the official 2002 census found 65% were white. An autosomal study in 2014, however, found Cuba's genetic ancestry is 72% European, 20% African and 8% Native American.

Immigration over centuries has played a large role in Cuba's population. From the 18th through 20th centuries, there were many waves of Canarian, Andalusian, Galician, Catalan, and other Spanish immigrants. Later, many immigrants from Italy, Great Britain, Ireland, Greece, Portugal, and France moved to the island.

Figures from 2002, which use a Cuban population of 11,177,743, give us a clearer picture of age splits and other key demographic factors. From those numbers, it was shown that 19.1% of the population were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 70.3% of Cubans were between 15 and 64 while 10.6% of the Cuba population in 2002 were aged over 65.

Overall life expectancy in 2006 was 77.41 years and this was divided between 75.11 years for males and 79.85 for females.

Cuba Religion, Economy and Politics

Although Roman Catholicism has the majority, with 60% of the population, the remaining 40% is relatively diverse. 24% of people in Cuba are non-religious, 5% are Protestant, and the remaining 11% practice a different religion or some form of African spirituality. A common example of a syncretic religion (a faith system made up of merged indigenous beliefs), is Santeria which combines Yoruba (the religion of African slaves) with Catholicism. Other religions like Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism are in extreme minority.

The Cuban government has complete control over the economy, and they have not been doing a good job of managing things. The country is nearly bankrupt, and the government continually says that they are making strides towards pro-market reforms yet their actions say otherwise as nothing has been implemented. Private property is strictly regulated, courts can be politically interfered with, and there is excessive bureaucracy, all of which seriously limit the amount other countries are willing to trade or invest with them.

Cuba is a socialist democracy. Since 1959, Cuba has had a socialist political system and is constitutionally defined as a Marxist-Leninist socialist state. In 2019, the present Constitution was passed and describes the role of the Communist Party of Cuba to be the “leading force of society and of the state.”

In March 2018, parliamentary elections were held in Cuba to elect members of the National Assembly of People’s Power. The National Assembly of People’s Power has over 600 members who serve five-year terms. The Nationals Assembly holds a session twice a year where it appoints a 31-member Council of State, headed by the president. Legislative authority rests with the National Assembly.

The government exercises executive power. From 1959 to 2008, Fidel Castro was the chief of state and head of government. In 2008, his brother Raúl Castro relinquished power. Raúl Castro is current the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most powerful position within the Community Party of Cuba. As of 2019, Miguel Díaz-Canel is now the President of Cuba and is likely to succeed Raúl Castro as First Secretary in 2021. Since the 2019 Constitution, the President of Cuba is limited to two five-year terms.

Cuba Population History

The first nationwide census in Cuba was carried out in 1771 and it was confirmed at the time that 171,600 people were living here. Surveys from then on were sporadic and at the next census of 1792, that figure had climbed to 274,300.

Similar growth continued through the 19th century and as the 1900’s rolled in, the census of 1910 confirmed that the population of Cuba had jumped to an impressive 2,219,000.

By the end of the century however, there had been a number of huge population spikes that ultimately led to a fourfold increase in 90 years as the census of 2000 showed the Cuba population to be 11,142,000.

The increase from 2000 to 2010 has therefore been relatively small and as such, it may be correct to assume that the population of Cuba in 2014 has only just exceeded 11,271,000.

Cuba Population Rank 2024
Country Age
Area (km²)
109,884
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (UN '22)
$147.19 Bn

Sources