Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Djibouti gained independence in 1977 from France and joined the United Nations that same year. Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Djibouti is a very small country with just over 23,000 square kilometers of area, which ranks 150th in the world. The largest city and capital of Djibouti is Djibouti City, which has a population of 624,000, a large percentage of the total population. This is the only city in the country with a population over 50,000.
Djibouti is a multi-ethnic country. The Afar (35%) and Somali (60%) make up the two largest ethnic groups, both of which speak Afro-Asiatic languages. The Somali people are comprised mostly of the Issas, a sub-clan of the Dir. The remaining 5% of the population is made up of Arabs, Ethiopians and Europeans, most of whom are Italian and French.
Nearly 94% of the population of Djibouti adheres to Islam, which has been important in the area for over one thousand years.